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Scaling law for energy-momentum spectra of atomic photoelectronsHuiliang Ye, Yan Wu, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo »View Author Affiliations
Huiliang Ye,^{1}
Yan Wu,^{1}
Jingtao Zhang,^{1,}^{*}
and D.-S. Guo^{2}
^{1}State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optical and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China ^{2}Department of Physics, Southern University and A&M College, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70813, USA ^{*}Corresponding author: jtzhang@siom.ac.cn |
Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 21, pp. 20849-20856 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.020849
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Abstract
A scaling law which was used to classify photoelectron angular distributions (PADs) is now extended to photoelectron kinetic energy spectra. Both a theoretical proof and an independent verification are presented. Considering PADs are of photoelectron momentum spectra, this extension really extends the scaling law to the entire energy-momentum spectra. The scaling law for photoelectron energy-momentum spectra applies to both directly ionized and rescattered photoelectrons. Re-scaling experimental input parameters without loosing the physical essence with this scaling law may ease the experimental conditions and reduce the material and the energy consumptions in the experiments.
© 2011 OSA
OCIS Codes
(020.4180) Atomic and molecular physics : Multiphoton processes
(260.3230) Physical optics : Ionization
(270.6620) Quantum optics : Strong-field processes
ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics
History
Original Manuscript: August 9, 2011
Revised Manuscript: September 19, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 20, 2011
Published: October 5, 2011
Citation
Huiliang Ye, Yan Wu, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo, "Scaling law for energy-momentum spectra of atomic photoelectrons," Opt. Express 19, 20849-20856 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-21-20849
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References
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- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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- L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).
- X. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, Q. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Verification of a scaling law in few-cycle laser pulses,” Opt. Express13, 8708–8716 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Zhang, L. Bai, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “A scaling law of photoionization in few-cycle regime,” Opt. Express15, 7261–7268 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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- K. Yoshii, G. Miyaji, and K. Miyazaki, “Retrieving Angular Distributions of high-order harmonic generation from a single molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 013904 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
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- Yan Wu, Huiliang Ye, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo are preparing a manuscript to be called “Nonperturbative quantum electrodynamics theory of rescattering effect of photoelectrons in intense laser fields.”
- X. Hu, H. X. Wang, and D.-S. Guo, “Phased bessel functions,” Can. J. Phys.96, 863–870 (2008).
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrodinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm.174, 396–421 (2006) [CrossRef]
- H. G. Muller, “An efficient propagation scheme for the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in the velocity gauge,” Laser Phys.9, 138–148 (1999).
- K. J. Schafer and K.C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A42, 5794–5797 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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- D.-S. Guo, T. Åberg, and B. Crasemann, “Scattering theory of multiphoton ionization in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A40, 4997–5005 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Zhang, L. Bai, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “A scaling law of photoionization in few-cycle regime,” Opt. Express15, 7261–7268 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- X. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, Q. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Verification of a scaling law in few-cycle laser pulses,” Opt. Express13, 8708–8716 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrodinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm.174, 396–421 (2006) [CrossRef]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Chen, B. Zeng, X. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Wavelength scaling of high-order harmonic yield from an optically prepared excited state atom,” N. J. Phys.11, 113021 (2009). [CrossRef]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Chen, B. Zeng, X. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Wavelength scaling of high-order harmonic yield from an optically prepared excited state atom,” N. J. Phys.11, 113021 (2009). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- D.-S. Guo, T. Åberg, and B. Crasemann, “Scattering theory of multiphoton ionization in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A40, 4997–5005 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
- Y. Guo, P. Fu, Z.-C. Yan, J. Gong, and B. Wang, “Imaging the geometrical structure of the H2+ molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063408 (2009). [CrossRef]
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Y. Guo, P. Fu, Z.-C. Yan, J. Gong, and B. Wang, “Imaging the geometrical structure of the H2+ molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063408 (2009). [CrossRef]
- X. Hu, H. X. Wang, and D.-S. Guo, “Phased bessel functions,” Can. J. Phys.96, 863–870 (2008).
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- D.-S. Guo, T. Åberg, and B. Crasemann, “Scattering theory of multiphoton ionization in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A40, 4997–5005 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Yan Wu, Huiliang Ye, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo are preparing a manuscript to be called “Nonperturbative quantum electrodynamics theory of rescattering effect of photoelectrons in intense laser fields.”
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
- Y. Guo, P. Fu, Z.-C. Yan, J. Gong, and B. Wang, “Imaging the geometrical structure of the H2+ molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063408 (2009). [CrossRef]
- X. Hu, H. X. Wang, and D.-S. Guo, “Phased bessel functions,” Can. J. Phys.96, 863–870 (2008).
- K. L. Ishikawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation with independently controlled ionization and ponderomotive energy,” Phys. Rev. A80, 011807 (2009). [CrossRef]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. G. Muller and F. C. Kooiman, “Bunching and focusing of tunneling wave packets in enhancement of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81, 1207–1210 (1998). [CrossRef]
- D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrodinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm.174, 396–421 (2006) [CrossRef]
- K. J. Schafer and K.C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A42, 5794–5797 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Chen, B. Zeng, X. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Wavelength scaling of high-order harmonic yield from an optically prepared excited state atom,” N. J. Phys.11, 113021 (2009). [CrossRef]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. L. Ishikawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation with independently controlled ionization and ponderomotive energy,” Phys. Rev. A80, 011807 (2009). [CrossRef]
- K. Yoshii, G. Miyaji, and K. Miyazaki, “Retrieving Angular Distributions of high-order harmonic generation from a single molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 013904 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. Yoshii, G. Miyaji, and K. Miyazaki, “Retrieving Angular Distributions of high-order harmonic generation from a single molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 013904 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. G. Muller, “An efficient propagation scheme for the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in the velocity gauge,” Laser Phys.9, 138–148 (1999).
- H. G. Muller and F. C. Kooiman, “Bunching and focusing of tunneling wave packets in enhancement of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81, 1207–1210 (1998). [CrossRef]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the strong-field approximation: phase and temporal description,” Laser Phys.20, 1044–1050 (2010). [CrossRef]
- J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the strong-field approximation: phase and temporal description,” Laser Phys.20, 1044–1050 (2010). [CrossRef]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the strong-field approximation: phase and temporal description,” Laser Phys.20, 1044–1050 (2010). [CrossRef]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. R. Reiss, “Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system,” Phys. Rev. A22, 1786–1813 (1980). [CrossRef]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the strong-field approximation: phase and temporal description,” Laser Phys.20, 1044–1050 (2010). [CrossRef]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. J. Schafer and K.C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A42, 5794–5797 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. L. Ishikawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation with independently controlled ionization and ponderomotive energy,” Phys. Rev. A80, 011807 (2009). [CrossRef]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
- Y. Guo, P. Fu, Z.-C. Yan, J. Gong, and B. Wang, “Imaging the geometrical structure of the H2+ molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063408 (2009). [CrossRef]
- X. Hu, H. X. Wang, and D.-S. Guo, “Phased bessel functions,” Can. J. Phys.96, 863–870 (2008).
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- Yan Wu, Huiliang Ye, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo are preparing a manuscript to be called “Nonperturbative quantum electrodynamics theory of rescattering effect of photoelectrons in intense laser fields.”
- J. Chen, B. Zeng, X. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Wavelength scaling of high-order harmonic yield from an optically prepared excited state atom,” N. J. Phys.11, 113021 (2009). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, L. Bai, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “A scaling law of photoionization in few-cycle regime,” Opt. Express15, 7261–7268 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- X. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, Q. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Verification of a scaling law in few-cycle laser pulses,” Opt. Express13, 8708–8716 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
- Y. Guo, P. Fu, Z.-C. Yan, J. Gong, and B. Wang, “Imaging the geometrical structure of the H2+ molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063408 (2009). [CrossRef]
- Yan Wu, Huiliang Ye, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo are preparing a manuscript to be called “Nonperturbative quantum electrodynamics theory of rescattering effect of photoelectrons in intense laser fields.”
- K. Yoshii, G. Miyaji, and K. Miyazaki, “Retrieving Angular Distributions of high-order harmonic generation from a single molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 013904 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- J. Chen, B. Zeng, X. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Wavelength scaling of high-order harmonic yield from an optically prepared excited state atom,” N. J. Phys.11, 113021 (2009). [CrossRef]
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, L. Bai, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “A scaling law of photoionization in few-cycle regime,” Opt. Express15, 7261–7268 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- X. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, Q. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Verification of a scaling law in few-cycle laser pulses,” Opt. Express13, 8708–8716 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- Yan Wu, Huiliang Ye, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo are preparing a manuscript to be called “Nonperturbative quantum electrodynamics theory of rescattering effect of photoelectrons in intense laser fields.”
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
Can. J. Phys.
- X. Hu, H. X. Wang, and D.-S. Guo, “Phased bessel functions,” Can. J. Phys.96, 863–870 (2008).
Comp. Phys. Comm.
- D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrodinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm.174, 396–421 (2006) [CrossRef]
J. Phys. B
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
Laser Phys.
- H. G. Muller, “An efficient propagation scheme for the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in the velocity gauge,” Laser Phys.9, 138–148 (1999).
- J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the strong-field approximation: phase and temporal description,” Laser Phys.20, 1044–1050 (2010). [CrossRef]
N. J. Phys.
- J. Chen, B. Zeng, X. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Wavelength scaling of high-order harmonic yield from an optically prepared excited state atom,” N. J. Phys.11, 113021 (2009). [CrossRef]
Nat. Phys.
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
Nature (London)
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
Opt. Express
- X. Zhang, J. Zhang, L. Bai, Q. Gong, and Z. Xu, “Verification of a scaling law in few-cycle laser pulses,” Opt. Express13, 8708–8716 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Zhang, L. Bai, S. Gong, and Z. Xu, “A scaling law of photoionization in few-cycle regime,” Opt. Express15, 7261–7268 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Phys. Rev. A
- H. R. Reiss, “Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system,” Phys. Rev. A22, 1786–1813 (1980). [CrossRef]
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- K. L. Ishikawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation with independently controlled ionization and ponderomotive energy,” Phys. Rev. A80, 011807 (2009). [CrossRef]
- K. J. Schafer and K.C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A42, 5794–5797 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Y. Guo, P. Fu, Z.-C. Yan, J. Gong, and B. Wang, “Imaging the geometrical structure of the H2+ molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063408 (2009). [CrossRef]
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
- D.-S. Guo, T. Åberg, and B. Crasemann, “Scattering theory of multiphoton ionization in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A40, 4997–5005 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Phys. Rev. Lett.
- H. G. Muller and F. C. Kooiman, “Bunching and focusing of tunneling wave packets in enhancement of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81, 1207–1210 (1998). [CrossRef]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. Yoshii, G. Miyaji, and K. Miyazaki, “Retrieving Angular Distributions of high-order harmonic generation from a single molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 013904 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
Sov. Phys. JETP
- L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).
Other
- Yan Wu, Huiliang Ye, Jingtao Zhang, and D.-S. Guo are preparing a manuscript to be called “Nonperturbative quantum electrodynamics theory of rescattering effect of photoelectrons in intense laser fields.”
2011, Yoshii, Phys. Rev. Lett.
- K. Yoshii, G. Miyaji, and K. Miyazaki, “Retrieving Angular Distributions of high-order harmonic generation from a single molecule,” Phys. Rev. Lett.106, 013904 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- A. D. Shiner, B. E. Schmidt, C. Trallero-Herrero, H. J. Worner, S. Patchkovskii, P. B. Corkum, J-C. Kieffer, F. Legare, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Probing collective multi-electron dynamics in xenon with high-harmonic spectroscopy,” Nat. Phys.7, 464–467 (2011). [CrossRef]
- J. A. Pérez-Hernández, J. Ramos, L. Roso, and L. Plaja, “Harmonic generation beyond the strong-field approximation: phase and temporal description,” Laser Phys.20, 1044–1050 (2010). [CrossRef]
- B. Wang, Y. Guo, B. Zhang, Z. Zhao, Z.-C. Yan, and P. Fu, “Charge-distribution effect of imaging molecular structure by high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043402 (2010). [CrossRef]
- J. Chen, B. Zeng, X. Liu, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, “Wavelength scaling of high-order harmonic yield from an optically prepared excited state atom,” N. J. Phys.11, 113021 (2009). [CrossRef]
- A. D. Shiner, C. Trallero-Herrero, N. Kajumba, H.-C. Bandulet, D. Comtois, F. Legare, M. Giguere, J-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, and D. M. Villeneuve, “Wavelength scaling of high harmonic generation efficiency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.103, 073902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- K. L. Ishikawa, E. J. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Wavelength dependence of high-order harmonic generation with independently controlled ionization and ponderomotive energy,” Phys. Rev. A80, 011807 (2009). [CrossRef]
- S. Micheau, Z. Chen, A. T. Le, J. Rauschenberger, M. F. Kling, and C. D. Lin, “Accurate retrieval of target structures and laser parameters of few-cycle pulses from photoelectron momentum spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102, 073001 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- Y. Guo, P. Fu, Z.-C. Yan, J. Gong, and B. Wang, “Imaging the geometrical structure of the H2+ molecular ion by high-order above-threshold ionization in an intense laser field,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063408 (2009). [CrossRef]
- M. Okunishi, T. Morishita, G. Prumper, K. Shimada, C. D. Lin, S. Watanabe, and K. Ueda, “Experimental retrieval of target structure information from laser-induced rescattered photoelectron momentum distributions,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 143001 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- X. Hu, H. X. Wang, and D.-S. Guo, “Phased bessel functions,” Can. J. Phys.96, 863–870 (2008).
- R. Torres, N. Kajumba, J. G. Underwood, J. S. Robinson, S. TriTriBaker, J. W. G. Tisch, R. de Nalda, W. A. Bryan, R. Velotta, C. Altucci, I. C. E. Turcu, and J. P. Marangos, “Probing orbital structure of polyatomic molecules by high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203007 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- J. Tate, T. Auguste, H. G. Muller, P. Salieres, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling of wave-packet dynamics in an intense midinfrared field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 013901(2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- D. Bauer and P. Koval, “QPROP: A Schrodinger-solver for intense laser-atom interaction,” Comp. Phys. Comm.174, 396–421 (2006) [CrossRef]
- J. Itatani, J. Levesque, D. Zeidler, H. Niikura, H. Pepin, J. C. Kieffer, P.B. Corkum, and D.M. Villeneuve, “Tomographic imaging of molecular orbitals,” Nature (London)432, 867–871 (2004). [CrossRef]
- D.-S. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, and R. R. Freeman, “Practical scaling law for photoelectron angular distributions,” Phys. Rev. A68, 043404 (2003). [CrossRef]
- J. Zhang, W. Zhang, Z. Xu, X. Li, P. Fu, D.-S. Guo, and R. R. Freeman, “The calculation of photoelectron angular distributions with jet-like structure from scattering theory,” J. Phys. B35, 4809–4818 (2002). [CrossRef]
- H. G. Muller, “An efficient propagation scheme for the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in the velocity gauge,” Laser Phys.9, 138–148 (1999).
- H. G. Muller and F. C. Kooiman, “Bunching and focusing of tunneling wave packets in enhancement of high-order above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.81, 1207–1210 (1998). [CrossRef]
- K. J. Schafer and K.C. Kulander, “Energy analysis of time-dependent wave functions: Application to above-threshold ionization,” Phys. Rev. A42, 5794–5797 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- D.-S. Guo, T. Åberg, and B. Crasemann, “Scattering theory of multiphoton ionization in strong fields,” Phys. Rev. A40, 4997–5005 (1989). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
- H. R. Reiss, “Effect of an intense electromagnetic field on a weakly bound system,” Phys. Rev. A22, 1786–1813 (1980). [CrossRef]
- L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP20, 1307–1314 (1965).
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