OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: J. H. Eberly
  • Vol. 2, Iss. 12 — Jun. 8, 1998
  • pp: 503–508

Fabricating micro-Bragg reflectors in 3-D photorefractive waveguides

Kazuyoshi Itoh, Kouichi Ikezawa, Wataru Watanabe, Yoshio Furuya, Yoshiyasu Masuda, and Tadamasa Toma  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 2, Issue 12, pp. 503-508 (1998)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.2.000503


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (65 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Bragg reflectors as small as optical waveguides can be used at the intersections of waveguides as spectral filters, beam splitters, or beam combiners. We present the concept of fabricating small Bragg reflectors in photorefractive waveguides and show the spectral selectivity of these micro-Bragg reflectors fabricated in a lithium niobate crystal. We also show that we can fabricate waveguide structures simultaneously with the micro-Bragg reflector, by using a crystal whose c-axis is directed 45 degree off the optical axis of the fabrication beam. The reflectivity of the micro-Bragg reflector was smaller than 0.01 and was not large enough for the immediate use.

© Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(160.3730) Materials : Lithium niobate
(160.5320) Materials : Photorefractive materials
(230.1480) Optical devices : Bragg reflectors
(230.7370) Optical devices : Waveguides

ToC Category:
Focus Issue: Nonlinear and photorefractive fibers and waveguides

History
Original Manuscript: January 14, 1998
Revised Manuscript: December 12, 1997
Published: June 8, 1998

Citation
Kazuyoshi Itoh, Kouichi Ikezawa, Wataru Watanabe, Yoshio Furuya, Yoshiyasu Masuda, and Tadamasa Toma, "Fabricating micro-Bragg reflectors in 3-D photorefractive waveguides," Opt. Express 2, 503-508 (1998)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-2-12-503


Sort:  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. K. Itoh, O. Matoba, and Y. Ichioka, "Fabrication of photorefractive 3-D waveguides for optical dynamic interconnections," OSA Annual Meeting Technical Digest Vol. 16, (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1993), p. 108.
  2. K. Itoh, O. Matoba, and Y. Ichioka, "Fabrication experiment of photorefractive three-dimensional waveguides in lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 19, 652-654 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. O. Matoba, K. Itoh, and Y. Ichioka, "Analysis of photo-induced waveguide in lithium niobate crystal," Opt. Rev. 1, 73-75 (1994). [CrossRef]
  4. O. Matoba, K. Itoh, and Y. Ichioka, "Non-uniform and off-axis structures for photorefractive waveguides in lithium niobate," Opt. Eng. 35, 2175-2181 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. O. Matoba, K. Itoh, and Y. Ichioka, "Array of photorefractive waveguides for massively-parallel optical interconnections in lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 21, 123-125 (1996). [CrossRef]
  6. J. J. Amodei and D. L. Staebler, "Holographic pattern fixing in electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett., 18, 540-542 (1971). [CrossRef]
  7. O. Matoba, K. Ikezawa, K. Itoh, and Y. Ichioka, "Modification of photorefractive waveguides in lithium niobate by guided beam for optical interconnection," Opt. Rev. 2, 438-443 (1995). [CrossRef]
  8. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, K. Hirao, "Writing waveguides in glass with femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 21, 1729-1731 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. K. Itoh, W. Watanabe, K. Ikezawa, Y. Furuya, "Micro-Bragg reflectors in photorefractive 3-D waveguides," Proc. SPIE, to appear.
  10. Q. Huang and P. R. Ashley, "Holographic Bragg grating input-output couplers for polymer waveguides at an 850-nm wavelength," Appl. Opt. 36, 1198-1203 (1997). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited