OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 10 — May. 9, 2011
  • pp: 9172–9184

Analytic theory of soft x-ray diffraction by lamellar multilayer gratings

I. V. Kozhevnikov, R. van der Meer, H. M. J. Bastiaens, K.-J. Boller, and F. Bijkerk  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 10, pp. 9172-9184 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1344 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



An analytic theory describing soft x-ray diffraction by Lamellar Multilayer Gratings (LMG) has been developed. The theory is derived from a coupled waves approach for LMGs operating in the single-order regime, where an incident plane wave can only excite a single diffraction order. The results from calculations based on these very simple analytic expressions are demonstrated to be in excellent agreement with those obtained using the rigorous coupled-waves approach. The conditions for maximum reflectivity and diffraction efficiency are deduced and discussed. A brief investigation into p-polarized radiation diffraction is also performed.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(230.4170) Optical devices : Multilayers
(340.0340) X-ray optics : X-ray optics
(340.7480) X-ray optics : X-rays, soft x-rays, extreme ultraviolet (EUV)

ToC Category:
X-ray Optics

Original Manuscript: February 23, 2011
Revised Manuscript: April 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: April 21, 2011
Published: April 26, 2011

I. V. Kozhevnikov, R. van der Meer, H. M. J. Bastiaens, K.-J. Boller, and F. Bijkerk, "Analytic theory of soft x-ray diffraction by lamellar multilayer gratings," Opt. Express 19, 9172-9184 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. I. V. Kozhevnikov and A. V. Vinogradov, “Basic formulae of XUV multilayer optics,” Phys. Scr. T17, 137–145 (1987). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Sammar, J.-M. André, and B. Pardo, “Diffraction and scattering by lamellar amplitude multilayer gratings in the X-UV region,” Opt. Commun. 86(2), 245–254 (1991). [CrossRef]
  3. A. I. Erko, B. Vidal, P. Vincent, Yu. A. Agafonov, V. V. Martynov, D. V. Roschupkin, and M. Brunel, “Multilayer gratings efficiency: numerical and physical experiments,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 333(2-3), 599–606 (1993). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Sammar, M. Ouahabi, R. Barchewitz, J.-M. Andre, R. Rivoira, C. K. Malek, F. R. Ladan, and P. Guerin, “Theoretical and experimental study of soft X-ray diffraction by a lamellar multilayer amplitude grating,” J. Opt. 24(1), 37–41 (1993). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Benbalagh, J.-M. André, R. Barchewitz, P. Jonnard, G. Julié, L. Mollard, G. Rolland, C. Rémond, P. Troussel, R. Marmoret, and E. O. Filatova, “Lamellar multilayer amplitude grating as soft-X-ray Bragg monochromator,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Res. A 541(3), 590–597 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. I. V. Kozhevnikov, R. van der Meer, H. M. J. Bastiaens, K.-J. Boller, and F. Bijkerk, “High-resolution, high-reflectivity operation of lamellar multilayer amplitude gratings: identification of the single-order regime,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16234–16242 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. Benbalagh, “Monochromateurs Multicouches à bande passante étroite et à faible fond continu pour le rayonnement X-UV,” PhD Thesis, University of Paris VI, Paris, 2003.
  8. L. I. Goray, “Numerical analysis of the efficiency of multilayer-coated gratings using integral method,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. Res. A 536(1-2), 211–221 (2005). [CrossRef]
  9. R. Petit, Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings, (Springer-Verlag, 1980.
  10. A. V. Vinogradov and B. Ya. Zeldovich, “X-ray and far uv multilayer mirrors: principles and possibilities,” Appl. Opt. 16(1), 89–93 (1977). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. V. Vinogradov and B. Ya. Zeldovich, “Multilayer mirrors for x-ray and far-ultraviolet radiation,” Opt. Spektrosk. 42, 404–407 (1977).
  12. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, 1980.

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited