OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 5 — Feb. 27, 2012
  • pp: 5707–5724

Simplification of millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber system employing heterodyning of uncorrelated optical carriers and self-homodyning of RF signal at the receiver

A.H.M. Razibul Islam, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, and Graham E. Town  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 5, pp. 5707-5724 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.005707


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2546 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

A simplified millimeter-wave (mm-wave) radio-over-fiber (RoF) system employing a combination of optical heterodyning in signal generation and radio frequency (RF) self-homodyning in data recovery process is proposed and demonstrated. Three variants of the system are considered in which two independent uncorrelated lasers with a frequency offset equal to the desired mm-wave carrier frequency are used to generate the transmitted signal. Uncorrelated phase noise in the resulting mm-wave signal after photodetection was overcome by using RF self-homodyning in the data recovery process. Theoretical analyses followed by experimental results and simulated characterizations confirm the system’s performance. A key advantage of the system is that it avoids the need for high-speed electro-optic and electronic devices operating at the RF carrier frequency at both the central station and base stations.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2360) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics links and subsystems
(060.2920) Fiber optics and optical communications : Homodyning
(060.4080) Fiber optics and optical communications : Modulation
(300.3700) Spectroscopy : Linewidth
(060.5625) Fiber optics and optical communications : Radio frequency photonics
(060.2840) Fiber optics and optical communications : Heterodyne

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: December 19, 2011
Revised Manuscript: February 2, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: February 2, 2012
Published: February 23, 2012

Citation
A.H.M. Razibul Islam, Masuduzzaman Bakaul, Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, and Graham E. Town, "Simplification of millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber system employing heterodyning of uncorrelated optical carriers and self-homodyning of RF signal at the receiver," Opt. Express 20, 5707-5724 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-5-5707


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. “Cisco visual networking index: forecast and methodology, 2010-2015,” Cisco Systems Inc., CA, USA, 2011. http://www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white_paper_c11-481360_ns827_Networking_Solutions_White_Paper.html , accessed on 15 Dec 2011.
  2. Y. Li, A. Maedar, L. Fan, A. Nigam, and J. Chou, “Overview of femtocell support in advanced WiMAX systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag.49(7), 122–130 (2011). [CrossRef]
  3. M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Simplified multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” in Proceedings of IEEE European Conference on Optical Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2005), 809–810.
  4. A. Stöhr, “10 Gbit/s wireless transmission using millimeter-wave over optical fiber systems,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OTuO3, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2011-OTuO3 .
  5. T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, and Y. Ogawa, “Fiber-optic millimeter-wave uplink system incorporating remotely fed 60-GHz-band optical pilot tone,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.47, 1332–1337 (1999). [CrossRef]
  6. J. Yao, “Microwave photonics,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(3), 314–335 (2009). [CrossRef]
  7. L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Generation and transmission of millimeter-wave data-modulated optical signals using an optical injection phase-lock loop,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(2), 511–520 (2003). [CrossRef]
  8. Th. Pfeiffer and H. Schmuck, “Widely tunable actively mode-locked erbium fiber ring laser,” in Proceedings of Optical amplifiers and their applications (Second Tropical Meeting, Colorado, 1991), 116–119.
  9. J. J. O’Reilly and P. M. Lane, “Remote delivery of video services using mm-wave and optics,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(2), 369–375 (1994). [CrossRef]
  10. R.-P. Braun, G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, and F. Schmidt, “Low-phase-noise millimeter-wave generation at 64 GHz and data transmission using optical sideband injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(5), 728–730 (1998). [CrossRef]
  11. S. Pradhan, G. E. Town, and K. J. Grant, “Dual wavelength DBR fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1741–1743 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. A. H. M. Razibul Islam and G. E. Town, “A novel radio over fibre system using a dual-wavelength laser,” in Proceedings of Photonics 2008 (IIT, New Delhi, India, 2008), 1–4.
  13. Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, and G. K. Chang, “Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength resuse and architecture,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(11), 3452–3471 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. L. Chen, H. Wen, and S. Wen, “A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(19), 2056–2058 (2006). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Wu and X. Zhang, “Impact of nonlinear distortion in radio over fiber systems with single-sideband and tandem single-sideband subcarrier modulations,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2076–2090 (2006). [CrossRef]
  16. A. Wiberg, P. Millan, M. Andres, P. A. Andrekson, and P. O. Hedevkist, “Fiber-optic 40-GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1938–1940 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. C.-S. Choi, Y. Shoji, and H. Ogawa, “Millimeter-wave fiber-fed wireless access systems based on dense wavelength-division-multiplexing networks,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(1), 232–241 (2008). [CrossRef]
  18. I. G. Insua, D. Plettemeier, and G. Schaffer, “Broadband radio-over-fiber based wireless access with 10 Gbits/s data rates,” J. Opt. Netw.8(1), 77–83 (2009). [CrossRef]
  19. A. H. M. Razibul Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, L. Mehedy, and G. Town, “Experimental demonstration of a heterodyned radio-over-fiber system using unlocked light-sources and RF homodyning at the receiver,” Proceedings of IEEE Opto-electronic Conference on Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2010), 714–715.
  20. A. H. M. Razibul Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Town, “Millimeter-wave radio-over-Fiber system based on heterodyned unlocked light sources and self-homodyned RF receiver,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(8), 459–461 (2011). [CrossRef]
  21. T. Kuri and K. Kitayama, “Optical heterodyne detection of millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signals with a remote dual-mode local light source,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.49(10), 2025–2029 (2001). [CrossRef]
  22. I. Garrett, D. J. Bond, J. B. Waite, D. S. L. Littis, and G. Jacobsen, “Impact of phase noise in weakly coherent systems: a new and accurate approach,” J. Lightwave Technol.8(3), 329–337 (1990). [CrossRef]
  23. G. J. Foschini, L. J. Greenstein, and G. Vannucci, “Noncoherent detection of coherent lightwave signals corrupted by phase noise,” IEEE Trans. Commun.36(3), 306–314 (1988). [CrossRef]
  24. W. P. Robin, “The relationship between phase jitter and noise density,” in Phase Noise in Signal Sources, (IEE, London, UK, 1984).
  25. V. Urick, M. Godinez, P. Devgan, J. McKinney, and F. Bucholtz, “Analysis of an analog fiber-optic link employing a low-biased Mach–Zehnder modulator followed by an erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(12), 2013–2019 (2009). [CrossRef]
  26. J. Wyrwas and M. Wu, “Dynamic range of frequency modulated direct-detection analog fiber optic link,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(24), 5552–5562 (2009). [CrossRef]
  27. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. L. Rakotondrainibe, Y. Kokar, G. Zaharia, G. Grunfelder, and G. El Zein, “Performance analysis of a 60 GHz near gigabit system for WPAN applications,” in Proceedings of Personal Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2010), 1038–1043.
  29. J. Yu, G. K. Chang, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, M. F. Huang, H. C. Chien, Y. T. Hsueh, W. Jian, C. Lieu, and Z. Dong, “Cost-effective optical millimeter technologies and field demonstrations for very high throughput wireless-over-fiber access systems,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(16), 2376–2397 (2010). [CrossRef]
  30. P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, M. Bakaul, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient transmission scheme for AWG-based DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(4), 206–208 (2007). [CrossRef]
  31. S. L. Jansen, D. Borne, and M. Kuschnerov, “Advances in modulation-formats for fiber-optic transmission systems,” in CLEO:2011- Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper CWJ1. http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=CLEO : S and I-2011–CWJ1
  32. M. N. Sakib, B. Hraimel, X. Zhang, K. Wu, T. Liu, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Impact of laser relative intensity noise on a multiband OFDM ultra wideband wireless signal over fiber system,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.2(10), 841–847 (2010). [CrossRef]
  33. L. A. Johansson and A. J. Seeds, “Millimeter-wave modulated optical signal generation with high spectral purity and wide-locking bandwidth using a fiber-integrated optical injection phase-lock loop,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(6), 690–692 (2000). [CrossRef]
  34. I. Garrett and G. Jacobsen, “The effect of laser linewidth on coherent optical receivers with nonsynchronous demodulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.5(4), 551–560 (1987). [CrossRef]
  35. J. R. Barry and E. A. Lee, “Performance of coherent optical receivers,” Proc. IEEE78(8), 1369–1394 (1990). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited