OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 27 — Dec. 17, 2012
  • pp: 28319–28329

Long-range vibration sensor based on correlation analysis of optical frequency-domain reflectometry signals

Zhenyang Ding, X. Steve Yao, Tiegen Liu, Yang Du, Kun Liu, Qun Han, Zhuo Meng, and Hongxin Chen  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 27, pp. 28319-28329 (2012)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2068 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present a novel method to achieve a space-resolved long- range vibration detection system based on the correlation analysis of the optical frequency-domain reflectometry (OFDR) signals. By performing two separate measurements of the vibrated and non-vibrated states on a test fiber, the vibration frequency and position of a vibration event can be obtained by analyzing the cross-correlation between beat signals of the vibrated and non-vibrated states in a spatial domain, where the beat signals are generated from interferences between local Rayleigh backscattering signals of the test fiber and local light oscillator. Using the proposed technique, we constructed a standard single-mode fiber based vibration sensor that can have a dynamic range of 12 km and a measurable vibration frequency up to 2 kHz with a spatial resolution of 5 m. Moreover, preliminarily investigation results of two vibration events located at different positions along the test fiber are also reported.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2300) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber measurements
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(060.2430) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fibers, single-mode
(290.5870) Scattering : Scattering, Rayleigh

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: September 19, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 14, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 14, 2012
Published: December 6, 2012

Zhenyang Ding, X. Steve Yao, Tiegen Liu, Yang Du, Kun Liu, Qun Han, Zhuo Meng, and Hongxin Chen, "Long-range vibration sensor based on correlation analysis of optical frequency-domain reflectometry signals," Opt. Express 20, 28319-28329 (2012)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. H.-N. Li, D.-S. Li, and G.-B. Song, “Recent applications of fiber optic sensors to health monitoring in civil engineering,” Eng. Structures26(11), 1647–1657 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. A. D. Kersey, “A review of recent developments in fiber optic sensor technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.2(3), 291–317 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Zhang and X. Bao, “Distributed optical fiber vibration sensor based on spectrum analysis of Polarization-OTDR system,” Opt. Express16(14), 10240–10247 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. L. Lu, T. Zhu, L. A. Chen, and X. Y. Bao, “Distributed vibration sensor based on coherent detection of phase-OTDR,” J. Lightwave Technol.28, 3243–3249 (2010).
  5. Z. Qin, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Wavelet denoising method for improving detection performance of distributed vibration sensor,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(7), 542–544 (2012). [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Qin, T. Zhu, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “High sensitivity distributed vibration sensor based on polarization maintaining configurations of phase-OTDR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(15), 1091–1093 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. D. P. Zhou, Z. Qin, W. Li, L. Chen, and X. Bao, “Distributed vibration sensing with time-resolved optical frequency-domain reflectometry,” Opt. Express20(12), 13138–13145 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. K. Barnoski and S. M. Jensen, “Fiber waveguides: A novel technique for investigating attenuation characteristics,” Appl. Opt.15(9), 2112–2115 (1976). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. Eickhoff and R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency domain reflectometry in single mode fiber,” Appl. Phys. Lett.39(9), 693–695 (1981). [CrossRef]
  10. M. Froggatt and J. Moore, “High-spatial-resolution distributed strain measurement in optical fiber with rayleigh scatter,” Appl. Opt.37(10), 1735–1740 (1998). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Soller, S. Kreger, D. Gifford, M. Wolfe, and M. Froggatt, “Optical frequency domain reflectometry for single- and multi-mode avionics fiber-optics applications,” IEEE in Avionics Fiber-Optics and Photonics, 38–39 (2006).
  12. S. T. Kreger, D. K. Gifford, M. E. Froggatt, B. J. Soller, and M. S. Wolfe, “High resolution distributed strain or temperature measurements in single- and multi-mode fiber using swept-wavelength interfeometry,” in Optical Fiber Sensors, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThE42.
  13. R. G. Duncan, B. J. Soller, D. K. Gifford, S. T. Kreger, R. J. Seeley, A. K. Sang, M. S. Wolfe, and M. E. Froggatt, “OFDR-based distributed sensing and fault detection for single- and multi-mode avionics fiber-optics,” presented at the Joint Conference on Aging Aircraft (2007).
  14. http://www.lunatechnologies.com/applications/OFDR-Based-Distributed-Sensing.pdf
  15. S. Venkatesh and W. V. Sorin, “Phase noise consideration in coherent optical FMCW reflectometry,” J. Lightwave Technol.11(10), 1694–1700 (1993). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Photonics: Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford Univ. Press, 2007).
  17. J. P. Vonder Weid, R. Passy, G. Mussi, and N. Gisin, “On the characterization of optical fiber network components with optical frequency domain reflectometry,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(7), 1131–1141 (1997). [CrossRef]
  18. B. J. Soller, D. K. Gifford, M. S. Wolfe, and M. E. Froggatt, “High resolution optical frequency domain reflectometry for characterization of components and assemblies,” Opt. Express13(2), 666–674 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. E. D. Moore and R. R. McLeod, “Correction of sampling errors due to laser tuning rate fluctuations in swept-wavelength interferometry,” Opt. Express16(17), 13139–13149 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited