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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 22 — Oct. 22, 2012
  • pp: 24330–24341

Time-variant 1D photonic crystals using flowing microdroplets

Zefeng Chen, Zehui Yong, Chi Wah Leung, Xuming Zhang, Yihang Chen, Helen L. W. Chan, and Yu Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 22, pp. 24330-24341 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.024330


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Abstract

In this paper we propose a time-variant photonic crystal, which can be formed by a stream of wave-length-scale microdroplets flowing through a microfluidic channel. The functionality stems from the photonic bandgap generated from the 1D periodic perturbation of refractive index. The periodicity, volume fraction and composition of both the dispersed and the continuous phases can be conveniently tuned in real time by hydrodynamic or pneumatic methods. By simulation, it is found that the time-variant nature of the proposed structure can induce an abnormal energy evolution, which is distinct from any existing photonic crystal structures. As a basic component for optofluidic systems, the droplet-based photonic crystal may find potential applications in light modulation and light confinement, and could be an ideal model for pursuing physical insights into time-variant optofluidic systems.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(230.4110) Optical devices : Modulators
(230.5298) Optical devices : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: July 16, 2012
Revised Manuscript: September 17, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: October 3, 2012
Published: October 9, 2012

Citation
Zefeng Chen, Zehui Yong, Chi Wah Leung, Xuming Zhang, Yihang Chen, Helen L. W. Chan, and Yu Wang, "Time-variant 1D photonic crystals using flowing microdroplets," Opt. Express 20, 24330-24341 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-22-24330


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