OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 20 — Oct. 7, 2013
  • pp: 24318–24325

Guided-mode resonance enhanced excitation and extraction of two-photon photoluminescence in a resonant waveguide grating

Jian Hung Lin, Chun-Yen Tseng, Ching-Ting Lee, Hung-Chih Kan, and Chia Chen Hsu  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 20, pp. 24318-24325 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1113 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



Guided-mode resonances enhanced excitation and extraction of two-photon photoluminescence (TPP) is demonstrated with a one-dimensional resonant waveguide grating (RWG) with a layer of fluorescent polymer (polyfluorene, PFO) on top. In this work, we design and fabricate a PFO RWG, in which two dispersive resonant modes in TE-polarization were measured. By aligning the red-shifting resonant mode with excitation wavelength in the infrared range, and the blue-shifting resonant mode with TPP spectrum in the visible range, the intensity of TPP can be enhanced up to 300-fold compared with that from a flat film with the same thickness coated on a glass slide. Such high enhancement results from firstly the strong evanescent local field in the waveguide layer due to the resonance between the incident light and the waveguide structure according to the results of rigorous coupled-wave analysis calculation, and secondly the enhanced extraction of the emission light which also resonates with the waveguide structure.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(050.1950) Diffraction and gratings : Diffraction gratings
(090.0090) Holography : Holography
(170.2520) Medical optics and biotechnology : Fluorescence microscopy
(050.5298) Diffraction and gratings : Photonic crystals

ToC Category:
Diffraction and Gratings

Original Manuscript: August 5, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 24, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 25, 2013
Published: October 3, 2013

Jian Hung Lin, Chun-Yen Tseng, Ching-Ting Lee, Hung-Chih Kan, and Chia Chen Hsu, "Guided-mode resonance enhanced excitation and extraction of two-photon photoluminescence in a resonant waveguide grating," Opt. Express 21, 24318-24325 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, “Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy,” Science248(4951), 73–76 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. L. Duveneck, M. Pawlak, D. Neuschäfer, E. Bar, W. Budach, U. Pieles, and M. Ehrat, “Novel bioaffinity sensors for trace analysis based on luminescence excitation by planar waveguides,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.38 (1-3), 88–95 (1997). [CrossRef]
  3. G. L. Duveneck, M. A. Bopp, M. Ehrat, L. P. Balet, M. Haiml, U. Keller, G. Marowsky, and S. Soria, “Two-photon fluorescence excitation of macroscopic areas on planar waveguides,” Biosens. Bioelectron.18(5-6), 503–510 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. S. Dittrich and P. Schwille, “Photobleaching and stabilization of fluorophores used for single-molecule analysis with one- and two-photon excitation,” Appl. Phys. B73(8), 829–837 (2001). [CrossRef]
  5. S. Soria, A. K. N. Thayil, G. Badenes, M. A. Bader, A. Selle, and G. Marowsky, “Resonant double grating waveguide structures as enhancement platforms for two-photon fluorescence excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(8), 081109 (2005). [CrossRef]
  6. S. S. Wang and R. Magnusson, “Theory and applications of guided-mode resonance filters,” Appl. Opt.32(14), 2606–2613 (1993). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. W. Budach, D. Neuschäfer, C. Wanke, and S.-D. Chibout, “Generation of transducers for fluorescence-based microarrays with enhanced sensitivity and their application for gene expression profiling,” Anal. Chem.75(11), 2571–2577 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Ganesh and B. T. Cunningham, “Photonic-crystal near ultraviolet reflectance filters fabricated by nanorelica molding,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(7), 071110 (2006). [CrossRef]
  9. N. Ganesh, W. Zhang, P. C. Mathias, E. Chow, J. A. N. T. Soares, V. Malyarchuk, A. D. Smith, and B. T. Cunningham, “Enhanced fluorescence emission from quantum dots on a photonic crystal surface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.2(8), 515–520 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Katchalski, S. Soria, E. Teitelbaum, A. A. Friesem, and G. Marowsky, “Two photon fluorescence sensors based on resonant grating waveguide structures,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.107(1), 121–125 (2005). [CrossRef]
  11. A. Muriano, K. N. A. Thayil, J.-P. Salvador, P. Loza-Alvarez, S. Soria, R. Galve, and M.-P. Marco, “Two-photon fluorescent immunosensor for androgenic hormones using resonant grating waveguide structures,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.174, 394–401 (2012). [CrossRef]
  12. P. C. Mathias, H.-Y. Wu, and B. T. Cunningham, “Employing two distinct photonic crystal resonances to improve fluorescence enhancement,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(2), 021111 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Siltanen, S. Leivo, P. Voima, M. Kauranen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, and M. Kuittinen, “Strong enhancement of second-harmonic generation in all-dielectric resonant waveguide grating,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(11), 111109 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. A. Saari, G. Genty, M. Siltanen, P. Karvinen, P. Vahimaa, M. Kuittinen, and M. Kauranen, “Giant enhancement of second-harmonic generation in multiple diffraction orders from sub-wavelength resonant waveguide grating,” Opt. Express18(12), 12298–12303 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Pokhriyal, M. Lu, V. Chaudhery, C.-S. Huang, S. Schulz, and B. T. Cunningham, “Photonic crystal enhanced fluorescence using a quartz substrate to reduce limits of detection,” Opt. Express18(24), 24793–24808 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. D. Lai, W. P. Liang, J. H. Lin, and C. C. Hsu, “Rapid fabrication of large-area periodic structures containing well-defined defects by combining holography and mask techniques,” Opt. Express13(14), 5331–5337 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. N. D. Lai, W. P. Liang, J. H. Lin, C. C. Hsu, and C. H. Lin, “Fabrication of two- and three-dimensional periodic structures by multi-exposure of two-beam interference technique,” Opt. Express13(23), 9605–9611 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of planar-grating diffraction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am.71(7), 811–818 (1981). [CrossRef]
  19. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, “Rigorous coupled-wave analysis of metallic surface-relief gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A3(11), 1780–1787 (1986). [CrossRef]
  20. M. G. Moharam, D. A. Pommet, E. B. Grann, and T. K. Gaylord, “Stable implementation of the rigorous coupled-wave analysis for surface-relief gratings: enhanced transmittance matrix approach,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A12(5), 1077–1086 (1995). [CrossRef]
  21. D. L. Brundrett, E. N. Glytsis, and T. K. Gaylord, “Homogeneous layer models for high-spatial-frequency dielectric surface-relief gratings: conical diffraction and antireflection designs,” Appl. Opt.33(13), 2695–2706 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
Fig. 4 Fig. 5

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited