OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 24 — Nov. 21, 2011
  • pp: 23643–23651

Two-dimensional PPLN for simultaneous laser Q-switching and optical parametric oscillation in a Nd:YVO4 laser

W. K. Chang, Y. H. Chen, H. H. Chang, J. W. Chang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Y. Lin, Y. C. Huang, and S. T. Lin  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 24, pp. 23643-23651 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1138 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on a tunable intracavity optical parametric oscillator (IOPO) achieved using a two-dimensional (2D) periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) as simultaneously an electro-optic (EO) Bragg Q-switch and an optical frequency mixer (OFM) in a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser. The 2D periodic domain inversion structure is designed to provide two orthogonal reciprocal vectors to respectively satisfy the phase-matching conditions required by the two quasi-phase-matching devices (i.e., the PPLN EO Bragg deflector and the PPLN OFM). At a ~140-V Q-switching voltage and a 1-kHz switching rate, we obtained a signal wave at 1550 nm with a pulse energy of 9.7 μJ (corresponding to a peak power of ~2.4 kW) from the IOPO at 9.1-W diode pump power. Simultaneously we also observed multi-wavelength generation from the system originating in the single-pass parametric conversions in the 2D nonlinear photonic crystal structure. Temperature tuning of the IOPO signal wavelength in the eye-safe region was also demonstrated.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3540) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, Q-switched
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers
(230.2090) Optical devices : Electro-optical devices

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

Original Manuscript: September 26, 2011
Revised Manuscript: October 28, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: October 30, 2011
Published: November 7, 2011

W. K. Chang, Y. H. Chen, H. H. Chang, J. W. Chang, C. Y. Chen, Y. Y. Lin, Y. C. Huang, and S. T. Lin, "Two-dimensional PPLN for simultaneous laser Q-switching and optical parametric oscillation in a Nd:YVO4 laser," Opt. Express 19, 23643-23651 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, “Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B12(11), 2102–2116 (1995). [CrossRef]
  2. A. Dubois, S. Victori, T. Lépine, P. Georges, and A. Brun, “High-repetition-rate eyesafe intracavity optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B67(2), 181–183 (1998). [CrossRef]
  3. J. Falk, J. M. Yarborough, and E. O. Ammann, “Internal optical parametric oscillation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.7(7), 359–369 (1971). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Taira and T. Kobayashi, “Intracavity frequency doubling and Q switching in diode-laser-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers,” Appl. Opt.34(21), 4298–4301 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. H. Chen, Y. C. Chang, C. H. Lin, and T. Y. Chung, “Diode-pumped, actively internal-Q-switched Nd:MgO:PPLN laser,” Opt. Express16(3), 2048–2055 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Y. Fan, A. Cordova-Plaza, M. J. F. Digonnet, R. L. Byer, and H. J. Shaw, “Nd:MgO:LiNbO3 spectroscopy and laser devices,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B3(1), 140–148 (1986). [CrossRef]
  7. Y. H. Chen, Y. Y. Lin, C. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, “Monolithic quasi-phase-matched nonlinear crystal for simultaneous laser Q switching and parametric oscillation in a Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett.30(9), 1045–1047 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. Gnewuch, C. N. Pannell, G. W. Ross, P. G. R. Smith, and H. Geiger, “Nanosecond response of Bragg deflectors in periodically poled LiNbO3,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(12), 1730–1732 (1998). [CrossRef]
  9. C. Y. Huang, C. H. Lin, Y. H. Chen, and Y. C. Huang, “Electro-optic Ti:PPLN waveguide as efficient optical wavelength filter and polarization mode converter,” Opt. Express15(5), 2548–2554 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Y. Lin, S. T. Lin, G. W. Chang, A. C. Chiang, Y. C. Huang, and Y. H. Chen, “Electro-optic periodically poled lithium niobate Bragg modulator as a laser Q-switch,” Opt. Lett.32(5), 545–547 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. H. Chen and Y. C. Huang, “Actively Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser using an electro-optic periodically poled lithium niobate crystal as a laser Q-switch,” Opt. Lett.28(16), 1460–1462 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. T. Lin, G. W. Chang, Y. Y. Lin, Y. C. Huang, A. C. Chiang, and Y. H. Chen, “Monolithically integrated laser Bragg Q-switch and wavelength converter in a PPLN crystal,” Opt. Express15(25), 17093–17098 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Yariv, “Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave optics,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.9(9), 919–933 (1973). [CrossRef]
  14. D. H. Jundt, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett.22(20), 1553–1555 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. E. Myers, Quasi-Phasematched Optical Parametric Oscillators in Bulk Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate (Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, 1995).
  16. T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, and M. Papuchon, “Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: study of the dynamics in pulsed regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B13(7), 1569–1587 (1996). [CrossRef]
  17. L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Quasi-phase-matched 1064-µm-pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett.20(1), 52–54 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. H. C. Liu and A. H. Kung, “Substantial gain enhancement for optical parametric amplification and oscillation in two-dimensional χ(2) nonlinear photonic crystals,” Opt. Express16(13), 9714–9725 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited