OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 25 — Dec. 5, 2011
  • pp: 24884–24889

Paper terahertz wave plates

Benedikt Scherger, Maik Scheller, Nico Vieweg, Steven T. Cundiff, and Martin Koch  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 25, pp. 24884-24889 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2204 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a low-cost terahertz wave plate based on form birefringence fabricated using ordinary paper. Measurements of the transfer function of the wave plate between polarizers closely agree with predictions based on the measured complex indices of refraction of the effective medium. For the design frequency, the dependence on wave plate angle also agrees with theory.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(260.5430) Physical optics : Polarization
(300.6495) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, teraherz

ToC Category:
Optical Devices

Original Manuscript: September 16, 2011
Revised Manuscript: October 21, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 2, 2011
Published: November 21, 2011

Benedikt Scherger, Maik Scheller, Nico Vieweg, Steven T. Cundiff, and Martin Koch, "Paper terahertz wave plates," Opt. Express 19, 24884-24889 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. P. U. Jepsen, D. Cooke, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy and imaging – Modern techniques and applications,” Laser Photon. Rev. 5(1), 124–166 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. D. M. Mittleman, Sensing with Terahertz Radiation (Springer, 2003).
  3. R. Ulbricht, E. Henry, J. Shan, T. F. Heinz, and M. Bonn, “Carrier dynamics in semiconductors studied with time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 83(2), 543–586 (2011). [CrossRef]
  4. S. Chatterjee, T. Grunwald, D. Köhler, K. Pierz, D. Golde, M. Kira, and S. W. Koch, “THz measurements of the optical response in a two-dimensional electron gas,” Phys. Stat. Solidi C 6(2), 453–456 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. R. Huber, F. Tauser, A. Brodschelm, M. Bichler, G. Abstreiter, and A. Leitenstorfer, “How many-particle interactions develop after ultrafast excitation of an electron-hole plasma,” Nature 414(6861), 286–289 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Vieweg, M. K. Shakfa, B. Scherger, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “THz Properties of Nematic Liquid Crystals,” J. Infrared Milli Terahz Waves 31(11), 1312–1320 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. D. Grischkowsky, S. R. Keiding, M. van Exter, and C. Fattinger, “Far-infrared time-domain spectroscopy with terahertz beams of dielectrics and semicondcutors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7(10), 2006–2015 (1990). [CrossRef]
  8. Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, “Ultrafast electo-optic field sensors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(12), 1604–1606 (1996). [CrossRef]
  9. A. H. F. van Vliet and Th. de Graauw, “Quarter wave plates for submillimeter wavelengths,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 2(3), 465–477 (1981). [CrossRef]
  10. J.-B. Masson and G. Gallot, “Terahertz achromatic quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 265–267 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C.-F. Hsieh, R.-P. Pan, T.-T. Tang, H.-L. Chen, and C.-L. Pan, “Voltage-controlled liquid-crystal terahertz phase shifter and quarter-wave plate,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1112–1114 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Reid and R. Fedosejevs, “Terahertz birefringence and attenuation properties of wood and paper,” Appl. Opt. 45(12), 2766–2772 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. C. Flanders, “Submicrometer periodicity gratings as artificial anisotropic dielectrics,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 42(6), 492–494 (1983). [CrossRef]
  14. R. C. Enger and S. K. Case, “Optical elements with ultrahigh spatial-frequency surface corrugations,” Appl. Opt. 22(20), 3220–3228 (1983). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. L. H. Cescato, E. Gluch, and N. Streibl, “Holographic quarterwave plates,” Appl. Opt. 29(22), 3286–3290 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. B. Päivänranta, N. Passilly, J. Pietarinen, P. Laakkonen, M. Kuittinen, and J. Tervo, “Low-cost fabrication of form-birefringent quarter-wave plates,” Opt. Express 16(21), 16334–16342 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. C. Saha, Y. Ma, J. P. Grant, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Low-loss terahertz artificial dielectric birefringent quarter-wave plates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(2), 79–81 (2010). [CrossRef]
  18. M. Scheller, C. Jördens, and M. Koch, “Terahertz form birefringence,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10137–10142 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. C. Strikwerda, K. Fan, H. Tao, D. V. Pilon, X. Zhang, and R. D. Averitt, “Comparison of birefringent electric split-ring resonator and meanderline structures as quarter-wave plates at terahertz frequencies,” Opt. Express 17(1), 136–149 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. P. Weis, O. Paul, C. Imhof, R. Beigang, and M. Rahm, “Strongly birefringent metamaterials as negative index terahertz wave plates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(17), 171104 (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. C. Jördens, M. Scheller, S. Wietzke, D. Romeike, C. Jansen, T. Zentgraf, K. Wiesauer, and M. Koch, “Terahertz spectroscopy to study the orientation of glass fibres in reinforced plastics,” Compos. Sci. Technol. 70(3), 472–477 (2010). [CrossRef]
  22. I. Pupeza, R. Wilk, and M. Koch, “Highly accurate optical material parameter determination with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 15(7), 4335–4350 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. M. Scheller, C. Jansen, and M. Koch, “Analyzing sub-100-μm samples with transmission terahertz time domain spectroscopy,” Opt. Commun. 282(7), 1304–1306 (2009). [CrossRef]
  24. B. Scherger, C. Jördens, and M. Koch, “Variable-focus terahertz lens,” Opt. Express 19(5), 4528–4535 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited