OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 13 — Jul. 1, 2013
  • pp: 15980–15986

Switchable telescopic contact lens

Eric. J. Tremblay, Igor Stamenov, R. Dirk Beer, Ashkan Arianpour, and Joseph E. Ford  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 13, pp. 15980-15986 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1268 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We present design and first demonstration of optics for a telescopic contact lens with independent optical paths for switching between normal and magnified vision. The magnified optical path incorporates a telescopic arrangement of positive and negative annular concentric reflectors to achieve 2.8x magnification on the eye, while light passing through a central clear aperture provides unmagnified vision. We present an experimental demonstration of the contact lens mounted on a life-sized optomechanical model eye and, using a pair of modified commercial 3D television glasses, demonstrate electrically operated polarization switching between normal and magnified vision.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(330.4460) Vision, color, and visual optics : Ophthalmic optics and devices
(330.3795) Vision, color, and visual optics : Low-vision optics
(330.7321) Vision, color, and visual optics : Vision coupled optical systems

ToC Category:
Vision, Color, and Visual Optics

Original Manuscript: March 11, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 27, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 29, 2013
Published: June 27, 2013

Virtual Issues
Vol. 8, Iss. 8 Virtual Journal for Biomedical Optics

Eric. J. Tremblay, Igor Stamenov, R. Dirk Beer, Ashkan Arianpour, and Joseph E. Ford, "Switchable telescopic contact lens," Opt. Express 21, 15980-15986 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. D. S. Friedman, B. J. O'Colmain, and I. Mestril, “2012Fifth Edition of Vision Problems in the U.S.,” http://www.visionproblemsus.org/introduction/acknowledgments.html .
  2. C. Dickinson, Low Vision: Principles and Practice (Buttorworth-Heinemann, 1998).
  3. J. P. Szlyk, W. Seiple, D. J. Laderman, R. Kelsch, J. Stelmack, and T. McMahon, “Measuring the Effectiveness of Bioptic Telescopes for Persons with Central Vision Loss,” J. Rehabil. Res. Dev.37(1), 101–108 (2000). [PubMed]
  4. A. Isen, “Feinbloom miniscope contact lens,” Encyclopedia of contact lens practice. 13, 53–55 (1963).
  5. J. Lavinsky, G. Tomasetto, and E. Soares, “Use of a contact lens telescopic system in low vision patients,” Int. J. Rehabil. Res.24(4), 337–340 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. S. Lane and B. D. Kuppermann, “The implantable miniature telescope for macular degeneration,” Curr. Opin. Ophthalmol.17(1), 94–98 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. Peli, “The optical functional advantages of an intraocular low-vision telescope,” Optom. Vis. Sci.79(4), 225–233 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. J. Tremblay, R. A. Stack, R. L. Morrison, and J. E. Ford, “Ultrathin cameras using annular folded optics,” Appl. Opt.46(4), 463–471 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. E. J. Tremblay, R. D. Beer, A. Arianpour, and J. E. Ford, “Telescopic vision contact lens,” Proc. SPIE7885, 788510, 788510-8 (2011). [CrossRef]
  10. W. F. Provines, A. J. Rahe, M. G. Block, T. Pena, and T. J. Tredici, “Yellow lens effects upon visual acquisition performance,” Aviat. Space Environ. Med.63(7), 561–564 (1992). [PubMed]
  11. HDS HI 1.54 (pahrifocon A),” http://www.gpspecialists.com/pdf/hsdhi_insert.pdf
  12. R. Watkins, “Zemax Models of the Human Eye,” http://www.radiantzemax.com/kb-en/KnowledgebaseArticle50285.aspx .
  13. F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Optical and retinal factors affecting visual resolution,” J. Physiol.181(3), 576–593 (1965). [PubMed]
  14. R. Hilz and C. R. Cavonius, “Functional organization of the peripheral retina: Sensitivity to periodic stimuli,” Vision Res.14(12), 1333–1337 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. M. Anstis, “Letter: A chart demonstrating variations in acuity with retinal position,” Vision Res.14(7), 589–592 (1974). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Arianpour, E. J. Tremblay, I. Stamenov, J. E. Ford, D. J. Schanzlin, and Y. Lo, “An Optomechanical Model Eye for Ophthalmological Refractive Studies,” J. Refract. Surg.29(2), 126–132 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited