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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 13 — Jun. 20, 2011
  • pp: 12021–12026

Tuning of superconducting niobium nitride terahertz metamaterials

Jingbo Wu, Biaobing Jin, Yuhua Xue, Caihong Zhang, Hao Dai, Labao Zhang, Chunhai Cao, Lin Kang, Weiwei Xu, Jian Chen, and Peiheng Wu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 13, pp. 12021-12026 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.012021


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Abstract

Superconducting planar terahertz (THz) metamaterials (MMs), with unit cells of different sizes, are fabricated on 200 nm-thick niobium nitride (NbN) films deposited on MgO substrates. They are characterized using THz time domain spectroscopy over a temperature range from 8.1 K to 300 K, crossing the critical temperature of NbN films. As the gap frequency (fg = 2Δ0/h, where Δ0 is the energy gap at 0 K and h is the Plank constant) of NbN is 1.18 THz, the experimentally observed THz spectra span a frequency range from below fg to above it. We have found that, as the resonance frequency approaches fg , the relative tuning range of MMs is quite wide (30%). We attribute this observation to the large change of kinetic inductance of superconducting film.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(260.5740) Physical optics : Resonance
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:
Metamaterials

History
Original Manuscript: April 18, 2011
Revised Manuscript: May 23, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: May 30, 2011
Published: June 6, 2011

Citation
Jingbo Wu, Biaobing Jin, Yuhua Xue, Caihong Zhang, Hao Dai, Labao Zhang, Chunhai Cao, Lin Kang, Weiwei Xu, Jian Chen, and Peiheng Wu, "Tuning of superconducting niobium nitride terahertz metamaterials," Opt. Express 19, 12021-12026 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-13-12021


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