OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 13 — Jun. 18, 2012
  • pp: 14189–14200

Potential of glassy carbon and silicon carbide photonic structures as electromagnetic radiation shields for atmospheric re-entry

Nikolay Komarevskiy, Valery Shklover, Leonid Braginsky, Christian Hafner, and John Lawson  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 13, pp. 14189-14200 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.014189


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1845 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

During high-velocity atmospheric entries, space vehicles can be exposed to strong electromagnetic radiation from ionized gas in the shock layer. Glassy carbon (GC) and silicon carbide (SiC) are candidate thermal protection materials due to their high melting point and also their good thermal and mechanical properties. Based on data from shock tube experiments, a significant fraction of radiation at hypersonic entry conditions is in the frequency range from 215 to 415 THz. We propose and analyze SiC and GC photonic structures to increase the reflection of radiation in that range. For this purpose, we performed numerical optimizations of various structures using an evolutionary strategy. Among the considered structures are layered, porous, woodpile, inverse opal and guided-mode resonance structures. In order to estimate the impact of fabrication inaccuracies, the sensitivity of the reflectivity to structural imperfections is analyzed. We estimate that the reflectivity of GC photonic structures is limited to 38% in the aforementioned range, due to material absorption. However, GC material can be effective for photonic reflection of individual, strong spectral line. SiC on the other hand can be used to design a good reflector for the entire frequency range.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(350.4600) Other areas of optics : Optical engineering
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: March 21, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: May 17, 2012
Published: June 11, 2012

Citation
Nikolay Komarevskiy, Valery Shklover, Leonid Braginsky, Christian Hafner, and John Lawson, "Potential of glassy carbon and silicon carbide photonic structures as electromagnetic radiation shields for atmospheric re-entry," Opt. Express 20, 14189-14200 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-13-14189


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Joannopoulos, S. Johnson, J. Winn, and R. Meade, Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton University Press, 2008).
  2. V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, G. Witz, M. Mishrikey, and C. Hafner, “High-temperature photonic structures. Thermal barrier coatings, infrared sources and other applications,” J. Comput. Theor. Nanosci.5, 862–893 (2008).
  3. J. Grinstead, M. Wilder, J. Olejniczak, D. Bogdanoff, G. Allen, K. Dang, and M. Forrest, “Shock-heated air radiation measurements at Lunar return conditions,” AIAA Pap.1244, 092407 (2008).
  4. C. Park, “Stagnation-region heating environment of the Galileo probe,” J. Thermophys. Heat Transfer23, 417–424 (2009). [CrossRef]
  5. N. Komarevskiy, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, C. Hafner, and J. Lawson, “Fast numerical methods for the design of layered photonic structures with rough interfaces,” Opt. Express19, 5489–5499 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. N. Komarevskiy, V. Shklover, L. Braginsky, C. Hafner, O. Fabrichnaya, S. White, and J. Lawson, “Design of reflective, photonic shields for atmospheric reentry,” J. Electromagn. Anal. Appl.3, 228–237 (2011).
  7. A. Brandis, C. Johnston, B. Cruden, D. Prabhu, and D. Bose, “Uncertainty analysis of Neqair and Hara predictions of air radiation measurements obtained in the East facility,” in 42nd AIAA Thermophysics Conference, (American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics (AIAA), 2011), pp. 1–14.
  8. Directionality can be obtained from simulation sets that are calibrated against shock tube data.
  9. L. Li, “Formulation and comparison of two recursive matrix algorithms for modeling layered diffraction gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A13, 1024–1035 (1996). [CrossRef]
  10. D. Whittaker and I. Culshaw, “Scattering-matrix treatment of patterned multilayer photonic structures,” Phys. Rev. B60, 2610–2618 (1999). [CrossRef]
  11. J. Fröhlich, “Evolutionary Optimization for Computational Electromagnetics,” Ph.D. thesis (ETH Zurich, IFH Laboratory, 1997).
  12. [Online]. Available: http://www.sopra-sa.com/
  13. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, 1998).
  14. M. Williams and E. Arakawa, “Optical properties of glassy carbon from 0 to 82 eV,” J. Appl. Phys.43, 3460–3463 (1972). [CrossRef]
  15. J. Shor, I. Grimberg, B. Weiss, and A. Kurtz, “Direct observation of porous SiC formed by anodization in HF,” Appl. Phys. Lett.62, 2836–2838 (1993). [CrossRef]
  16. There is no mathematical proof for this observation, but it seems reasonable from the physical point of view, since no scattering occurs at planar interfaces.
  17. A. Zakhidov, R. Baughman, Z. Iqbal, C. Cui, I. Khayrullin, S. Dantas, J. Marti, and V. Ralchenko, “Carbon structures with three-dimensional periodicity at optical wavelengths,” Science282, 897–901 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Wang and R. Magnusson, “Theory and applications of guided-mode resonance filters,” Appl. Opt.32, 2606–2613 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Gale, K. Knop, and R. Morf, “Zero-order diffractive microstructures for security applications,” Proc. SPIE1210, 83–89 (1990). [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Liu, S. Tibuleac, D. Shin, P. Young, and R. Magnusson, “High-efficiency guided-mode resonance filter,” Opt. Lett.23, 1556–1558 (1998). [CrossRef]
  21. S. Tikhodeev, A. Yablonskii, E. Muljarov, N. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, “Quasiguided modes and optical properties of photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B66, 045102 (2002). [CrossRef]
  22. L. Braginsky and V. Shklover, “Light propagation in an imperfect photonic crystal,” Phys. Rev. B73, 085107 (2006). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited