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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 22 — Oct. 22, 2012
  • pp: 24151–24159

Encoding photonic angular momentum information onto surface plasmon polaritons with plasmonic lens

Aiping Liu, Guanghao Rui, Xifeng Ren, Qiwen Zhan, Guangcan Guo, and Guoping Guo  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 22, pp. 24151-24159 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.024151


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Abstract

Both spin angular momentum (SAM) and orbital angular momentum (OAM) can be used to carry information in classical optics and quantum optics. In this paper, the encoding of angular momentum (AM) information of photons onto surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) is demonstrated using a nano-ring plamonic lens. Near-field energy distribution on the metal surface is measured using a near-field scanning optical microscope (NSOM) when the plasmonic lens is excited by photons with different combinations of SAM and OAM. It is found that both the SAM and OAM can influence the near field energy distribution of SPPs. More interestingly, numerical and experimental studies reveal that the energy distribution on the plasmonic lens surface is determined by the absolute value of the total AM. This gives direct evidences that SPPs can be encoded with the photonic SAM and OAM information simultaneously and the spin degeneracy of the photons can be removed using the interactions between photonic OAM and plasmonic lens. The findings are useful not only for the fundamental understanding of the photonic AM but also for the future design of plasmonic quantum optics devices and systems.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(050.4865) Diffraction and gratings : Optical vortices
(250.5403) Optoelectronics : Plasmonics

ToC Category:
Optics at Surfaces

History
Original Manuscript: July 30, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: September 29, 2012
Published: October 8, 2012

Citation
Aiping Liu, Guanghao Rui, Xifeng Ren, Qiwen Zhan, Guangcan Guo, and Guoping Guo, "Encoding photonic angular momentum information onto surface plasmon polaritons with plasmonic lens," Opt. Express 20, 24151-24159 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-22-24151


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