OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 27 — Dec. 19, 2011
  • pp: 26429–26443

A new parameterization of spectral and broadband ocean surface albedo

Zhonghai Jin, Yanli Qiao, Yingjian Wang, Yonghua Fang, and Weining Yi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 27, pp. 26429-26443 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1763 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A simple yet accurate parameterization of spectral and broadband ocean surface albedo has been developed. To facilitate the parameterization and its applications, the albedo is parameterized for the direct and diffuse incident radiation separately, and then each of them is further divided into two components: the contributions from surface and water, respectively. The four albedo components are independent of each other, hence, altering one will not affect the others. Such a designed parameterization scheme is flexible for any future update. Users can simply replace any of the adopted empirical formulations (e.g., the relationship between foam reflectance and wind speed) as desired without a need to change the parameterization scheme. The parameterization is validated by in situ measurements and can be easily implemented into a climate or radiative transfer model.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(000.2700) General : General science
(010.0010) Atmospheric and oceanic optics : Atmospheric and oceanic optics
(350.5610) Other areas of optics : Radiation

ToC Category:
Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics

Original Manuscript: September 16, 2011
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: November 21, 2011
Published: December 12, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 2 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Zhonghai Jin, Yanli Qiao, Yingjian Wang, Yonghua Fang, and Weining Yi, "A new parameterization of spectral and broadband ocean surface albedo," Opt. Express 19, 26429-26443 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. Z. Jin, T. P. Charlock, K. Rutledge, K. Stamnes, and Y. Wang, “Analytical solution of radiative transfer in the coupled atmosphere-ocean system with a rough surface,” Appl. Opt. 45(28), 7443–7455 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. P. Briegleb, P. Minnis, V. Ramanathan, and E. Harrison, “Comparison of regional clear-sky albedos inferred from satellite observations and model computations,” J. Clim. Appl. Meteorol. 25(2), 214–226 (1986). [CrossRef]
  3. J. G. Hansen, D. Russell, D. Rind, P. Stone, A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. Ruedy, and L. Travis, “Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: Models I and II,” Mon. Weather Rev. 111(4), 609–662 (1983). [CrossRef]
  4. J. P. Taylor, J. M. Edwards, M. D. Glew, P. Hignett, and A. Slingo, “Studies with a flexible new radiation code. II: Comparisons with aircraft shortwave observations,” Q. J. R. Metro, Soc. 122, 839–861 (1996).
  5. Z. Jin, T. Charlock, W. Smith, and K. Rutledge, “A parameterization of ocean surface albedo.” Geophys. Res. Let. 31, L22301, doi:. [CrossRef]
  6. C. Cox and W. Munk, “Measurement of the roughness of the sea surface from photographs of the sun’s glitter,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 44(11), 838–850 (1954). [CrossRef]
  7. E. Hecht, Optics, Second Edition (Addison Wesley, 1990).
  8. D. A. Freedman, Statistical Models: Theory and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2005).
  9. M. G. Robert, Second-Semester Applied Statistics (Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 2004).
  10. H. C. Van de Hulst, Multiple Light Scattering: Tables, Formulas, and Applications (Academic Press, 1980).
  11. A. Morel and S. Maritorena, “Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal,” J. Geophys. Res. 106(C4), 7163–7180 (2001). [CrossRef]
  12. J. T. O. Kirk, “Dependence of relationship between inherent and apparent optical properties of water on solar altitude,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 29(2), 350–356 (1984). [CrossRef]
  13. A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters: its dependence on Sun angle as influenced by the molecular scattering contribution,” Appl. Opt. 30(30), 4427–4438 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. Koepke, “Effective reflectance of oceanic whitecaps,” Appl. Opt. 23(11), 1816–1824 (1984). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. R. Frouin, M. Schwindling, and P.-Y. Deschamps, “Spectral reflectance of sea foam in the visible and near-infrared: In situ measurements and remote sensing implications,” J. Geophys. Res. 101(C6), 14,361–14,371 (1996), doi:. [CrossRef]
  16. K. D. Moore, K. J. Voss, and H. R. Gordon, “Spectral reflectance of whitecaps: Their contribution to water-leaving radiance,” J. Geophys. Res. 105(C3), 6493–6499 (2000), doi:. [CrossRef]
  17. C. K. Rutledge, G. L. Schuster, T. P. Charlock, F. M. Denn, W. L. Smith, B. E. Fabbri, J. J. Madigan, and R. J. Knapp, “Offshore radiation observations for climate research at the CERES Ocean Validation Experiment,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 87(9), 1211–1222 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. Z. Jin, T. P. Charlock, K. Rutledge, G. Cota, R. Kahn, J. Redemann, T. Zhang, D. A. Rutan, and F. Rose, “Radiative Transfer Modeling for the CLAMS Experiment,” J. Atmos. Sci. 62, 1052–1070 (2005).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Supplementary Material

» Media 1: TXT (2 KB)     
» Media 2: TXT (4 KB)     
» Media 3: TXT (0 KB)     
» Media 4: TXT (9 KB)     

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited