OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 18 — Sep. 9, 2013
  • pp: 21337–21348

Intense supercontinuum generation exceeding 300eV using a two-color field in combination with a 400-nm few-cycle control pulse

Hongchuan Du, Yizhen Wen, Xiaoshan Wang, and Bitao Hu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 18, pp. 21337-21348 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (999 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We propose a method to control the harmonic process by using a two-color field in combination with a 400-nm few-cycle control pulse for the generation of an ultra-broadband supercontinuum with high efficiency. The ionization and acceleration steps in the harmonic process can be simultaneously controlled by using a three-color field synthesized by a 2000-nm driving pulse and two weak 800-nm and 400-nm control pulses. Then an intense supercontinuum covered by the spectral range from 140eV to 445eV is produced. The 3D macroscopic propagation is also employed to select the short quantum path of the supercontinuum, then intense isolated sub-100-as pulses with tunable central wavelengths are directly obtained within water window region. In addition, the generation of isolated attosecond pulses in the far field is also investigated. An isolated 52-as pulse can be generated by using a filter centered on axis to select the harmonics in the far field.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(190.4160) Nonlinear optics : Multiharmonic generation
(300.6560) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy, x-ray
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: June 18, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 31, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: August 26, 2013
Published: September 4, 2013

Hongchuan Du, Yizhen Wen, Xiaoshan Wang, and Bitao Hu, "Intense supercontinuum generation exceeding 300eV using a two-color field in combination with a 400-nm few-cycle control pulse," Opt. Express 21, 21337-21348 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004). [CrossRef]
  2. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009). [CrossRef]
  3. M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics1, 539–544 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett.37, 3891–3893 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ’single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.78, 1251–1254 (1997). [CrossRef]
  13. J. J. Carrera, X. M. Tong, and Shih.-I. Chu, “Creation and control of a single coherent attosecond xuv pulse by few-cycle intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A74, 023404 (2006). [CrossRef]
  14. P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004). [CrossRef]
  16. C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007). [CrossRef]
  17. C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express18, 11308–11315 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004). [CrossRef]
  21. M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009). [CrossRef]
  22. T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature (London)432, 605–608 (2004). [CrossRef]
  23. E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. Abel, D. Neumark, and S. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011). [CrossRef]
  28. H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010). [CrossRef]
  29. H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Opt. Express20, 9713–9725 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010). [CrossRef]
  32. S. F. Zhao, X. X. Zhou, P. C. Li, and Z. J. Chen, “Isolated short attosecond pulse produced by using an intense few-cycle shaped laser and an ultraviolet attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A78, 063404 (2008). [CrossRef]
  33. J. G. Chen, S. L. Zeng, and Y. J. Yang, “Generation of isolated sub-50-as pulses by quantum path control in the multicycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043401 (2010). [CrossRef]
  34. R. Lu, H. He, Y. Guo, and K. Han, “Theoretical study of single attosecond pulse generation with a three-colour laser field,” J. Phys. B42, 225601 (2009). [CrossRef]
  35. P. C. Li and Shih.-I. Chu, “Effects of macroscopic propagation on spectra of broadband supercontinuum harmonics and isolated-attosecond-pulse generation: coherent control of the electron quantum trajectories in two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A86, 013411 (2012). [CrossRef]
  36. C. L. Xia, G. T. Zhang, J. Wu, and X. S. Liu, “Single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field combined with a static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A81, 043420 (2010). [CrossRef]
  37. H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Attosecond ionization control for broadband supercontinuum generation using a weak 400-nm few-cycle controlling pulse,” Opt. Express20, 27226–27241 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191–1194 (1986).
  40. E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000). [CrossRef]
  41. A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992). [CrossRef]
  42. V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009). [CrossRef]
  43. C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011). [CrossRef]
  44. M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010). [CrossRef]
  45. C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012). [CrossRef]
  46. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: the role of the field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A55, 3204–3210 (1997). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited