OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 27 — Dec. 17, 2012
  • pp: 28563–28572

Raman probes based on optically-poled double-clad fiber and coupler

Anna Chiara Brunetti, Walter Margulis, and Karsten Rottwitt  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 27, pp. 28563-28572 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.028563


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1436 KB) | SpotlightSpotlight on Optics





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Two fiber Raman probes are presented, one based on an optically-poled double-clad fiber and the second based on an optically-poled double-clad fiber coupler respectively. Optical poling of the core of the fiber allows for the generation of enough 532nm light to perform Raman spectroscopy of a sample of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), when illuminating the waveguide with 1064nm laser light. The Raman signal is collected in the inner cladding, from which it is retrieved with either a bulk dichroic mirror or a double-clad fiber coupler. The coupler allows for a substantial reduction of the fiber spectral background signal conveyed to the spectrometer.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2340) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics components
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(190.2620) Nonlinear optics : Harmonic generation and mixing
(300.6450) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, Raman

ToC Category:
Spectroscopy

History
Original Manuscript: October 26, 2012
Revised Manuscript: November 22, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: November 26, 2012
Published: December 10, 2012

Virtual Issues
December 20, 2012 Spotlight on Optics

Citation
Anna Chiara Brunetti, Walter Margulis, and Karsten Rottwitt, "Raman probes based on optically-poled double-clad fiber and coupler," Opt. Express 20, 28563-28572 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-27-28563


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. R. L. McCreery, M. Fleischmann, and P. Hendra, “Fiber optic probe for remote Raman spectrometry,” Anal. Chem.55 (1), 146–148 (1983). [CrossRef]
  2. I. Lewis and P. Griffiths, “Raman spectrometry with fiber-optic sampling,” Appl. Spectrosc.50, 12A–30A (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. T. Cooney, H. Skinner, and S. Angel, “Comparative study of some fiber-optic remote Raman probe designs. Part I: Model for liquids and transparent solids,” Appl. Spectrosc.50, 836–848 (1996). [CrossRef]
  4. T. Cooney, H. Skinner, and S. Angel, “Comparative study of some fiber-optic remote Raman probe designs. Part II: Tests of single-fiber, lensed, and flat- and bevel-tip multi-fiber probes,” Appl. Spectrosc.50, 849–860 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. U. Utzinger and R. R. Richards-Kortum, “Fiber optic probes for biomedical optical spectroscopy,” J. Biomed. Opt.8, 121–147 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M.J. Pelletier, “Fiber optic probe with integral optical filtering,” USA Patent no. 5862273 (1999).
  7. A. C. Brunetti, L. Scolari, T. Lund-Hansen, J. Weirich, and K. Rottwitt, “All-in-fiber Rayleigh-rejection filter for Raman spectroscopy,” Electron. Lett.48(5), 275–276 (2012). [CrossRef]
  8. B. Redding and H. Cao, “Using a multimode fiber as a high-resolution, low-loss spectrometer,” Opt. Lett.37(16), 3384–3386 (2012). [CrossRef]
  9. V. Pruneri, G. Bonfrate, P. G. Kazansky, D. J Richardson, N. G. Broderick, J. P. de Sandro, C. Simonneau, P. Vidakovic, and J. A. Levenson, “Greater than 20%-efficient frequency-doubling of 1532-nm nanosecond pulses in quasi-phase matched germanosilicate optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.24, 208–210 (1999). [CrossRef]
  10. A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, Z. Zhaowei, P. G. Kazansky, and M. Ibsen, “Broadly tunable second-harmonic generation in periodically poled silica fibers,” Opt. Lett.32, 1863–1865 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. V. Pruneri and P. G. Kazansky, “Frequency doubling of picosecond pulses in periodically-poled D-shaped silica fibre,” Electron. Lett.33, 318–319 (1997). [CrossRef]
  12. A. Canagasabey, C. Corbari, A.V. Gladyshev, F. Liegeois, S. Guillemet, Y. Hernandez, M. V. Yashkov, A. Kosolapov, E. M. Dianov, M. Ibsen, and P.G. Kazansky, “High-average-power second-harmonic generation from periodically poled silica fibers,” Opt. Lett.34, 2483–2485 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. U. Österberg and W. Margulis, “Dye laser pumped by Nd:YAG laser pulses frequency doubled in a glass optical fiber,” Opt. Lett.11, 516–518 (1986). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Kashyap, “Poling of glasses and optical fibers,” in Fiber Bragg Gratings, 2nd ed., (Academic press, 2010), pp. 527–596. [CrossRef]
  15. W. Margulis, F. Laurell, and B. Lesche, “Imaging the nonlinear grating in frequency-doubling fibres,” Nature378, 699–701 (1995). [CrossRef]
  16. R.H. Stolen and H.W.K. Tom, “Self-organized phase-matched harmonic generation in optical fibers,” Opt. Lett.12(8), 585–587 (1987). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M.L. Myrick and S.M. Angel, “Elimination of background in fiber-optic Raman measurements,” Appl. Spectrosc.44(4), 565–570 (1990). [CrossRef]
  18. J. Udovich, N. Kirkpatrick, A. Kano, A. Tanbakuchi, U. Utzinger, and A. Gmitro, “Spectral background and transmission characteristics of fiber optic imaging bundles,” Appl. Opt.47, 4560–4568 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. S. Konorov, C. Addison, H. Schulze, R. Turner, and M. Blades, “Hollow-core photonic crystal fiber-optic probes for Raman spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett.31, 1911–1913 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. Buric, K. Chen, J. Falk, and S. Woodruff, “Enhanced spontaneous Raman scattering and gas composition analysis using a photonic crystal fiber,” Appl. Opt.47, 4255–4261 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. P. Ghenuche, S. Rammler, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, M. Frosz, J. Wenger, P.St.J. Russell, and H. Rigneault, “Kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber probe for Raman spectroscopy,” Opt. Lett.37, 4371–4373 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. Yan, C. Gu, C. Yang, J. Liu, G. Jin, J. Zhang, L. Hou, and Y. Yao, “Hollow core photonic crystal fiber surface-enhanced Raman probe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89 (20), 204101 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. D. Yelin, B. E. Bouma, S. H. Yun, and G. J. Tearney, “Double-clad fiber for endoscopy,” Opt. Lett.29 (20), 2408–2410 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. S. Brustlein, P. Berto, R. Hostein, P. Ferrand, C. Billaudeau, D. Marguet, A. Muir, J. Knight, and H. Rigneault, “Double-clad hollow core photonic crystal fiber for coherent Raman endoscope,” Opt. Express19 (13), 12562–12568 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Myaing, J. Ye, T. Norris, T. Thomas, J. Baker, W. Wadsworth, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Enhanced two-photon biosensing with double-clad photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett.28, 1224–1226 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. L. Fu and M. Gu, “Double-clad photonic crystal fiber coupler for compact nonlinear optical microscopy imaging,” Opt. Lett.31(10), 1471–1473 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H. Bao, S. Y. Ryu, B. H. Lee, W. Tao, and M. Gu, “Nonlinear endomicroscopy using a double-clad fiber coupler,” Opt. Lett.35, 995–997 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. S. Lemire-Renaud, M. Rivard, M. Strupler, D. Morneau, F. Verpillat, X. Daxhelet, N. Godbout, and C. Boudoux, “Double-clad fiber coupler for endoscopy,” Opt. Express18, 9755–9764 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. L. Wang, H. Y. Choi, Y. Jung, B. H. Lee, and K.-T. Kim, “Optical probe based on double-clad optical fiber for fluorescence spectroscopy,” Opt. Express15, 17681–17689 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. S. Y. Ryu, H. Y. Choi, M. J. Ju, J. H. Na, W. J. Choi, and B. H. Lee, “The development of double clad fiber and double clad fiber coupler for fiber based biomedical imaging systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea13, 310–315 (2009). [CrossRef]
  31. F. Oullette, K. O. Hill, and D. C. Johnson, “Enhancement of second-harmonic generation in optical fibers by a hydrogen and heat treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett.54(12), 1086–1088 (1989). [CrossRef]
  32. M. Fokine and W. Margulis, “Photoinduced refractive index changes in frequency doubling fibers,” in Bragg Gratings, Photosensitivity, and Poling in Glass Waveguides, T. Erdogan, E. Friebele, and R. Kashyap, eds., OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 1999) 33, paper DB3, 385–387.
  33. W. N. Martens, R. L. Frost, J. Kristof, and J. Theo Kloprogge, “Raman spectroscopy of dimethyl sulphoxide and deuterated dimethyl sulphoxide at 298 and 77 K,” J. Raman Spectrosc.33, 84–91 (2002). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited