OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Aug. 29, 2011
  • pp: 16934–16949

Experimental and numerical analysis on temporal dynamics of polarization switching in an injection-locked 1.55-μm wavelength VCSEL

Vijay Manohar Deshmukh, Seoung Hun Lee, Dong Wook Kim, Kyong Hon Kim, and Min Hee Lee  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 16934-16949 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.016934


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1209 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We present experimental and numerical study of temporal characteristics of injection-locked polarization switching of a conventional-type 1.55-μm wavelength single-mode vertical cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL). Delayed recovery response of the main-mode of the VCSEL was observed when short and strong optical injection pulses of an orthogonal polarization to the VCSEL’s main polarization-mode were applied. Numerical analysis based on a spin-flip model describes that the relatively long upper level lifetimes compared to a short injection-pulse width and long cavity photon lifetimes cause delayed recovery response of the main-mode of the VCSEL. An optimum bias current of the VCSEL was also observed for the shortest recovery time of its free-running polarization mode after the orthogonal polarization beam pulse injection.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked
(140.7260) Lasers and laser optics : Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: June 21, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 2, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 11, 2011
Published: August 15, 2011

Citation
Vijay Manohar Deshmukh, Seoung Hun Lee, Dong Wook Kim, Kyong Hon Kim, and Min Hee Lee, "Experimental and numerical analysis on temporal dynamics of polarization switching in an injection-locked 1.55-μm wavelength VCSEL," Opt. Express 19, 16934-16949 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-18-16934


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52(2), 1728–1739 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. W. L. Zhang, W. Pan, B. Luo, M. Y. Wang, and X. H. Zou, “Polarization switching and hysteresis of VCSELs with time-varying optical injection,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(3), 889–894 (2008). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33(5), 765–783 (1997). [CrossRef]
  4. A. Dyson and M. J. Adams, “Spin-polarized properties of optically pumped vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. B Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 5(3), 222–226 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. A. Gahl, S. Balle, and M. S. Miguel, “Polarization dynamics of optically pumped VCSELs,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35(3), 342–351 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Hong, R. Ju, P. S. Spencer, and K. A. Shore, “Investigation of polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers subjected to optical feedback,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41(5), 619–624 (2005). [CrossRef]
  7. M. Sciamanna and K. Panajotov, “Route to polarization switching induced by optical injection in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 73(2), 023811 (2006). [CrossRef]
  8. J. Danckaert, B. Nagler, J. Albert, K. Panajotov, I. Veretennicoff, and T. Erneux, “Minimal rate equations describing polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(1-3), 129–137 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. I. Gatare, K. Panajotov, and M. Sciamanna, “Frequency induced polarization bistability in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A 75(2), 023804 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. S. Hallstein, J. D. Berger, M. Hilpert, H. C. Schneider, W. W. Rűhle, F. Jahnke, S. W. Koch, H. M. Gibbs, G. Khitrova, and M. Oestreich, “Manifestation of coherent spin precession in stimulated semiconductor emission dynamics,” Phys. Rev. B 56(12), R7076–R7079 (1997). [CrossRef]
  11. K. H. Jeong, K. H. Kim, S. H. Lee, M. H. Lee, B. S. Yoo, and K. A. Shore, “Optical injection-induced polarization switching dynamics in 1.5-μm wavelength single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(10), 779–781 (2008). [CrossRef]
  12. S. H. Lee, H. W. Jung, K. H. Kim, M. H. Lee, B.-S. Yoo, J. Roh, and K. A. Shore, “1-GHz all-optical flip-flop operation of conventional cylindrical-shaped single-mode VCSELs under low power optical injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(23), 1759–1761 (2010). [CrossRef]
  13. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (Univ. Sci. Books, 1986), Chaps. 25 and 13.
  14. J.-H. Shin, B.-S. Yoo, W.-S. Han, O.-K. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, and J.-H. Lee, “CW operation and threshold characteristics of all-monolithic InAlGaAs 1.55-μm VCSELs grown by MOCVD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14(8), 1031–1033 (2002). [CrossRef]
  15. M.-R. Park, O.-K. Kwon, W.-S. Han, K.-H. Lee, S.-J. Park, and B.-S. Yoo, “All-monolithic 1.55 µm InAlGaAs/InP vertical cavity surface emitting lasers grown by metal organic chemical vapor deposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(1), L8–L10 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited