OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 3 — Jan. 31, 2011
  • pp: 2670–2675

Single-photon position to time multiplexing using a fiber array

Ryan E. Warburton, Frauke Izdebski, Christian Reimer, Jonathan Leach, David G. Ireland, Miles Padgett, and Gerald S. Buller  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 2670-2675 (2011)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (923 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



A 1 x 8 fiber array is used as the front-end of a receiver system. Each channel has a different length of fiber, resulting in each channel signal arriving at the detector at a pre-determined interval relative to a constant repetitive frequency signal. We demonstrate that these eight channels can be efficiently coupled to an individual single-photon detector such that the arrival-time of a photon in each is distinguishable from the next. Thus, we demonstrate spatial position to time information exchange, resulting in a photon-counting array using a single detector. The receiver system could be implemented in numerous applications, including time-resolved photoluminescence, low-light level spectroscopy and quantum information processing.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.1240) Detectors : Arrays
(270.5570) Quantum optics : Quantum detectors

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

Original Manuscript: September 22, 2010
Revised Manuscript: January 17, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 23, 2011
Published: January 27, 2011

Ryan E. Warburton, Frauke Izdebski, Christian Reimer, Jonathan Leach, David G. Ireland, Miles Padgett, and Gerald S. Buller, "Single-photon position to time multiplexing using a fiber array," Opt. Express 19, 2670-2675 (2011)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. L. Zhang, L. Neves, J. S. Lundeen, and I. A. Walmsley, “A Characterization of the Single-photon Sensitivity of an Electron Multiplying Charge-Coupled Device,” J. Phys. B 42(11), 114011 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Zappa, S. Tisa, S. Cova, P. Maccagnani, D. B. Calia, R. Saletti, R. Roncella, G. Bonanno, and M. Belluso, “Single-Photon Avalanche Diode Arrays for Fast Transients and Adaptive Optics,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 55(1), 365–374 (2006). [CrossRef]
  3. A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, “Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(12), 123601 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. H. Dautet, P. Deschamps, B. Dion, A. D. Macgregor, D. Macsween, R. J. McIntyre, C. Trottier, and P. P. Webb, “Photon counting techniques with silicon avalanche photodiodes,” Appl. Opt. 32(21), 3894–3900 (1993). [PubMed]
  5. S. Cova, A. Longoni, and A. Andreoni, “Towards picosecond resolution with single-photon avalanche diodes,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52(3), 408–412 (1981). [CrossRef]
  6. G. S. Buller and R. J. Collins, “Single–photon generation and detection,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21(1), 012002 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. C. E. Shannon, “A mathematical theory of communication,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 27, 379 (1948).
  8. Y. Hiraoka, T. Shimi, and T. Haraguchi, “Multispectral imaging fluorescence microscopy for living cells,” Cell Struct. Funct. 27(5), 367–374 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. J. Field, R. Carriles, and J. Squier, “Photon-Counting Photobleaching Measurements and the Effect of Dispersion in Two-Photon Microscopy,” Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference, Optical Society of America, JTuD58, (2009)
  10. A. McCarthy, R. J. Collins, N. J. Krichel, V. Fernández, A. M. Wallace, and G. S. Buller, “Long-range time-of-flight scanning sensor based on high-speed time-correlated single-photon counting,” Appl. Opt. 48(32), 6241–6251 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M. N. O’Sullivan-Hale, I. A. Khan, R. W. Boyd, and J. C. Howell, “Pixel entanglement: experimental realization of optically entangled d=3 and d=6 qudits,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(22), 220501 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited