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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 10 — May. 7, 2012
  • pp: 10498–10508

Silencing and enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical gap antennas

Johann Berthelot, Guillaume Bachelier, Mingxia Song, Padmnabh Rai, Gérard Colas des Francs, Alain Dereux, and Alexandre Bouhelier  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 10, pp. 10498-10508 (2012)

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Amplifying local electromagnetic fields by engineering optical interactions between individual constituents of an optical antenna is considered fundamental for efficient nonlinear wavelength conversion in nanometer-scale devices. In contrast to this general statement we show that high field enhancement does not necessarily lead to an optimized nonlinear activity. In particular, we demonstrate that second-harmonic responses generated at strongly interacting optical gap antennas can be significantly suppressed. Numerical simulations are confirming silencing of second-harmonic in these coupled systems despite the existence of local field amplification. We then propose a simple approach to restore and amplify the second-harmonic signal by changing the manner in which electrically-connected optical antennas are interacting in the charge-transfer plasmon regime. Our observations provide critical design rules for realizing optimal structures that are essential for a broad variety of nonlinear surface-enhanced characterizations and for realizing the next generation of electrically-driven optical antennas.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4720) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities of condensed matter
(240.4350) Optics at surfaces : Nonlinear optics at surfaces
(180.4315) Microscopy : Nonlinear microscopy

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

Original Manuscript: February 8, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 20, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: April 1, 2012
Published: April 23, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 7 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Johann Berthelot, Guillaume Bachelier, Mingxia Song, Padmnabh Rai, Gérard Colas des Francs, Alain Dereux, and Alexandre Bouhelier, "Silencing and enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical gap antennas," Opt. Express 20, 10498-10508 (2012)

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