OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 14 — Jul. 15, 2013
  • pp: 17315–17323

On-chip optical phase locking of single growth monolithically integrated slotted fabry perot lasers

P. E. Morrissey, W. Cotter, D. Goulding, B. Kelleher, S. Osborne, H. Yang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 14, pp. 17315-17323 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1954 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



This work investigates the optical phase locking performance of Slotted Fabry Perot (SFP) lasers and develops an integrated variable phase locked system on chip for the first time to our knowledge using these lasers. Stable phase locking is demonstrated between two SFP lasers coupled on chip via a variable gain waveguide section. The two lasers are biased differently, one just above the threshold current of the device with the other at three times this value. The coupling between the lasers can be controlled using the variable gain section which can act as a variable optical attenuator or amplifier depending on bias. Using this, the width of the stable phase locking region on chip is shown to be variable.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.0250) Integrated optics : Optoelectronics
(130.3120) Integrated optics : Integrated optics devices
(140.3520) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, injection-locked

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

Original Manuscript: March 11, 2013
Revised Manuscript: May 1, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: May 23, 2013
Published: July 12, 2013

P. E. Morrissey, W. Cotter, D. Goulding, B. Kelleher, S. Osborne, H. Yang, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, "On-chip optical phase locking of single growth monolithically integrated slotted fabry perot lasers," Opt. Express 21, 17315-17323 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. Lang, “Injection locking properties of a semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(6), 976–983 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. I. Petitbon, P. Gallion, G. Debarge, and C. Chabran, “Locking bandwidth and relaxation oscillations of an injection-locked semiconductor laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.24(2), 148–154 (1988). [CrossRef]
  3. L. Chrostowski, C. H. Chang, and C. Chang-Hasnain, “Reduction of relative intensity noise and improvement of spur-free dynamic range of an injection locked VCSEL”, IEEE LEOS ANN MTG2, 706–707 (2003).
  4. J. Wang, M. K. Haldar, L. Li, and F. V. C. Mendis, “Enhancement of modulation bandwidth of laser diodes by injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 34–36 (1996). [CrossRef]
  5. S. P. Hegarty, D. Goulding, B. Kelleher, G. Huyet, M.-T. Todaro, A. Salhi, A. Passaseo, and M. De Vittorio, “Phase-locked mutually coupled 1.3 m quantum-dot lasers,” Opt. Lett.32(22), 3245–3247 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H.-J. Wünsche, S. Bauer, J. Kreissl, O. Ushakov, N. Korneyev, F. Henneberger, E. Wille, H. Erzgräber, M. Peil, W. Elsäßer, and I. Fischer, “Synchronization of Delay-Coupled Oscillators: A Study of Semiconductor Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.94, 163901 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. Heil, I. Fischer, W. Elsässer, J. Mulet, and C. R. Mirasso, “Chaos Synchronization and Spontaneous Symmetry-Breaking in Symmetrically Delay-Coupled Semiconductor Lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.86, 795 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Kelleher, C. Bonatto, P. Skoda, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Excitation regeneration in delay-coupled oscillators,” Phys. Rev. E81, 036204 (2010). [CrossRef]
  9. H. Erzgrber, S. Wieczorek, and B. Krauskopf, “Dynamics of two laterally coupled semiconductor lasers: Strong-and weak-coupling theory,” Phys. Rev. E78, 066201 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. W. Coomans, L. Gelens, S. Beri, J. Danckaert, and G. Van der Sande, “Solitary and coupled semiconductor ring lasers as optical spiking neurons,” Phys. Rev. E84, 036209 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. D. W. Sukow, A. Gavrielides, T. Erneux, B. Mooneyham, K. Lee, J. McKay, and J. Davis, “Asymmetric square waves in mutually coupled semiconductor lasers with orthogonal optical injection,” Phys. Rev. E81, 025206 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. C. Masoller, D. Sukow, A. Gavrielides, and M. Sciamanna, “Bifurcation to square-wave switching in orthogonally delay-coupled semiconductor lasers: Theory and experiment,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023838 (2011). [CrossRef]
  13. D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, O. Rasskazov, S. Melnik, M. Hartnett, G. Greene, J. G. McInerney, D. Rachinskii, and G. Huyet, “Excitability in a Quantum Dot Semiconductor Laser with Optical Injection,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 153903 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, T. B. Simpson, and D. Lenstra, “The dynamical complexity of optically injected semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rep.416(12), (2005). [CrossRef]
  15. S. Wieczorek, B. Krauskopf, and D. Lenstra, “Mechanisms for multistability in a semiconductor laser with optical injection,” Opt. Commun.183, 215–226 (2000). [CrossRef]
  16. T. Erneux, E. A. Viktorov, B. Kelleher, D. Goulding, S. P. Hegarty, and G. Huyet, “Optically Injected Quantum Dot Lasers,” Opt. Lett.35(7), 937–939 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, and K. Panajotov, “Bifurcation to polarization switching and locking in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with optical injection,” Phys. Rev. A76, (2007). [CrossRef]
  18. W. Coomans, S. Beri, G. Van der Sande, L. Gelens, and J. Danckaert, “Optical injection in semiconductor ring lasers,” Phys. Rev. A81(3), (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. N. A. Naderi, M. Pochet, F. Grillot, N. B. Terry, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, “Modeling the Injection-Locked Behavior of a Quantum Dash Semiconductor Laser,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron.15(3), (2009). [CrossRef]
  20. A. Hurtado, A. Quirce, A. Valle, L. Pesquera, and M. Adams, “Nonlinear dynamics induced by parallel and orthogonal optical injection in 1550 nm Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers (VCSELs),” Opt. Express18, 9423–9428 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. P. Heinricht, B. Wetzel, S. O’Brien, A. Amann, and S. Osborne, “Bistability in an injection locked two color laser with dual injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 011104 (2011). [CrossRef]
  22. W. Cotter, D. Goulding, B. Roycroft, J. O’Callaghan, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Investigation of active filter using injection-locked slotted Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” J. Appl. Opt.51, 7357–7361, (2012). [CrossRef]
  23. P. E. Morrissey, W. Cotter, J. O’Callaghan, H. Yang, B. Roycroft, D. Goulding, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Multiple coherent outputs from single growth monolithically integrated injection locked tunable lasers,” in International Conference on Indium Phosphide and Related Materials (IPRM, 2012).
  24. P. J. Winzer and R. J. Essiambre, “Advanced Optical Modulation Formats,” Proceedings of the IEEE94(5), 952–985 (2006). [CrossRef]
  25. A. D. Ellis and F. C. G. Gunning, “Spectral density enhancement using coherent WDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(2), 504–506 (2005). [CrossRef]
  26. D. C. Byrne, J. P. Engelstaedter, G. Wei-Hua, L. Qiao Yin, B. Corbett, B. Roycroft, J. O’Callaghan, F. H. Peters, and J. F. Donegan, “Discretely Tunable Semiconductor Lasers Suitable for Photonic Integration,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 482–487 (2009). [CrossRef]
  27. Y. Hua, P. E. Morrissey, W. Cotter, C. L. M. Daunt, J. O’Callaghan, B. Roycroft, Y. Nan, N. Kelly, B. Corbett, and F. H. Peters, “Monolithic Integration of Single Facet Slotted Laser, SOA, and MMI Coupler,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(3), 257–260 (2013). [CrossRef]
  28. C. Bonatto, B. Kelleher, G. Huyet, and S. P. Hegarty, “Transition from unidirectional to delayed bidirectional coupling in optically coupled semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 026205 (2012).
  29. I. Fischer, Y. Liu, and P. Davis, “Synchronization of chaotic semiconductor laser dynamics on subnanosecond time scales and its potential for chaos communication,” Phys. Rev. A62, 011801 (2000). [CrossRef]
  30. K. Petermann, “External optical feedback phenomena in semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.1, 480–489 (1995). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited