OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 13 — Jun. 20, 2011
  • pp: 12664–12672

Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control

K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H.Y. Tam  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 13, pp. 12664-12672 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.012664


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1245 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We proposed and demonstrated a novel practical fiber Bragg grating (FBG) fabrication setup constructed with high performance linear stages, piezoelectric translation (PZT) stages, and a highly stable continuous wave laser. The FBG fabrication system enables writing of long FBGs by a continuous translate–and-write process and allows implementation of arbitrary chirp and apodization. A key innovation is that the local Bragg wavelength is controlled by a simple movement of the phase mask by a PZT in the direction perpendicular to its surface. The focus position of the two writing beams is not changed during the Bragg wavelength change, an intrinsic feature of the design, ensuring simplicity, robustness and stability. Apodization can be achieved by vibrating the phase mask in the direction parallel to its surface by a PZT. Phase steps can also be inserted in FBGs at any desired locations by stepping the same PZT. A long uniform FBG and a linearly chirped FBG are written to demonstrate the performance of the setup.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(120.3180) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Interferometry
(220.1230) Optical design and fabrication : Apodization
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: April 19, 2011
Revised Manuscript: June 8, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: June 9, 2011
Published: June 15, 2011

Citation
K. M. Chung, L. Dong, C. Lu, and H.Y. Tam, "Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication system for long gratings with independent apodization and with local phase and wavelength control," Opt. Express 19, 12664-12672 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-13-12664


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. O. Hill, Y. Fujii, D. C. Johnson, and B. S. Kawasaki, “Photosensitivity in Optical Fiber Waveguides - Application to Reflection Filter Fabrication,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 32(10), 647–649 (1978). [CrossRef]
  2. L. Poladian, “Simple grating synthesis algorithm,” Opt. Lett. 25(11), 787–789 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Skaar, L. G. Wang, and T. Erdogan, “On the synthesis of fiber Bragg gratings by layer peeling,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(2), 165–173 (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. H. P. Li and Y. L. Sheng, “Direct design of multichannel fiber Bragg grating with discrete layer-peeling algorithm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(9), 1252–1254 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. L. Dong and S. Fortier, “Formulation of time-domain algorithm for fiber Bragg grating simulation and reconstruction,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(8), 1087–1098 (2004). [CrossRef]
  6. D. Z. Anderson, V. Mizrahi, T. Erdogan, and A. E. White, “Production of in-fibre gratings using a diffractive optical element,” Electron. Lett. 29(6), 566–568 (1993). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Qiu, Y. L. Sheng, and C. Beaulieu, “Optimal phase mask for fiber Bragg grating fabrication,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17(11), 2366–2370 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. P. E. Dyer, R. J. Farley, and R. Giedl, “Analysis of grating formation with excimer laser irradiated phase masks,” Opt. Commun. 115(3-4), 327–334 (1995). [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Liu, J. J. Pan, C. Gu, F. Zhou, and L. Dong, “Novel fiber Bragg grating fabrication method with high-precision phase control,” Opt. Eng. 43(8), 1916–1922 (2004). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Gagné, L. Bojor, R. Maciejko, and R. Kashyap, “Novel custom fiber Bragg grating fabrication technique based on push-pull phase shifting interferometry,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21550–21557 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. P. Li, M. Li, Y. L. Sheng, and J. E. Rothenberg, “Advances in the design and fabrication of high-channel-count fiber Bragg gratings,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(9), 2739–2750 (2007). [CrossRef]
  12. M. Nakamura, C. Komatsu, Y. Masuda, K. Fujita, M. Yamauchi, Y. Mizutani, S. Kimura, Y. Suzaki, T. Yokouchi, K. Nakagawa, and S. Ejima, ““Evolution of optical fiber temperature during fiber Bragg grating fabrication using KrF excimer laser,” Japn. J. Appl. Phys . 43, 147–151 (2004). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited