OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 2 — Jan. 28, 2013
  • pp: 2195–2205

High-harmonic and single attosecond pulse generation using plasmonic field enhancement in ordered arrays of gold nanoparticles with chirped laser pulses

Ying-Ying Yang, Armin Scrinzi, Anton Husakou, Qian-Guang Li, Sarah L. Stebbings, Frederik Süßmann, Hai-Juan Yu, Seungchul Kim, Eckart Rühl, Joachim Herrmann, Xue-Chun Lin, and Matthias F. Kling  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 2195-2205 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1210 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Coherent XUV sources, which may operate at MHz repetition rate, could find applications in high-precision spectroscopy and for spatio-time-resolved measurements of collective electron dynamics on nanostructured surfaces. We theoretically investigate utilizing the enhanced plasmonic fields in an ordered array of gold nanoparticles for the generation of high-harmonic, extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) radiation. By optimization of the chirp of ultrashort laser pulses incident on the array, our simulations indicate a potential route towards the temporal shaping of the plasmonic near-field and, in turn, the generation of single attosecond pulses. The inherent effects of inhomogeneity of the local fields on the high-harmonic generation are analyzed and discussed. While taking the inhomogeneity into account does not affect the optimal chirp for the generation of a single attosecond pulse, the cut-off energy of the high-harmonic spectrum is enhanced by about a factor of two.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(240.6680) Optics at surfaces : Surface plasmons
(320.7110) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: November 13, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 23, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: December 24, 2012
Published: January 22, 2013

Ying-Ying Yang, Armin Scrinzi, Anton Husakou, Qian-Guang Li, Sarah L. Stebbings, Frederik Süßmann, Hai-Juan Yu, Seungchul Kim, Eckart Rühl, Joachim Herrmann, Xue-Chun Lin, and Matthias F. Kling, "High-harmonic and single attosecond pulse generation using plasmonic field enhancement in ordered arrays of gold nanoparticles with chirped laser pulses," Opt. Express 21, 2195-2205 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. L'Huillier, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, “Multiply charged ions formed by multiphoton absorption processes in the continuum,” Phys. Rev. Lett.48(26), 1814–1817 (1982). [CrossRef]
  2. P. B. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71(13), 1994–1997 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81(1), 163–234 (2009). [CrossRef]
  4. G. Sansone, L. Poletto, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy attosecond light sources,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 655–663 (2011). [CrossRef]
  5. M. Schultze, M. Fiess, N. Karpowicz, J. Gagnon, M. Korbman, M. Hofstetter, S. Neppl, A. L. Cavalieri, Y. Komninos, Th. Mercouris, C. A. Nicolaides, R. Pazourek, S. Nagele, J. Feist, J. Burgdörfer, A. M. Azzeer, R. Ernstorfer, R. Kienberger, U. Kleineberg, E. Goulielmakis, F. Krausz, and V. S. Yakovlev, “Delay in photoemission,” Science328(5986), 1658–1662 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Sansone, F. Kelkensberg, J. F. Pérez-Torres, F. Morales, M. F. Kling, W. Siu, O. Ghafur, P. Johnsson, M. Swoboda, E. Benedetti, F. Ferrari, F. Lépine, J. L. Sanz-Vicario, S. Zherebtsov, I. Znakovskaya, A. L’huillier, M. Y. Ivanov, M. Nisoli, F. Martín, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Electron localization following attosecond molecular photoionization,” Nature465(7299), 763–766 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics1(9), 539–544 (2007). [CrossRef]
  8. A. L. Cavalieri, N. Müller, Th. Uphues, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Baltuška, B. Horvath, B. Schmidt, L. Blümel, R. Holzwarth, S. Hendel, M. Drescher, U. Kleineberg, P. M. Echenique, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Heinzmann, “Attosecond spectroscopy in condensed matter,” Nature449(7165), 1029–1032 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Vernaleken, J. Weitenberg, T. Sartorius, P. Russbueldt, W. Schneider, S. L. Stebbings, M. F. Kling, P. Hommelhoff, H.-D. Hoffmann, R. Poprawe, F. Krausz, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Single-pass high-harmonic generation at 20.8 MHz repetition rate,” Opt. Lett.36(17), 3428–3430 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. C. Yost, T. R. Schibli, and J. Ye, “Efficient output coupling of intracavity high-harmonic generation,” Opt. Lett.33(10), 1099–1101 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. I. Pupeza, T. Eidam, J. Kaster, B. Bernhardt, J. Rauschenberger, A. Ozawa, E. Fill, T. Udem, M. F. Kling, J. Limpert, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, A. Tünnermann, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Power scaling of femtosecond enhancement cavities and high-power applications,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79141I, 79141I-13 (2011). [CrossRef]
  12. S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “High-harmonic generation by resonant plasmon field enhancement,” Nature453(7196), 757–760 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I.-Y. Park, S. Kim, J. Choi, D.-H. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, M. F. Kling, M. I. Stockman, and S.-W. Kim, “Plasmonic generation of ultrashort extreme-ultraviolet light pulses,” Nat. Photonics5(11), 677–681 (2011). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Husakou, F. Kelkensberg, J. Herrmann, and M. J. J. Vrakking, “Polarization gating and circularly-polarized high harmonic generation using plasmonic enhancement in metal nanostructures,” Opt. Express19(25), 25346–25354 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Husakou, S. J. Im, and J. Herrmann, “Theory of plasmon-enhanced high-order harmonic generation in the vicinity of metal nanostructures in noble gases,” Phys. Rev. A83(4), 043839 (2011). [CrossRef]
  16. S. L. Stebbings, F. Süßmann, Y. Y. Yang, A. Scrinzi, M. Durach, A. Rusina, M. I. Stockman, and M. F. Kling, “Generation of isolated attosecond extreme ultraviolet pulses employing nanoplasmonic field enhancement: optimization of coupled ellipsoids,” New J. Phys.13(7), 073010 (2011). [CrossRef]
  17. M. Sivis, M. Duwe, B. Abel, and C. Ropers, “Nanostructure-enhanced atomic line emission,” Nature485(7397), E1–E3 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Kim, J. Jin, Y.-J. Kim, I.-Y. Park, Y. Kim, and S.-W. Kim, “Kim et al. reply,” Nature485(7397), E1–E3 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields,” Nature421(6923), 611–615 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. S. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. L. Aquila, E. M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320(5883), 1614–1617 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1991).
  22. A. Plech, V. Kotaidis, M. Lorenc, and J. Boneberg, “Femtosecond laser near-field ablation from gold nanoparticles,” Nat. Phys.2(1), 44–47 (2006). [CrossRef]
  23. J. A. Fan, C. Wu, K. Bao, J. Bao, R. Bardhan, N. J. Halas, V. N. Manoharan, P. Nordlander, G. Shvets, and F. Capasso, “Self-assembled plasmonic nanoparticle clusters,” Science328(5982), 1135–1138 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. F. Li, Y. F. Huang, Y. Ding, Z. L. Yang, S. B. Li, X. S. Zhou, F. R. Fan, W. Zhang, Z. Y. Zhou, Y. Wu, B. Ren, Z. L. Wang, and Z. Q. Tian, “Shell-isolated nanoparticle-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Nature464(7287), 392–395 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. A. Taflove and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: the Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method (Artech House Publishers, 2004).
  26. H. Gai, J. Wang, and Q. Tian, “Modified Debye model parameters of metals applicable for broadband calculations,” Appl. Opt.46(12), 2229–2233 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. D. Feit, J. A. Fleck, and A. Steiger, “Solution of the Schrödinger equation by a spectral method,” J. Comput. Phys.47(3), 412–433 (1982). [CrossRef]
  28. K. J. Schafer, B. Yang, L. F. DiMauro, and K. C. Kulander, “Above threshold ionization beyond the high harmonic cutoff,” Phys. Rev. Lett.70(11), 1599–1602 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. V. C. Reed and K. Burnett, “Ionization of atoms in intense laser pulses using the Kramers-Henneberger transformation,” Phys. Rev. A42(5), 3152–3155 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. I. Yavuz, E. A. Bleda, Z. Altun, and T. Topcu, “Generation of a broadband XUV continuum in high-order-harmonic generation by spatially inhomogeneous fields,” Phys. Rev. A85(1), 013416 (2012). [CrossRef]
  31. B. Fetic, K. Kalajdzic, and D. B. Milosevic, “High-order harmonic generation by a spatially inhomogeneous field,” Ann. Phys., doi:. [CrossRef]
  32. M. F. Ciappina, J. Biegert, R. Quidant, and M. Lewenstein, “High-order-harmonic generation from inhomogeneous fields,” Phys. Rev. A85(3), 033828 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited