OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 22 — Oct. 24, 2011
  • pp: 22280–22291

Whispering gallery mode resonators with J-aggregates

Dzmitry Melnikau, Diana Savateeva, Andrey Chuvilin, Rainer Hillenbrand, and Yury P. Rakovich  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 22, pp. 22280-22291 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1988 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We have studied the optical properties of a hybrid system consisting of cyanine dye J-aggregates attached to a spherical microcavity. A periodic structure of narrow peaks was observed in the photoluminescence spectrum of the J-aggregates, arising from the coupling between the emission of J-aggregates and the whispering gallery modes (WGMs) of the microcavity. The most striking result of our study is the observation of polarization sensitive mode damping caused by re-absorption of J-aggregate emission. This effect manifests itself in dominating emission from TM modes in the spectral region of J-aggregates absorption band where the TE modes are strongly suppressed. In contrast, the TE modes totally dominate emission spectrum in the region where absorption is negligible. We also demonstrate that the emission intensity can be further enhanced by depositing a hybrid layer of J-aggregates and Ag nanoparticles onto the spherical microcavity. Owing to the concerted action of WGMs and plasmonic hot spots in the Ag aggregates, we observe an enhanced Raman signal from the J-aggregates. Microcavities covered by J-aggregates and plasmonic nanoparticles could be thus useful for a variety of photonic applications in basic science and technology.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.4780) Lasers and laser optics : Optical resonators
(170.4520) Medical optics and biotechnology : Optical confinement and manipulation
(230.3990) Optical devices : Micro-optical devices
(240.6695) Optics at surfaces : Surface-enhanced Raman scattering

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics Devices

Original Manuscript: July 20, 2011
Revised Manuscript: September 16, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: September 19, 2011
Published: October 24, 2011

Virtual Issues
Collective Phenomena (2011) Optics Express

Dzmitry Melnikau, Diana Savateeva, Andrey Chuvilin, Rainer Hillenbrand, and Yury P. Rakovich, "Whispering gallery mode resonators with J-aggregates," Opt. Express 19, 22280-22291 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. S. Arnold, “Microspheres, Photonic Atoms and the Physics of Nothing,” Am. Sci. 89, 414–421 (2001).
  2. Y. P. Rakovich and J. F. Donegan, “Photonic atoms and molecules,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(2), 179–191 (2010). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Kobayashi, ed., J-Aggregates (World Scientific, 1996).
  4. N. T. Fofang, T.-H. Park, O. Neumann, N. A. Mirin, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Plexcitonic Nanoparticles: Plasmon-Exciton Coupling in Nanoshell-J-Aggregate Complexes,” Nano Lett. 8(10), 3481–3487 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Yamaguchi, T. Niimi, M. Haraguchi, T. Okamoto, and M. Fukui, “Fabrication and Optical Evaluation of Silica Microsphere Coated with J-Aggregates,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(8B), 6750–6753 (2006). [CrossRef]
  6. A. S. Susha, F. Caruso, A. L. Rogach, G. B. Sukhorukov, A. Kornowski, H. Möhwald, M. Giersig, A. Eychmüller, and H. Weller, “Formation of luminescent spherical core-shell particles by the consecutive adsorption of polyelectrolyte and CdTe(S) nanocrystals on latex colloids,” Colloids Surf. A 163(1), 39–44 (2000). [CrossRef]
  7. G. Decher and J. B. Schlenoff, Multilayer Thin Films: Sequential Assembly of Nanocomposite Materials (Wiley-VCH,Weinheim, 2002).
  8. C. Peyratout, C. Donath, and L. Daehne, “Electrostatic interactions of cationic dyes with negatively charged polyelectrolytes in aqueous solution,” J. Photochem. Photobiol., A 142(1), 51–57 (2001). [CrossRef]
  9. F. C. Spano, “The Spectral Signatures of Frenkel Polarons in H- and J-Aggregates,” Acc. Chem. Res. 43(3), 429–439 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Akutagawa, K. Miyasue, T. Sekiya, S. Kurita, M. Nakajima, and T. Suemoto, “Time resolved response of luminescence on cyanine dye J-aggregate,” Phys. Status Solidi C 3(10), 3404–3407 (2006). [CrossRef]
  11. F. C. Spano and S. Mukamel, “Superradiance in molecular aggregates,” J. Chem. Phys. 91(2), 683–700 (1989). [CrossRef]
  12. E. W. Knapp, “Lineshapes of molecular aggregates, exchange narrowing and intersite correlation,” Chem. Phys. 85, 73–82 (1984).
  13. M.-L. Horng and E. L. Quitevis, “Visible Absorption Spectroscopy and Structure of Cyanine Dimers in Aqueous Solution,” J. Chem. Educ. 77(5), 637–639 (2000). [CrossRef]
  14. A. I. Plekhanov and V. V. Shelkovnikov, “Optical Constants of Nanofilms of J Aggregates of Organic dyes, Measured by Spectral Ellipsometry and Polarization Reflectometry,” Opt. Spectrosc. 104(4), 545–551 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. I. Teraoka and S. Arnold, “Enhancing the sensitivity of a whispering-gallery mode microsphere sensor by a high-refractive-index surface layer,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(7), 1434–1441 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. C. C. Lam, P. T. Leung, and K. Young, “Explicit asymptotic formulas for the positions, width and strength of resonances in Mie scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9(9), 1585–1992 (1992). [CrossRef]
  17. V. Chernyak, T. Meier, E. Tsiper, and S. Mukamel, “Scaling of Fluorescence Stokes Shift and Superradiance Coherence Size in Disordered Molecular Aggregates,” J. Phys. Chem. A 103(49), 10294–10299 (1999). [CrossRef]
  18. S. Juodkazis, K. Fujiwara, T. Takahashi, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, “Morphology-dependent resonant laser emission of dye-doped ellipsoidal microcavity,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(3), 916–921 (2002). [CrossRef]
  19. P. G. Schiro and A. S. Kwok, “Cavity-enhanced emission from a dye-coated microsphere,” Opt. Express 12(13), 2857–2863 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. Y. P. Rakovich, L. Yang, E. M. McCabe, J. F. Donegan, T. Perova, A. Moore, N. Gaponik, and A. Rogach, “Whispering Gallery Mode Emission from a Composite System of CdTe Nanocrystals and a Spherical Microcavity,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 18(11), 914–918 (2003). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Götzinger, L. de S. Menezes, O. Benson, D.V. Talapin, N. Gaponik, H. Weller, A.L. Rogach, and V. Sandoghdar, “Confocal microscopy and spectroscopy of nanocrystals on a high-Q microsphere resonator,” J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclassical Opt. 6, 154–158 (2004).
  22. M. V. Artemyev and U. Woggon, “Quantum dots in photonic dots,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(11), 1353–1355 (2000). [CrossRef]
  23. S. Schietinger and O. Benson, “Coupling single NV-centres to high-Q whispering gallery modes of a preselected frequency-matched microresonator,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 42(11), 114001 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. V. R. Dantham and P. B. Bisht, “Modification of radiative rates of molecules coated on a single microcavity by evanescent coupling of whispering gallery modes,” Eur. Phys. J. Appl. Phys. 51(2), 20902 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. S. Holler, N. L. Goddard, and S. Arnold, “Spontaneous emission spectra from microdroplets,” J. Chem. Phys. 108(16), 6545–6547 (1998). [CrossRef]
  26. H. von Berlepsch, C. Bottcher, and L. Dahne, “Structure of J-Aggregates of Pseudoisocyanine Dye in Aqueous Solution,” J. Phys. Chem. B 104(37), 8792–8799 (2000). [CrossRef]
  27. B. Herzog, K. Huber, and H. Stegemeyer, “Aggregation of a Pseudoisocyanine Chloride in Aqueous NaCl Solution,” Langmuir 19(13), 5223–5232 (2003). [CrossRef]
  28. W. Kim, V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, and R. L. Armstrong, “Fractals in Microcavities: Giant Coupled, Multiplicative Enhancement of Optical Responses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(24), 4811–4814 (1999). [CrossRef]
  29. I. M. White, J. G. Gohring, and X. Fan, “SERS-based detection in an optofluidic ring resonator platform,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17433–17442 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. I. M. White, H. Oveys, and X. D. Fan, “Increasing the enhancement of SERS with dielectric microsphere resonators,” Spectroscopy 21, 1–5 (2006).
  31. B. Trösken, F. Willig, K. Schwarzburg, A. Ehret, and M. Spitler, “The primary steps in photography: Excited J-aggregates on AgBr Microcrystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 7, 448–450 (1995). [CrossRef]
  32. E. C. Le Ru and P. G. Etchegoin, Principles of Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (Elsevier, 2009).
  33. C. Guo, M. Aydin, H.-R. Zhu, and D. L. Akins, “Density Functional Theory Used in Structure Determinations and Raman Band Assignments for Pseudoisocyanine and its Aggregate,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(21), 5447–5454 (2002). [CrossRef]
  34. L. K. Ausman and G. C. Schatz, “Whispering-gallery mode resonators: Surface enhanced Raman scattering without plasmons,” J. Chem. Phys. 129(5), 054704 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited