OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 3 — Jan. 31, 2011
  • pp: 2111–2119

Steady optical spectra and light propagation dynamics in cold atomic samples with homogeneous or inhomogeneous densities

Yan Zhang, Yan Xue, Gang Wang, Cui-Li Cui, Rong Wang, and Jin-Hui Wu  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 2111-2119 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.002111


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (845 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We study both steady and dynamic optical responses of three samples with the same amounts of cold atoms but very different density functions. These samples are driven into the regime of electromagnetically induced transparency by a probe and a coupling in the Lambda configuration. When the coupling is in the traveling-wave pattern, all samples have the same transmission spectra and therefore identical transmitted pulses at the sample exits. In the case of a standing-wave coupling, however, very different reflection and transmission spectra are found for the three samples. Accordingly, reflected pulses at the sample entrances and transmitted pulses at the sample exits are quite sensitive to the spatial inhomogeneity of cold atoms. These interesting phenomena are qualitatively analyzed in terms of constructive and destructive interference between forward and backward probe photons scattered by a standing-wave atomic grating.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(160.5293) Materials : Photonic bandgap materials

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: September 27, 2010
Revised Manuscript: November 29, 2010
Manuscript Accepted: January 8, 2011
Published: January 20, 2011

Citation
Yan Zhang, Yan Xue, Gang Wang, Cui-Li Cui, Rong Wang, and Jin-Hui Wu, "Steady optical spectra and light propagation dynamics in cold atomic samples with homogeneous or inhomogeneous densities," Opt. Express 19, 2111-2119 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-3-2111


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. E. Harris, “Electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Today 50(7), 36–42 (1997). [CrossRef]
  2. M. Fleischhauer, A. Imamoglu, and J. P. Marangos, “Electromagnetically induced transparency: optics in coherent media,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 77, 633–673 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. H. Schmidt and A. Imamoglu, “Giant Kerr nonlinearities obtained by electromagnetically induced transparency,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1936–1938 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. A. Braje, V. Balic, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Low-light-level nonlinear optics with slow light,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 041801 (2003). [CrossRef]
  5. S.-J. Li, X.-D. Yang, X.-M. Cao, C.-H. Zhang, C.-D. Xie, and H. Wang, “Enhanced cross-phase modulation based on a double electromagnetically induced transparency in a four-level tripod atomic system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 073602 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Hang and G.-X. Huang, “Giant Kerr nonlinearity and weak-light superluminal optical solitons in a four-state atomic system with gain doublet,” Opt. Express 18, 2952–2966 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, “Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas,” Nature 397, 594–598 (1999). [CrossRef]
  8. A. V. Turukhin, V. S. Sudarshanam, M. S. Shahriar, J. A. Musser, B. S. Ham, and P. Hemmer, “Observation of ultraslow and stored light pulses in a solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 023602 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C.-L. Cui, J.-K. Jia, J.-W. Gao, Y. Xue, G. Wang, and J.-H. Wu, “Ultraslow and superluminal light propagation in a four-level atomic system,” Phys. Rev. A 76, 033815 (2007). [CrossRef]
  10. C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, “Observation of coherent optical information storage in an atomic medium using halted light pulsed,” Nature 409, 490–493 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, “Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories,” Nature 438, 833–836 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Z. Li, D.-Z. Cao, and K. Wang, “Manipulating synchronous optical signals with a double-Λ atomic ensemble,” Phys. Lett. A 341, 366–370 (2005). [CrossRef]
  13. R. Pugatch, M. Shuker, O. Firstenberg, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, “Topological stability of stored optical vortices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 203601 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. S. Choi, H. Deng, J. Laurat, and H. J. Kimble, “Mapping photonic entanglement into and out of a quantum memory,” Nature 452, 67–71 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Andre and M. D. Lukin, “Manipulating light pulses via dynamically controlled photonic band gap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 143602 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. X.-M. Su and B. S. Ham, “Dynamic control of the photonic band gap using quantum coherence,” Phys. Rev. A 71, 013821 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Artoni and G. C. La Rocca, “Optically tunable photonic stop bands in homogeneous absorbing media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 073905 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S.-Q. Kuang, R.-G. Wan, P. Du, Y. Jiang, and J.-Y. Gao, “Transmission and reflection of electromagnetically induced absorption grating in homogeneous atomic media,” Opt. Express 16, 15455–15462 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J.-H. Wu, G. C. La Rocca, and M. Artoni, “Controlled light-pulse propagation in driven color centers in diamond,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 113106 (2008). [CrossRef]
  20. M. Bajcsy, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, “Stationary pulses of light in an atomic medium,” Nature 426, 638–641 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. K. R. Hansen and K. Molmer, “Trapping of light pulses in ensembles of stationary Λ atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 75, 053802 (2007). [CrossRef]
  22. Y.-W. Lin, W.-T. Liao, T. Peters, H.-C. Chou, J.-S. Wang, H.-W. Cho, P.-C. Kuan, and I. A. Yu, “Stationary light pulses in cold atomic media and without bragg gratings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 213601 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. Otterbach, R. G. Unanyan, and M. Fleischhauer, “Confining stationary light: dirac dynamics and klein tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 063602 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J.-H. Wu, M. Artoni, and G. C. La Rocca, “Decay of stationary light pulses in ultracold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 033822 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. J.-H. Wu, M. Artoni, and G. C. La Rocca, “All-optical light confinement in dynamic cavities in cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 133601 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. J.-W. Gao, J.-H. Wu, N. Ba, C.-L. Cui, and X.-X. Tian, “Efficient all-optical routing using dynamically induced transparency windows and photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. A 81, 013804 (2010). [CrossRef]
  27. H.-W. Cho, Y.-C. He, T. Peters, Y.-H. Chen, H.-C. Chen, S.-C. Lin, Y.-C. Lee, and I. A. Yu, “Direct measurement of the atom number in a Bose condensate,” Opt. Express 15, 12114–12122 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Y.-W. Lin, H.-C. Chou, P. P. Dwivedi, Y.-H. Chen, and I. A. Yu, “Using a pair of rectangular coils in the MOT for the production of cold atom clouds with large optical density,” Opt. Express 16, 3753–3761 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. M. Artoni, G. La Rocca, and F. Bassani, “Resonantly absorbing one-dimensional photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72, 046604 (2005). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited