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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 7 — Mar. 28, 2011
  • pp: 6724–6740

Polarization-entangled photon pairs from a periodically poled crystalline waveguide

Zachary H. Levine, Jingyun Fan, Jun Chen, and Alan L. Migdall  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp. 6724-6740 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.006724


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Abstract

A proposal is made for the generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs from a periodically poled crystal allowing for high collection efficiency, high entanglement, and stable operation. The theory is formulated for colinear propagation for application to waveguides. The key feature of the theory is the use of type II phase matching using both the +1 and −1 diffraction orders of the poling structure. Although these conditions are fairly restrictive in terms of operating parameters, practical operating conditions can be found. For example, we find that a HeNe pump laser may be used for a periodically poled rubidium-doped potassium titanyl phosphate (Rb:KTP) waveguide to yield single mode polarization-entangled pairs. Fidelities of 0.98 are possible under practical conditions.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.2790) Integrated optics : Guided waves
(270.1670) Quantum optics : Coherent optical effects
(190.4975) Nonlinear optics : Parametric processes

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: January 13, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: February 27, 2011
Published: March 24, 2011

Citation
Zachary H. Levine, Jingyun Fan, Jun Chen, and Alan L. Migdall, "Polarization-entangled photon pairs from a periodically poled crystalline waveguide," Opt. Express 19, 6724-6740 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6724


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