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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 27 — Dec. 19, 2011
  • pp: 26106–26116

Birefringent porous silicon membranes for optical sensing

Jesús Álvarez, Paolo Bettotti, Isaac Suárez, Neeraj Kumar, Daniel Hill, Vladimir Chirvony, Lorenzo Pavesi, and Juan Martínez-Pastor  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 27, pp. 26106-26116 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.026106


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Abstract

In this work anisotropic porous silicon is investigated as a material for optical sensing. Birefringence and sensitivity of the anisotropic porous silicon membranes are thoroughly studied in the framework of Bruggeman model which is extended to incorporate the influence of environment effects, such as silicon oxidation. The membranes were also characterized optically demonstrating sensitivity as high as 1245 nm/RIU at 1500 nm. This experimental value only agrees with the theory when it takes into consideration the effect of silicon oxidation. Furthermore we demonstrate that oxidized porous silicon membranes have optical parameters with long term stability. Finally, we developed a new model to determine the contribution of the main depolarization sources to the overall depolarization process, and how it influences the measured spectra and the resolution of birefringence measurements.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(260.1440) Physical optics : Birefringence
(280.4788) Remote sensing and sensors : Optical sensing and sensors
(290.5855) Scattering : Scattering, polarization

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: July 11, 2011
Revised Manuscript: October 7, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: October 31, 2011
Published: December 7, 2011

Citation
Jesús Álvarez, Paolo Bettotti, Isaac Suárez, Neeraj Kumar, Daniel Hill, Vladimir Chirvony, Lorenzo Pavesi, and Juan Martínez-Pastor, "Birefringent porous silicon membranes for optical sensing," Opt. Express 19, 26106-26116 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-27-26106


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