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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 4 — Feb. 13, 2012
  • pp: 3456–3466

Analysis of a distributed fiber-optic temperature sensor using single-photon detectors

Shellee D. Dyer, Michael G. Tanner, Burm Baek, Robert H. Hadfield, and Sae Woo Nam  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 4, pp. 3456-3466 (2012)

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We demonstrate a high-accuracy distributed fiber-optic temperature sensor using superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors and single-photon counting techniques. Our demonstration uses inexpensive single-mode fiber at standard telecommunications wavelengths as the sensing fiber, which enables extremely low-loss experiments and compatibility with existing fiber networks. We show that the uncertainty of the temperature measurement decreases with longer integration periods, but is ultimately limited by the calibration uncertainty. Temperature uncertainty on the order of 3 K is possible with spatial resolution of the order of 1 cm and integration period as small as 60 seconds. Also, we show that the measurement is subject to systematic uncertainties, such as polarization fading, which can be reduced with a polarization diversity receiver.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(040.3780) Detectors : Low light level
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(190.5650) Nonlinear optics : Raman effect
(120.4825) Instrumentation, measurement, and metrology : Optical time domain reflectometry

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: November 9, 2011
Manuscript Accepted: January 10, 2012
Published: January 30, 2012

Shellee D. Dyer, Michael G. Tanner, Burm Baek, Robert H. Hadfield, and Sae Woo Nam, "Analysis of a distributed fiber-optic temperature sensor using single-photon detectors," Opt. Express 20, 3456-3466 (2012)

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