OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 18, Iss. 9 — Apr. 26, 2010
  • pp: 9173–9180

Collinear generation of ultrashort UV and XUV pulses

E. M. Bothschafter, A. Schiffrin, V.S. Yakovlev, A.M. Azzeer, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, and R. Kienberger  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 9, pp. 9173-9180 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.009173


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (885 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate the collinear generation of few-femtosecond ultraviolet and attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses via a combination of third-harmonic and high harmonic generation in noble gases. The ultrashort coherent light bursts are produced by focusing a sub-1.5-cycle near-infrared/visible laser pulse in two subsequent quasi-static noble gas targets. This approach provides an inherently synchronized pair of UV and XUV pulses, where the UV radiation has a photon energy of ~5 eV and a pulse energy of up to 1 μJ and the XUV radiation contains up to 3.5 ∙ 106 XUV photons per shot with a photon energy exceeding 100 eV. This source represents a novel tool for future UV pump/XUV probe experiments with unprecedented time-resolution.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics
(190.7220) Nonlinear optics : Upconversion
(260.7190) Physical optics : Ultraviolet
(260.7200) Physical optics : Ultraviolet, extreme

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: February 9, 2010
Revised Manuscript: March 29, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: April 5, 2010
Published: April 16, 2010

Citation
E. M. Bothschafter, A. Schiffrin, V. S. Yakovlev, A. M. Azzeer, F. Krausz, R. Ernstorfer, and R. Kienberger, "Collinear generation of 
ultrashort UV and XUV pulses," Opt. Express 18, 9173-9180 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-9-9173


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. Uiberacker, T. Uphues, M. Schultze, A. J. Verhoef, V. Yakovlev, M. F. Kling, J. Rauschenberger, N. M. Kabachnik, H. Schröder, M. Lezius, K. L. Kompa, H. G. Muller, M. J. J. Vrakking, S. Hendel, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond real-time observation of electron tunnelling in atoms,” Nature 446(7136), 627–632 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Eckle, M. Smolarski, P. Schlup, J. Biegert, A. Staudte, M. Schoffler, H. G. Muller, R. Dorner, and U. Keller, “Attosecond angular streaking,” Nat. Phys. 4(7), 565–570 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, T. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuska, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature 449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, T. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G. L. Yudin, M. Y. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(17), 173903 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. S. Kirchmann, P. A. Loukakos, U. Bovensiepen, and M. Wolf, “Ultrafast electron dynamics studied with time-resolved two-photon photoemission: intra- and interband scattering in C6F6/Cu(111),” N. J. Phys. 7, 113 (2005). [CrossRef]
  8. M. Bauer, “Femtosecond ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy of ultra-fast surface processes,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38(16), R253–R267 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. G. Saathoff, L. Miaja-Avila, M. Aeschlimann, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Laser-assisted photoemission from surfaces,” Phys. Rev. A 77(2), 022903 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Tunable sub-10-fs ultraviolet pulses generated by achromatic frequency doubling,” Opt. Lett. 29(14), 1686–1688 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. N. Aközbek, A. Iwasaki, A. Becker, M. Scalora, S. L. Chin, and C. M. Bowden, “Third-harmonic generation and self-channeling in air using high-power femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(14), 143901 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. C. G. Durfee, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Intense 8-fs pulse generation in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Lett. 24(10), 697–699 (1999). [CrossRef]
  13. T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuß, “Vacuum ultraviolet pulses of 11 fs from fifth-harmonic generation of a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 723–725 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. U. Graf, M. Fiess, M. Schultze, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Intense few-cycle light pulses in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Express 16(23), 18956–18963 (2008). [CrossRef]
  16. J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(6), 766–769 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. L’Huillier and P. Balcou, “High-Order Harmonic Generation in Rare Gases with a 1-Ps 1053-Nm Laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70(6), 774–777 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma Perspective on Strong Field Multiphoton Ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71(13), 1994–1997 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. F. Brunel, “Harmonic-Generation Due to Plasma Effects in a Gas Undergoing Multiphoton Ionization in the High-Intensity Limit,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(4), 521–526 (1990). [CrossRef]
  20. A. L. Cavalieri, E. Goulielmakis, B. Horvath, W. Helml, M. Schultze, M. Fiess, V. Pervak, L. Veisz, V. S. Yakovlev, M. Uiberacker, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and R. Kienberger, “Intense 1.5-cycle near infrared laser waveforms and their use for the generation of ultra-broadband soft-x-ray harmonic continua,” N. J. Phys. 9(7), 242 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science 320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Nisoli, E. Priori, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, G. Cerullo, S. De Silvestri, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, C. de Lisio, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, M. Pascolini, and G. Tondello, “High-brightness high-order harmonic generation by truncated bessel beams in the sub-10-fs regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88(3), 033902 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Salieres, T. Ditmire, K. S. Budil, M. D. Perry, and A. L'Huillier, “Spatial Profiles of High-Order Harmonics Generated by a Femtosecond Crlisaf Laser,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 27(9), L217–L222 (1994). [CrossRef]
  24. T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, “Generation of single-cycle THz transients with high electric-field amplitudes,” Opt. Lett. 30(20), 2805–2807 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, M. Wang, and X.-C. Zhang, “Terahertz pulse generation from noble gases,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(25), 251116 (2007). [CrossRef]
  26. M. Kreß, T. Löffler, M. D. Thomson, R. Dörner, H. Gimpel, K. Zrost, T. Ergler, R. Moshammer, U. Morgner, J. Ullrich, and H. G. Roskos, “Determination of the carrier-envelope phase of few-cycle laser pulses with terahertz-emission spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys. 2(5), 327–331 (2006). [CrossRef]
  27. IRD, “International Radiation Detectors,” http://www.ird-inc.com/axuvwdd/axuv-100_zr_c.htm .
  28. D. L. Windt, “IMD - Software for modeling the optical properties of multilayer films,” Comput. Phys. 12(4), 360–370 (1998). [CrossRef]
  29. F. J. Himpsel, P. Heimann, T. C. Chiang, and D. E. Eastman, “Geometry-Dependent Si(2p) Surface Core-Level Excitations for Si(111) and Si(100) Surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 45(13), 1112–1115 (1980). [CrossRef]
  30. A. Bideaumehu, Y. Guern, R. Abjean, and A. Johanningilles, “Measurement of refractive-indexes of neon, Argon, krypton and xenon in the 253.7-140.4 nm wavelength range - Dispersion-relations and estimated oscillator-strengths of the resonance lines,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 25(5), 395–402 (1981). [CrossRef]
  31. V. Tosa, H. T. Kim, I. J. Kim, and C. H. Nam, “High-order harmonic generation by chirped and self-guided femtosecond laser pulses. I. Spatial and spectral analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 71(6), 063807 (2005). [CrossRef]
  32. M. Mlejnek, E. M. Wright, and J. V. Moloney, “Femtosecond pulse propagation in argon: A pressure dependence study,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 58(4), 4903–4910 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited