OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 13 — Jun. 18, 2012
  • pp: 13857–13869

Second-harmonic generation from electron beam deposited SiO films

Søren Vejling Andersen and Kjeld Pedersen  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 13, pp. 13857-13869 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.013857


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3181 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

It is demonstrated that as-grown e-beam deposited SiOx thin films on fused silica substrates show a second-order nonlinear response that is dependent on film thickness. Using a Maker fringes method the effective nonlinear coefficient for a SiO thin film is estimated to be comparable to that of crystalline quartz. Variation of process parameters has been used to investigate the origin of the nonlinear response. The second-harmonic signal is very sensitive to annealing of the film and can be totally removed by annealing at a few hundred degrees. It is also demonstrated that a retarding grid that traps charged particles between the crucible and the sample reduces the nonlinear signal from a SiO thin film significantly. It is suggested that oriented dipoles arise during deposition due to a negatively charged film from oxygen ions, thus, resulting in a non-centrosymmetric film. Finally, using e-beam lithography, well-defined nonlinear 2D structures can be synthesized, thus opening the door to a new and practical way to create nonlinear structures for planar waveguide technology.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(160.4330) Materials : Nonlinear optical materials
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4360) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics, devices
(310.0310) Thin films : Thin films
(130.2755) Integrated optics : Glass waveguides

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 9, 2012
Revised Manuscript: May 24, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 24, 2012
Published: June 7, 2012

Citation
Søren Vejling Andersen and Kjeld Pedersen, "Second-harmonic generation from electron beam deposited SiO films," Opt. Express 20, 13857-13869 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-13-13857


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. A. Myers, N. Mukherjee, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Large second-order nonlinearity in poled fused silica,” Opt. Lett.16, 1732–1734 (1991). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Pedersen, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, J. Arentoft, M. Kristensen, and C. Laurent-Lund, “Second-harmonic scanning optical microscopy of poled silica waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.88, 3872–3878 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, J. Troles, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, Y. Quiquempois, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, “Second-harmonic generation of thermally poled chalcogenide glass,” Opt. Express13, 789–795 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Dussauze, E. Fargin, M. Lahaye, V. Rodriguez, and F. Adamietz, “Large second-harmonic generation of thermally poled sodium borophosphate glasses,” Opt. Express13, 4064–4069 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Yadav, C.L Callender, C.W. Smelser, C. Ledderhof, C. Blanchetiere, S. Jacob, and J. Albert, “Giant enhancement of the second harmonic generation efficiency in poled multilayer silica glass structures,” Opt. Express26975–26983 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. T. Ning, H. Pietarinen, O. Hyvrinen, J. Simonen, G. Genty, and M. Kauranen, “Strong second-harmonic generation in silicon nitride films,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 161902 (2012). [CrossRef]
  7. F. Iacona, G. Franzo, and C. Spinella, “Correlation between luminescence and structural properties of Si nanocrystals,” J. Appl. Phys.87, 1295–1303 (2000). [CrossRef]
  8. P. G. Kazansky, A. Kamal, and P. St. J. Russell, “High second-order nonlinearities induced in lead silicate glass by electron-beam irradiation,” Opt. Lett.18, 693–695 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Q. Liu, X. Zhao, K. Tanaka, A. Narazaki, K. Hirao, and F. Gan, “Second-harmonic generation in GeAsS glasses by electron beam irradiation and analysis of the poling mechanism,” Opt. Commun.198, 187 (2001). [CrossRef]
  10. Q. Liu, B. Poumellec, R. Blum, G. Girard, J.-E. Boure, A. Kudlinski, and G. Martinelli, “Stability of electron-beam poling in N or Ge-doped H:SiO2 films,” Appl. Phys A81, 1213 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. G. Myburg and F. D. Auret, “Influence of the electron-beam evaporation rate of PT and the semiconductor carrier density on the characteristics of PT/normal-GAAS schottky contacts.,” J. Appl. Phys.71, 6172–6176 (1992). [CrossRef]
  12. D. Hoffman and D. Leibowitz, “Effect of Substrate Potential on Al2O3 Films Prepared by Electron Beam Evaporation,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol.9, 326–329 (1972). [CrossRef]
  13. G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Parameterization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the inter-band region,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69, 371–373 (1996). [CrossRef]
  14. W. N. Herman and L. M. Hayden, “Maker fringes revisited: second-harmonic generation from birefringent or absorbing materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B12, 416–427 (1995). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Jerphagnon and S. K. Kurtz, “Maker Fringes: A Detailed Comparison of Theory and Experiment for Isotropic and Uniaxial Crystals,” J. Appl. Phys.41, 1667–1681 (1970). [CrossRef]
  16. P.G. Kazansky and P.St.J. Russel, “Thermally poled glass: frozen-in electric field or oriented dipoles?,” Opt. Commun.110, 611–614 (1994). [CrossRef]
  17. J. Tauc, “Optical properties of non-crystalline solids,” F. Abeles (Ed.), Optical Properties of Solids (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), p. 277.
  18. K. Hagimoto and A. Mito, “Determination of the second-order susceptibility of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate and α-quartz at 633 and 1064 nm,” Appl. Opt.34, 8276–8282 (1995). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. R. C. Miller, “Optical second harmonic generation in piezoelectric crystals.,” Appl. Phys. Lett.5, 17–19 (1964). [CrossRef]
  20. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd Ed. (Elsevier, 2008).
  21. C. Bucci and R. Fieschi, “Ionic Thermoconductivity. Method for the Investigation of Polarization in Insulators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.12, 16–19 (1964). [CrossRef]
  22. SRIM simulation software based on: J. F. Ziegler and J. M. Manoyan, “The Stopping of Ions in Compounds,” Nucl. Instr. Meth.B35, 215–228 (1989).
  23. A. Kameyama, A. Yokotani, and K. Kurosawa, “Identification of defects associated with second-order optical nonlinearity in thermally poled high-purity silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.89, 4707–4713 (2001). [CrossRef]
  24. F. Argalland and A. K. Jonscher, “Dielectric properties of thin films of aluminium oxide and silicon oxide,” Thin Solid Films2, 185–210 (1968). [CrossRef]
  25. H. L. Hampsch, J M. Torkelson, S J. Bethke, and S G. GrubbSecond harmonic generation in corona poled, doped polymer films as a function of corona processing,” J. Appl. Phys.67, 1037–1042 (1990). [CrossRef]
  26. T. G. Alley, S. R. J. Brueck, and R. A. Myers, “Space charge dynamics in thermally poled fused silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids242, 165–176 (1998). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited