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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 11 — Jun. 3, 2013
  • pp: 13402–13407

Long distance fiber Bragg grating strain sensor interrogation using a high speed Raman-based Fourier domain mode-locked fiber laser with recycled residual Raman pump

Sunduck Kim, Oh-Jang Kwon, Hyeong-Seok Lee, Chang-Seok Kim, and Young-Geun Han  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 11, pp. 13402-13407 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.013402


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Abstract

We propose a novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor interrogation using a Raman-based Fourier-domain mode locking (FDML) fiber laser for a high speed and long distance measurement. A residual Raman pump after the generation of the Raman-based FDML fiber laser is recycled for secondary signal amplification in a 2-m erbium-doped fiber (EDF) to further enhance the output power. The chromatic dispersion is precisely controlled to suppress the phase noise in the FDML laser cavity, resulting in the improvement of an R-number of 1.43 mm/dB. After recycling residual pump, we achieve the 40-km round trip transmission of the sensing probe signal with a high scan rate of 30.8 kHz. With 205-mW residual pump power, the bandwidth and the maximum gain are measured to be more than 50 nm, 10.3 dB at 1550 nm, respectively. The sensitivity of the proposed Raman-based FDML fiber laser to strain is also measured, which are 0.81 pm/╬╝strain in the spectral domain and 0.19 ns/╬╝strain in the time domain, respectively.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(060.2310) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics
(060.2370) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics sensors
(140.3510) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, fiber
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings

ToC Category:
Sensors

History
Original Manuscript: April 10, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 20, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 21, 2013
Published: May 28, 2013

Citation
Sunduck Kim, Oh-Jang Kwon, Hyeong-Seok Lee, Chang-Seok Kim, and Young-Geun Han, "Long distance fiber Bragg grating strain sensor interrogation using a high speed Raman-based Fourier domain mode-locked fiber laser with recycled residual Raman pump," Opt. Express 21, 13402-13407 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-11-13402


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