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Energy Express

Energy Express

  • Editor: Bernard Kippelen
  • Vol. 18, Iss. S4 — Nov. 8, 2010
  • pp: A620–A630

Broadband short-range surface plasmon structures for absorption enhancement in organic photovoltaics

Wenli Bai, Qiaoqiang Gan, Guofeng Song, Lianghui Chen, Zakya Kafafi, and Filbert Bartoli  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue S4, pp. A620-A630 (2010)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.18.00A620


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Abstract

We theoretically demonstrate a polarization-independent nanopatterned ultra-thin metallic structure supporting short-range surface plasmon polariton (SRSPP) modes to improve the performance of organic solar cells. The physical mechanism and the mode distribution of the SRSPP excited in the cell device were analyzed, and reveal that the SRSPP-assisted broadband absorption enhancement peak could be tuned by tailoring the parameters of the nanopatterned metallic structure. Three-dimensional finite-difference time domain calculations show that this plasmonic structure can enhance the optical absorption of polymer-based photovoltaics by 39% to 112%, depending on the nature of the active layer (corresponding to an enhancement in short-circuit current density by 47% to 130%). These results are promising for the design of organic photovoltaics with enhanced performance.

© 2010 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.5350) Detectors : Photovoltaic
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(350.6050) Other areas of optics : Solar energy
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics

ToC Category:
Photovoltaics

History
Original Manuscript: September 7, 2010
Revised Manuscript: September 30, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: October 8, 2010
Published: October 27, 2010

Citation
Wenli Bai, Qiaoqiang Gan, Guofeng Song, Lianghui Chen, Zakya Kafafi, and Filbert Bartoli, "Broadband short-range surface plasmon structures for absorption enhancement in organic photovoltaics," Opt. Express 18, A620-A630 (2010)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-18-S4-A620


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