OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2013
  • pp: 15121–15130

A Bell-Bloom experiment with polarization-modulated light of arbitrary duty cycle

I. Fescenko, P. Knowles, A. Weis, and E. Breschi  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 13, pp. 15121-15130 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1795 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We report on a study of polarization-modulation experiments on the 4 → 3 hyperfine component of the D1 transition in Cs vapor contained in a paraffin-coated cell. The laser beam’s polarization was switched between left- and right-circular polarization at a rate of 200 Hz. Variations of the transmitted light power were recorded while varying the amplitude of a transverse magnetic field. The power shows electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) resonances when the atomic Larmor frequency matches a harmonic of the modulation frequency. We made a quantitative study of the resonance amplitudes with square-wave modulations of various duty cycles, and find an excellent agreement with recent algebraic model predictions.

© 2013 osa

OCIS Codes
(020.1670) Atomic and molecular physics : Coherent optical effects
(020.7490) Atomic and molecular physics : Zeeman effect
(230.1150) Optical devices : All-optical devices

ToC Category:
Atomic and Molecular Physics

Original Manuscript: April 29, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 31, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: June 10, 2013
Published: June 17, 2013

I. Fescenko, P. Knowles, A. Weis, and E. Breschi, "A Bell-Bloom experiment with polarization-modulated light of arbitrary duty cycle," Opt. Express 21, 15121-15130 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. Bell and A. Bloom, “Optically driven spin precession,” Phys. Rev. Lett.6, 280–281 (1961). [CrossRef]
  2. V. Schultze, R. IJsselsteijn, T. Scholtes, S. Woetzel, and H. Meyer, “Characteristics and performance of an intensity-modulated optically pumped magnetometer in comparison to the classical Mxmagnetometer,” Opt. Express20, 14201–14212 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. N. W. Gawlik, L. Krzemien, S. Pustelny, D. Sangla, J. Zachorowski, M. Graf, A.O. Sushkov, and D. Budker, “Nonlinear Magneto-Optical Rotation with Amplitude-Modulated Light,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 131108 (2006). [CrossRef]
  4. V. Acosta, M. P. Ledbetter, S. M. Rochester, D. Budker, D. F. Jackson-Kimball, D. C. Hovde, W. Gawlik, S. Pustelny, and J. Zachorowski, “Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with frequency-modulated light in the geophysical field range,” Phys. Rev. A73, 053404 (2006). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Huang and J. C. Camparo, “Coherent population trapping under periodic polarization modulation: Appearance of the CPT doublet,” Phys. Rev. A85, 012509 (2012). [CrossRef]
  6. A. Ben-Kish and M.V. Romalis, “Dead-Zone-Free Atomic Magnetometry with Simultaneous Excitation of Orientation and Alignment Resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105,193601 (2010). [CrossRef]
  7. Z. D. Grujić and A. Weis, “Atomic magnetic resonance induced by a amplitude-, frequency-, or polarization-modulated light,” arXiv:1305.6574 [physics.atom-ph] (May2013).
  8. E. B. Aleksandrov, “Optical manifestations of the interference of nondegenerate atomic states,” Sov. Phys. Usp.15, 436–451 (1973). [CrossRef]
  9. E. B. Alexandrov, M. Auzinsh, D. Budker, D. F. Kimball, S. M. Rochester, and V. V. Yashchuk, “Dynamic effects in nonlinear magneto-optics of atoms and molecules: review,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B22, 7–20 (2005). [CrossRef]
  10. N. Castagna and A. Weis, “Measurement of longitudinal and transverse spin relaxation rates using the ground-state Hanle effect,” Phys. Rev. A84, 053421 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G.M. Tino, “Doppler-free spectroscopy using magnetically induced dichroism of atomic vapor: a new scheme for laser frequency locking,” Eur. Phys. J. D22, 279–283 (2003). [CrossRef]
  12. G. Wasik, W. Gawlik, J. Zachorowski, and W. Zawadzki, “Laser frequency stabilization by Doppler-free magnetic dichroism,” Appl Phys. B75, 613–619 (2002). [CrossRef]
  13. N. Castagna, G. Bison, G. Di Domenico, A. Hofer, P. Knowles, C. Macchione, H. Saudan, and A. Weis, “A large sample study of spin relaxation and magnetometric sensitivity of paraffin-coated Cs vapor cells,” Appl. Phys. B96, 763–772 (2009). [CrossRef]
  14. E. Breschi, Z. Grujić, and A. Weis, “In-situ calibration of magnetic field coils using free-induction decay of atomic alignment,” submitted to Appl. Phys. B(2013).
  15. E. Breschi and A. Weis, “Ground-state Hanle effect based on atomic alignment,” Phys. Rev. A86, 053427 (2012). [CrossRef]
  16. E. B. Alexandrov, M. V. Balabas, A. S. Pasgalev, A. K. Vershovskii, and N. N. Yakobson, “Double-resonance atomic magnetometers: from gas discharge to laser pumping,” Laser Phys.251, 244–251 (1996).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited