OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Aug. 29, 2011
  • pp: 17059–17064

All-optical switching in an N-type four-level atom-cavity system

Jiteng Sheng, Xihua Yang, Utsab Khadka, and Min Xiao  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 17059-17064 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (988 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report an experimental observation of all-optical switching in an N-type atom-cavity system with a rubidium atomic vapor cell inside an optical ring cavity. Both absorptive and dispersive switching can be realized on dark- or bright-polariton peaks by a weak switching laser beam (with the extinction ratio better than 20:1). The switching mechanism can be explained as the combination of quantum interference and intracavity dispersion properties.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4180) Nonlinear optics : Multiphoton processes
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: July 1, 2011
Revised Manuscript: July 22, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: July 22, 2011
Published: August 16, 2011

Jiteng Sheng, Xihua Yang, Utsab Khadka, and Min Xiao, "All-optical switching in an N-type four-level atom-cavity system," Opt. Express 19, 17059-17064 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H. Gibbs, Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light (Academic, New York, 1985).
  2. S. E. Harris and Y. Yamamoto, “Photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81(17), 3611–3614 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Yan, E. G. Rickey, and Y. Zhu, “Observation of absorptive photon switching by quantum interference,” Phys. Rev. A 64(4), 041801(R) (2001). [CrossRef]
  4. D. A. Braje, V. Balić, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68(4), 041801(R) (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. Y.-F. Chen, Z.-H. Tsai, Y.-C. Liu, and I. A. Yu, “Low-light-level photon switching by quantum interference,” Opt. Lett. 30(23), 3207–3209 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. Jiang, Q.-F. Chen, Y.-S. Zhang, and G.-C. Guo, “Optical pumping-assisted electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A 73(5), 053804 (2006). [CrossRef]
  7. M. G. Bason, A. K. Mohapatra, K. J. Weatherill, and C. S. Adams, “Narrow absorptive resonances in a four-level atomic system,” J. Phys. B 42(7), 075503 (2009). [CrossRef]
  8. H. Wang, D. Goorskey, and M. Xiao, “Controlling the cavity field with enhanced Kerr nonlinearity in three-level atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 65(5), 051802(R) (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. A. Brown, A. Joshi, and M. Xiao, “Controlled steady-state switching in optical Bistability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1301–1303 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Brown and M. Xiao, “All-optical switching and routing based on an electromagnetically induced absorption grating,” Opt. Lett. 30(7), 699–701 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. M. C. Dawes, L. Illing, S. M. Clark, and D. J. Gauthier, “All-optical switching in rubidium vapor,” Science 308(5722), 672–674 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Kang, G. Hernandez, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, “Phase-controlled light switching at low light levels,” Phys. Rev. A 73(1), 011802(R) (2006). [CrossRef]
  13. X. Wei, J. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, “All-optical switching in a coupled cavity-atom system,” Phys. Rev. A 82(3), 033808 (2010). [CrossRef]
  14. S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36 (1997). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Schmidt and A. Imamogdlu, “Giant Kerr nonlinearities obtained by electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Lett. 21(23), 1936–1938 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. Kang and Y. Zhu, “Observation of large Kerr nonlinearity at low light intensities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(9), 093601 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H.-Y. Lo, Y.-C. Chen, P.-C. Su, H.-C. Chen, J.-X. Chen, Y.-C. Chen, I. Yu, and Y.-F. Chen, “Electromagnetically-induced-transparency-based cross-phase-modulation at attojoule levels,” Phys. Rev. A 83(4), 041804(R) (2011). [CrossRef]
  18. C. Y. Ye, A. S. Zibrov, Y. V. Rostovtsev, and M. O. Scully, “Unexpected Doppler-free resonance in generalized double dark states,” Phys. Rev. A 65(4), 043805 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. H. Wu, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. Xiao, “Observation of intracavity electromagnetically induced transparency and polariton resonances in a Doppler-broadened medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(17), 173602 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Sheng, H. Wu, M. Mumba, J. Gea-Banacloche, and M. Xiao, “Understanding cavity resonances with intracavity dispersion properties,” Phys. Rev. A 83(2), 023829 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Y. Abi-Salloum, B. Henry, J. Davis, and F. Narducci, “Resonances and excitation pathways in four-level N-scheme atomic systems,” Phys. Rev. A 82(1), 013834 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited