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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 2 — Jan. 28, 2013
  • pp: 2480–2490

Photonic crystal formation on optical nanofibers using femtosecond laser ablation technique

K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 2480-2490 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.002480


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Abstract

We demonstrate that thousands of periodic nano-craters are fabricated on a subwavelength-diameter tapered optical fiber, an optical nanofiber, by irradiating with just a single femtosecond laser pulse. A key aspect of the fabrication is that the nanofiber itself acts as a cylindrical lens and focuses the femtosecond laser beam on its shadow surface. We also demonstrate that the periodic nano-crater array on the nanofiber shows polarization dependent fiber Bragg grating (FBG) characteristics. Such FBG structures on the nanofiber may act as a 1-D photonic crystal due to the strong transverse and longitudinal confinement of the field.

© 2013 OSA

OCIS Codes
(270.5580) Quantum optics : Quantum electrodynamics
(060.3735) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber Bragg gratings
(140.3945) Lasers and laser optics : Microcavities
(060.4005) Fiber optics and optical communications : Microstructured fibers
(350.4238) Other areas of optics : Nanophotonics and photonic crystals
(220.4241) Optical design and fabrication : Nanostructure fabrication
(060.5565) Fiber optics and optical communications : Quantum communications
(050.6624) Diffraction and gratings : Subwavelength structures

ToC Category:
Photonic Crystals

History
Original Manuscript: October 22, 2012
Revised Manuscript: December 27, 2012
Manuscript Accepted: January 10, 2013
Published: January 25, 2013

Citation
K. P. Nayak and K. Hakuta, "Photonic crystal formation on optical nanofibers using femtosecond laser ablation technique," Opt. Express 21, 2480-2490 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-2-2480


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References

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