OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijin de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 7 — Mar. 28, 2011
  • pp: 6969–6979

Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission

Ivan Djordjevic, Murat Arabaci, Lei Xu, and Ting Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 7, pp. 6969-6979 (2011)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.006969


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1134 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose a coded N-dimensional modulation scheme suitable for ultra-high-speed serial optical transport. The proposed scheme can be considered as a generalization of OFDM, and hence, we call it as generalized OFDM (GOFDM). In this scheme, the orthogonal subcarriers are used as basis functions and the signal constellation points are defined over this N-dimensional linear space. To facilitate implementation, we propose using N-dimensional pulse-amplitude modulation (ND-PAM) as the signal constellation diagram, which is obtained as the N-ary Cartesian product of one-dimensional PAM. In conventional OFDM, QAM/PSK signal constellation points are transmitted over orthogonal subcarriers and then they are multiplexed together in an OFDM stream. Individual subcarriers, therefore, carry N parallel QAM/PSK streams. In the proposed GOFDM scheme instead, an N-dimensional signal constellation point is transmitted over all N subcarriers simultaneously. When some of the subcarriers are severely affected by channel impairments, the constellation points carried by those subcarriers may be lost in the conventional OFDM. In comparison, under such conditions, the overall signal constellation point will face only small distortion in GOFDM and it can be recovered successfully using the information on the other high fidelity subcarriers. Furthermore, because the channel capacity is a logarithmic function of signal-to-noise ratio but a linear function of the number of dimensions, the spectral efficiency of optical transmission systems can be improved with GOFDM.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.1660) Fiber optics and optical communications : Coherent communications
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: February 17, 2011
Revised Manuscript: March 19, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 20, 2011
Published: March 25, 2011

Citation
Ivan Djordjevic, Murat Arabaci, Lei Xu, and Ting Wang, "Generalized OFDM (GOFDM) for ultra-high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Express 19, 6969-6979 (2011)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-7-6969


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Hong, T. Schmidt, M. Traverso, and E. Yoshikazu, “40G and 100G modules enable next generation networks,” Proc. SPIE 7631, 763115, 763115-7 (2009). [CrossRef]
  2. W. Shieh, and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier/Academic Press, 2009).
  3. Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, “1-Tb/s single-channel coherent optical OFDM transmission over 600-km SSMF fiber with subwavelength bandwidth access,” Opt. Express 17(11), 9421–9427 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Tang and W. Shieh, “Coherent optical OFDM transmission up to 1 Tb/s per channel,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3511–3517 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. J. McDonough, “Moving standards to 100 GbE and beyond,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(11), 6–9 (2007). [CrossRef]
  6. I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, and L. Minkov, “Next generation FEC for high-capacity communication in optical transport networks,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(16), 3518–3530 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Modified hybrid subcarrier/amplitude/ phase/polarization LDPC-coded modulation for 400 Gb/s optical transmission and beyond,” Opt. Express 18(13), 14108–14113 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, and T. Schmidt, “Ultra high speed optical transmission using subcarrier-multiplexed four-dimensional LDPC-coded modulation,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20546–20551 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. G. Batshon, I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Multidimensional LDPC-coded modulation for beyond 400 Gb/s per wavelength transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(16), 1139–1141 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, and R. M. Marcoccia, “Non-binary quasi-cyclic LDPC based coded modulation for beyond 100 Gb/s transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(6), 434–436 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, and R. M. Marcoccia, “Polarization-multiplexed rate-adaptive non-binary-quasi-cyclic-LDPC-coded multilevel modulation with coherent detection for optical transport networks,” Opt. Express 18(3), 1820–1832 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. P. C. Fossorier, “Quasi-cyclic low-density parity-check codes from circulant permutation matrices,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 50(8), 1788–1793 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. M. Arabaci, I. B. Djordjevic, R. Saunders, and R. M. Marcoccia, “High-rate non-binary regular quasi-cyclic LDPC codes for optical communications,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(23), 5261–5267 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. M. C. Davey, Error-Correction using Low-Density Parity-Check Codes, Ph.D. dissertation, (University of Cambridge, 1999).
  15. T. M. Cover, and J. A. Thomas, Elements of Information Theory (Wiley, 1991).
  16. N. J. A. Sloane, R. H. Hardin, T. S. Duff, and J. H. Conway, “Minimal-energy clusters of hard spheres,” Discrete Comput. Geom. 14(1), 237–259 (1995). [CrossRef]
  17. I. B. Djordjevic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, “Coded multidimensional pulse amplitude modulation for ultra-high-speed optical transmission,” in Proc. OFC/NFOEC 2011, Paper No. JThA041, Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA, March 6–10, 2011.
  18. M. Karlsson and E. Agrell, “Which is the most power-efficient modulation format in optical links?” Opt. Express 17(13), 10814–10819 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2001).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited