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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 19, Iss. 9 — Apr. 25, 2011
  • pp: 7960–7970

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy imaging with suppression of four-wave mixing in optical fibers

Zhiyong Wang, Liang Gao, Pengfei Luo, Yaliang Yang, Ahmad A. Hammoudi, Kelvin K. Wong, and Stephen T. C. Wong  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 9, pp. 7960-7970 (2011)

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We demonstrated an optical fiber delivered coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy imaging system with a polarization-based mechanism for suppression of four-wave mixing (FWM) signals in delivery fiber. Polarization maintaining fibers (PMF) were used as the delivery fiber to ensure stability of the state of polarization (SOP) of lasers. The pump and Stokes waves were coupled into PMFs at orthogonal SOPs along the slow and fast axes of PMFs, respectively, resulting in a significant reduction of FWM signals generated in the fiber. At the output end of PMFs, a dual-wavelength waveplate was used to realign the SOPs of the two waves into identical SOPs prior to their entrance into the CARS microscope. Therefore, it allows the pump and Stokes waves with identical SOPs to excite samples at highest excitation efficiency. Our experimental results showed that this polarization-based FWM-suppressing mechanism can dramatically reduce FWM signals generated in PMFs up to approximately 99%. Meanwhile, the PMF-delivered CARS microscopy system with this mechanism can still produce high-quality CARS images. Consequently, our PMF-delivered CARS microscopy imaging system with the polarization-based FWM-suppressing mechanism potentially offers a new strategy for building fiber-based CARS endoscopes with effective suppression of FWM background noises.

© 2011 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(190.4380) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, four-wave mixing
(300.6230) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering
(180.4315) Microscopy : Nonlinear microscopy

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: February 9, 2011
Revised Manuscript: March 18, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: March 18, 2011
Published: April 11, 2011

Virtual Issues
Vol. 6, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Zhiyong Wang, Liang Gao, Pengfei Luo, Yaliang Yang, Ahmad A. Hammoudi, Kelvin K. Wong, and Stephen T. C. Wong, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy imaging with suppression of four-wave mixing in optical fibers," Opt. Express 19, 7960-7970 (2011)

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