## Energy flow characteristics of vector X-Waves |

Optics Express, Vol. 19, Issue 9, pp. 8526-8532 (2011)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.19.008526

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### Abstract

The vector form of X-Waves is obtained as a superposition of transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarized field components. It is shown that the signs of all components of the Poynting vector can be locally changed using carefully chosen complex amplitudes of the transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarization components. Negative energy flux density in the longitudinal direction can be observed in a bounded region around the centroid; in this region the local behavior of the wave field is similar to that of wave field with negative energy flow. This peculiar energy flux phenomenon is of essential importance for electromagnetic and optical traps and tweezers, where the location and momenta of micro-and nanoparticles are manipulated by changing the Poynting vector, and in detection of invisibility cloaks.

© 2011 OSA

**OCIS Codes**

(260.2110) Physical optics : Electromagnetic optics

(350.5500) Other areas of optics : Propagation

(350.7420) Other areas of optics : Waves

(350.4855) Other areas of optics : Optical tweezers or optical manipulation

**ToC Category:**

Physical Optics

**History**

Original Manuscript: February 10, 2011

Revised Manuscript: March 26, 2011

Manuscript Accepted: March 29, 2011

Published: April 18, 2011

**Virtual Issues**

Vol. 6, Iss. 5 *Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics*

**Citation**

Mohamed A. Salem and Hakan Bağcı, "Energy flow characteristics of vector X-Waves," Opt. Express **19**, 8526-8532 (2011)

http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-19-9-8526

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