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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 17 — Aug. 26, 2013
  • pp: 19473–19487

Quantum frequency conversion of quantum memory compatible photons to telecommunication wavelengths

Xavier Fernandez-Gonzalvo, Giacomo Corrielli, Boris Albrecht, Marcel.li Grimau, Matteo Cristiani, and Hugues de Riedmatten  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 17, pp. 19473-19487 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.019473


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Abstract

We report an experiment demonstrating quantum frequency conversion of weak light pulses compatible with atomic quantum memories to telecommunication wavelengths. We use a PPLN nonlinear waveguide to convert weak coherent states at the single photon level with a duration of 30 ns from a wavelength of 780 nm to 1552 nm. We measure a maximal waveguide internal (external) conversion efficiency ηγint = 0.41 (ηext = 0.25), and we show that the signal to noise ratio (SNR) is good enough to reduce the input photon number below 1. In addition, we show that the noise generated by the pump beam in the crystal is proportional to the spectral bandwidth of the device, suggesting that narrower filtering could significantly increase the SNR. Finally, we demonstrate that the quantum frequency converter can operate in the quantum regime by converting a time-bin qubit and measuring the qubit fidelity after conversion.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(270.0270) Quantum optics : Quantum optics
(190.4223) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear wave mixing
(270.5565) Quantum optics : Quantum communications
(270.5585) Quantum optics : Quantum information and processing

ToC Category:
Quantum Optics

History
Original Manuscript: May 31, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 25, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 26, 2013
Published: August 12, 2013

Citation
Xavier Fernandez-Gonzalvo, Giacomo Corrielli, Boris Albrecht, Marcel.li Grimau, Matteo Cristiani, and Hugues de Riedmatten, "Quantum frequency conversion of quantum memory compatible photons to telecommunication wavelengths," Opt. Express 21, 19473-19487 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-17-19473


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