OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 19 — Sep. 23, 2013
  • pp: 22063–22069

Phase-sensitive amplification in a single bi-directional PPLN waveguide

André Albuquerque, Benjamin J. Puttnam, Miguel Drummond, Áron Szabó, Dániel Mazroa, Satoshi Shinada, Naoya Wada, and Rogério Nogueira  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 19, pp. 22063-22069 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.022063


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1596 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We investigate phase-sensitive amplification (PSA) and phase regeneration of a binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) signal using a single periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) waveguide. The PPLN is operated bi-directionally in order to simultaneously achieve phase correlated signals and phase-sensitive (PS) operation. We use injection-locking for carrier phase recovery and a lead zirconate titanate (PZT) fiber stretcher to correct path length deviations in the in-line phase regenerator. We observe a trade-off between high PS gain provided by high pumping power and stability of the device.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(130.3730) Integrated optics : Lithium niobate
(190.4970) Nonlinear optics : Parametric oscillators and amplifiers

ToC Category:
Integrated Optics

History
Original Manuscript: April 22, 2013
Revised Manuscript: July 12, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: July 21, 2013
Published: September 12, 2013

Citation
André Albuquerque, Benjamin J. Puttnam, Miguel Drummond, Áron Szabó, Dániel Mazroa, Satoshi Shinada, Naoya Wada, and Rogério Nogueira, "Phase-sensitive amplification in a single bi-directional PPLN waveguide," Opt. Express 21, 22063-22069 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-19-22063


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. Kakande, F. Parmigiani, R. Slavik, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplifiers for regeneration of phase encoded optical signal formats,” in International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (2011), pp. 1–4. [CrossRef]
  2. K. Cvecek, K. Sponsel, C. Stephan, G. Onishchukov, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, B. Schmauss, and G. Leuchs, “Phase-preserving amplitude regeneration for a WDM RZ-DPSK signal using a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” Opt. Express16(3), 1923–1928 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Matsumoto and H. Sakaguchi, “DPSK signal regeneration using a fiber-based amplitude regenerator,” Opt. Express16(15), 11169–11175 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. K. Croussore and G. Li, “Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification,” J. of Sel. Top. in Quant. Elect.14, 648–658 (2008).
  6. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011). [CrossRef]
  7. C. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982). [CrossRef]
  8. B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides,” Opt. Express19(26), B131–B139 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. V. Drummond, J. D. Reis, R. N. Nogueira, P. P. Monteiro, A. L. Teixeira, S. Shinada, N. Wada, and H. Ito, “Error-free wavelength conversion at 160 Gbit/s in PPLN waveguide at room temperature,” Electron. Lett.45(22), 1135 (2009). [CrossRef]
  10. K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, and D. Richardson, “Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide,” Opt. Express17(22), 20393–20400 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Langrock, S. Kumar, J. E. McGeehan, A. E. Willner, and M. M. Fejer, “All-optical signal processing using χ(2) nonlinearities in guided-wave devices,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2579–2592 (2006). [CrossRef]
  12. B. J. Puttnam, Á. Szabó, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Multi-channel phase squeezing in a PPLN-PPLN PSA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2012), p. OW3C. [CrossRef]
  13. T. Umeki, M. Asobe, H. Takara, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Takenouchi, and Y. Miyamoto, “First demonstration of multi-span Transmission using phase and amplitude regeneration in PPLN-based PSA,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2013), p. OW1I.7. [CrossRef]
  14. A. Szabo, B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, and N. Wada, “Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator,” Photon. Tech. Lett.24(22), 2087–2089 (2012). [CrossRef]
  15. C. Lundström, B. Corcoran, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Phase and amplitude characteristics of a phase-sensitive amplifier operating in gain saturation,” Opt. Express20(19), 21400–21412 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Z. Zheng, L. An, Z. Li, X. Zhao, and X. Liu, “All-optical regeneration of DQPSK/QPSK signals based on phase-sensitive amplification,” Opt. Commun.281(10), 2755–2759 (2008). [CrossRef]
  17. A. Albuquerque, M. Drummond, R. N. Nogueira, B. J. Puttnam, S. Shinada, N. Wada, Á. Szabó, and D. Mazroa, “Investigation of black-box phase regeneration using single bi-directional PPLN waveguide,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2013), p. OW4C.2. [CrossRef]
  18. T. Volk and M. Wöhlecke, Lithium Niobate – Defects, Photorefraction and Ferroelectric Switching (Springer Series in Material Science, 2008), pp. 82–95.
  19. T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, and M. Asobe, “Highly efficient wavelength converter using direct-bonded PPZnLN ridge waveguide,” J. of Quant. Electron.46(8), 1206–1213 (2010). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited