OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 16 — Jul. 30, 2012
  • pp: 17873–17879

Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers

Qiming Li, Jeremy B. Wright, Weng W. Chow, Ting Shan Luk, Igal Brener, Luke F. Lester, and George T. Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 16, pp. 17873-17879 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.017873


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1789 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We demonstrate stable, single-frequency output from single, as-fabricated GaN nanowire lasers operating far above lasing threshold. Each laser is a linear, double-facet GaN nanowire functioning as gain medium and optical resonator, fabricated by a top-down technique that exploits a tunable dry etch plus anisotropic wet etch for precise control of the nanowire dimensions and high material gain. A single-mode linewidth of ~0.12 nm and >18dB side-mode suppression ratio are measured. Numerical simulations indicate that single-mode lasing arises from strong mode competition and narrow gain bandwidth.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(250.5230) Optoelectronics : Photoluminescence
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(250.5960) Optoelectronics : Semiconductor lasers
(250.5590) Optoelectronics : Quantum-well, -wire and -dot devices

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 30, 2012
Revised Manuscript: July 13, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: July 17, 2012
Published: July 20, 2012

Citation
Qiming Li, Jeremy B. Wright, Weng W. Chow, Ting Shan Luk, Igal Brener, Luke F. Lester, and George T. Wang, "Single-mode GaN nanowire lasers," Opt. Express 20, 17873-17879 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-16-17873


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. C. Johnson, H. J. Choi, K. P. Knutsen, R. D. Schaller, P. D. Yang, and R. J. Saykally, “Single gallium nitride nanowire lasers,” Nat. Mater.1(2), 106–110 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Gradecak, F. Qian, Y. Li, H. G. Park, and C. M. Lieber, “GaN nanowire lasers with low lasing thresholds,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(17), 173111 (2005). [CrossRef]
  3. F. Qian, Y. Li, S. Gradecak, H.-G. Park, Y. Dong, Y. Ding, Z. L. Wang, and C. M. Lieber, “Multi-quantum-well nanowire heterostructures for wavelength-controlled lasers,” Nat. Mater.7(9), 701–706 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Heo, W. Guo, and P. Bhattacharya, “Monolithic single GaN nanowire laser with photonic crystal microcavity on silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(2), 021110 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. J. B. Schlager, N. A. Sanford, K. A. Bertness, and A. Roshko, “Injection-level-dependent internal quantum efficiency and lasing in low-defect GaN nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys.109(4), 044312 (2011). [CrossRef]
  6. P. C. Upadhya, Q. M. Li, G. T. Wang, A. J. Fischer, A. J. Taylor, and R. P. Prasankumar, “The influence of defect states on non-equilibrium carrier dynamics in GaN nanowires,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.25(2), 024017 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. B. Hua, J. Motohisa, Y. Kobayashi, S. Hara, and T. Fukui, “Single GaAs/GaAsP coaxial core-shell nanowire lasers,” Nano Lett.9(1), 112–116 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. Chen, T. T. D. Tran, K. W. Ng, W. S. Ko, L. C. Chuang, F. G. Sedgwick, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Nanolasers grown on silicon,” Nat. Photonics5(3), 170–175 (2011). [CrossRef]
  9. X. F. Duan, Y. Huang, R. Agarwal, and C. M. Lieber, “Single-nanowire electrically driven lasers,” Nature421(6920), 241–245 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. A. Zimmler, F. Capasso, S. Muller, and C. Ronning, “Optically pumped nanowire lasers: invited review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol.25(2), 024001 (2010). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Xiao, C. Meng, P. Wang, Y. Ye, H. K. Yu, S. S. Wang, F. X. Gu, L. Dai, and L. M. Tong, “Single-Nanowire Single-Mode Laser,” Nano Lett.11(3), 1122–1126 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. C. Scofield, S. H. Kim, J. N. Shapiro, A. Lin, B. L. Liang, A. Scherer, and D. L. Huffaker, “Bottom-up Photonic Crystal Lasers,” Nano Lett.11(12), 5387–5390 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Q. M. Li, K. R. Westlake, M. H. Crawford, S. R. Lee, D. D. Koleske, J. J. Figiel, K. C. Cross, S. Fathololoumi, Z. T. Mi, and G. T. Wang, “Optical performance of top-down fabricated InGaN/GaN nanorod light emitting diode arrays,” Opt. Express19(25), 25528–25534 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Reculusa and S. Ravaine, “Synthesis of colloidal crystals of controllable thickness through the Langmuir-Blodgett technique,” Chem. Mater.15(2), 598–605 (2003). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Sargent, W. E. Lamb, and R. L. Fork, “Theory of a Zeeman Laser. I,” Phys. Rev.164(2), 436–449 (1967). [CrossRef]
  16. A. J. Lotka, “Contribution to the theory of periodic reactions,” J. Phys. Chem.14(3), 271–274 (1910). [CrossRef]
  17. W. W. Chow, “Theory of emission from an active photonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. A73(1), 013821 (2006). [CrossRef]
  18. W. W. Chow, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Theory of Laser Gain in Group-III Nitrides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.67(6), 754–756 (1995). [CrossRef]
  19. L. K. van Vugt, S. Rühle, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, “Phase-correlated nondirectional laser emission from the end facets of a ZnO nanowire,” Nano Lett.6(12), 2707–2711 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4 Fig. 5
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited