OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 18 — Aug. 29, 2011
  • pp: 17344–17349

Mechanism and characteristics of long period fiber gratings in simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fibers

Zhifang Wu, Zhi Wang, Yan-ge Liu, Tingting Han, Shuo Li, and Huifeng Wei  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 18, pp. 17344-17349 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.017344


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1245 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate the fabrication of high-quality LPFGs in simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fibers, composed of a hollow hexagonal core and six crown-like air holes, using CO2-laser-irradiation method. Theoretical and experimental investigations indicate that the LPFGs are originated from the strong mode-coupling between the LP01 and LP11 core modes. And a dominant physical mechanism for the mode-coupling is experimentally confirmed to be the periodic microbends rather than the deformations of the cross-section or other common factors. In addition, the LPFGs are highly sensitive to strain and nearly insensitive to temperature, and are promising candidates for gas sensors and nonlinear optical devices.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(050.2770) Diffraction and gratings : Gratings
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.5295) Fiber optics and optical communications : Photonic crystal fibers

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: June 23, 2011
Revised Manuscript: August 6, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: August 8, 2011
Published: August 18, 2011

Citation
Zhifang Wu, Zhi Wang, Yan-ge Liu, Tingting Han, Shuo Li, and Huifeng Wei, "Mechanism and characteristics of long period fiber gratings in simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 19, 17344-17349 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-18-17344


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. L. Jin, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “Ultraviolet-inscribed long period gratings in all-solid photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express16(25), 21119–21131 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Morishita and Y. Miyake, “Fabrication and resonance wavelengths of long-period gratings written in a pure-silica photonic crystal fiber by the glass structure change,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(2), 625–630 (2004). [CrossRef]
  3. S. Liu, L. Jin, W. Jin, D. Wang, C. Liao, and Y. Wang, “Structural long period gratings made by drilling micro-holes in photonic crystal fibers with a femtosecond infrared laser,” Opt. Express18(6), 5496–5503 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Wang, W. Jin, J. Ju, H. Xuan, H. L. Ho, L. Xiao, and D. Wang, “Long period gratings in air-core photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express16(4), 2784–2790 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Yun-Jiang, W. Yi-Ping, R. Zeng-Ling, and Z. Tao, “Novel fiber-optic sensors based on long-period fiber gratings written by high-frequency CO2 laser pulses,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(5), 1320–1327 (2003). [CrossRef]
  6. D. I. Yeom, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, S. D. Lim, and B. Y. Kim, “Tunable acoustic gratings in solid-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express15(6), 3513–3518 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. Steinvurzel, E. D. Moore, E. C. Mägi, B. T. Kuhlmey, and B. J. Eggleton, “Long period grating resonances in photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(7), 3007–3014 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Tai, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, J. Xu, B. Liu, H. Wei, and W. Tong, “High order resonances between core mode and cladding supermodes in long period fiber gratings inscribed in photonic bandgap fibers,” Opt. Express18(15), 15361–15370 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Xuan, W. Jin, and S. Liu, “Long-period gratings in wavelength-scale microfibers,” Opt. Lett.35(1), 85–87 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. S. J. Russell, “Stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Science298(5592), 399–402 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, T. A. Birks, and F. Benabid, “Square-lattice large-pitch hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express16(25), 20626–20636 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, “Generation and Photonic Guidance of Multi-Octave Optical-Frequency Combs,” Science318(5853), 1118–1121 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, “Large-pitch kagome-structured hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.31(24), 3574–3576 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. S. Russell, “Bright spatially coherent wavelength-tunable deep-UV laser source using an Ar-filled photonic crystal fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106(20), 203901 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Gérôme, R. Jamier, J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, and J. M. Blondy, “Simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1157–1159 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. Février, B. Beaudou, and P. Viale, “Understanding origin of loss in large pitch hollow-core photonic crystal fibers and their design simplification,” Opt. Express18(5), 5142–5150 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. W. Lee and K. S. Chiang, “CO2 laser writing of long-period fiber grating in photonic crystal fiber under tension,” Opt. Express17(6), 4533–4539 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. H. Kim, Y. Park, T. J. Ahn, D. Y. Kim, B. H. Lee, Y. Chung, U. C. Paek, and W. T. Han, “Residual stress relaxation in the core of optical fiber by CO2 laser irradiation,” Opt. Lett.26(21), 1657–1659 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L. Jin, W. Jin, J. Ju, and Y. Wang, “Investigation of Long-Period Grating Resonances in Hollow-Core Photonic Bandgap Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(11), 1707–1713 (2011). [CrossRef]
  20. I. K. Hwang, S. H. Yun, and B. Y. Kim, “Long-period fiber gratings based on periodic microbends,” Opt. Lett.24(18), 1263–1265 (1999). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Wang, D. N. Wang, W. Jin, Y. Rao, and G. Peng, “Asymmetric long period fiber gratings fabricated by use of CO2 laser to carve periodic grooves on the optical fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(15), 151103 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. M. Vaziri and C. L. Chen, “Optical-fiber strain sensors with asymmetric etched structures,” Appl. Opt.32(31), 6399–6406 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited