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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: C. Martijn de Sterke
  • Vol. 20, Iss. 7 — Mar. 26, 2012
  • pp: 7741–7748

Unconventional structure-assisted optical manipulation of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals

David Engström, Michael C.M. Varney, Martin Persson, Rahul P. Trivedi, Kris A. Bertness, Mattias Goksör, and Ivan I. Smalyukh  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 20, Issue 7, pp. 7741-7748 (2012)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.20.007741


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Abstract

Stable optical trapping and manipulation of high-index particles in low-index host media is often impossible due to the dominance of scattering forces over gradient forces. Here we explore optical manipulation in liquid crystalline structured hosts and show that robust optical manipulation of high-index particles, such as GaN nanowires, is enabled by laser-induced distortions in long-range molecular alignment, via coupling of translational and rotational motions due to helicoidal molecular arrangement, or due to elastic repulsive interactions with confining substrates. Anisotropy of the viscoelastic liquid crystal medium and particle shape give rise to a number of robust unconventional trapping capabilities, which we use to characterize defect structures and study rheological properties of various thermotropic liquid crystals.

© 2012 OSA

OCIS Codes
(140.7010) Lasers and laser optics : Laser trapping
(160.3710) Materials : Liquid crystals
(180.6900) Microscopy : Three-dimensional microscopy
(160.4236) Materials : Nanomaterials

ToC Category:
Optical Trapping and Manipulation

History
Original Manuscript: January 17, 2012
Revised Manuscript: March 3, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: March 4, 2012
Published: March 20, 2012

Virtual Issues
Vol. 7, Iss. 5 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Citation
David Engström, Michael C.M. Varney, Martin Persson, Rahul P. Trivedi, Kris A. Bertness, Mattias Goksör, and Ivan I. Smalyukh, "Unconventional structure-assisted optical manipulation of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals," Opt. Express 20, 7741-7748 (2012)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-20-7-7741


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