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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 28 — Dec. 31, 2012
  • pp: 29882–29889

Self-organized periodic structures on Ge-S based chalcogenide glass induced by femtosecond laser irradiation

S. H. Messaddeq, R. Vallée, P. Soucy, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, and Y. Messaddeq  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 28, pp. 29882-29889 (2012)

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Self-organized periodic structures have been observed on the surface of the ablation craters of Ge-S based chalcogenide glass produced after irradiation by a focused beam of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser (1 kHz, 34 fs, 806 nm). Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy images of irradiated spots show a periodic structure of ripples with a spatial period of 720 nm (close to the wavelength of fs laser pulses) and an alignment parallel to the electric field of light. With an increasing number of pulses, from 5 to 50 pulses, a characteristic evolution of ripples was observed from a random structure to a series of generally aligned peaks-and-valleys self-organized periodic structures. Additionally, at the center of the ablated spot, micro-domains appear where the ripples are still regular but are assembled in a more complex fashion. The experimental observations are interpreted in terms of strong temperature gradients combined with interference of the incident laser irradiation and a scattered surface electromagnetic wave.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.3390) Lasers and laser optics : Laser materials processing
(160.2750) Materials : Glass and other amorphous materials
(320.2250) Ultrafast optics : Femtosecond phenomena

ToC Category:
Laser Microfabrication

Original Manuscript: October 10, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 6, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 8, 2012
Published: December 21, 2012

S. H. Messaddeq, R. Vallée, P. Soucy, M. Bernier, M. El-Amraoui, and Y. Messaddeq, "Self-organized periodic structures on Ge-S based chalcogenide glass induced by femtosecond laser irradiation," Opt. Express 20, 29882-29889 (2012)

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