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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 25277–25284

Optical limiting effect and ultrafast saturable absorption in a solid PMMA composite containing porphyrin-covalently functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Xiao-Liang Zhang, Zhi-Bo Liu, Xin Zhao, Xiao-Qing Yan, Xiao-Chun Li, and Jian-Guo Tian  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 25277-25284 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.025277


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Abstract

A versatile solid Poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) composite containing porphyrin-covalently functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs-TPP) was prepared through free radical polymerization without additional dispersion stabilizer. Using nanosecond, femtosecond pulse Z-scan and degenerate femtosecond pump-probe techniques, we studied the optical limiting effect, ultrafast saturable absorption and transient differential transmission of the composite. Results show that the solid composite exhibits weaker optical limiting effects than that of the suspension at 532 nm under nanosecond pulse, due to the absence of nonlinear scattering mechanism. The composite also shows ultrafast saturable absorption with a relaxation time about 190 fs at 800 nm under femtosecond pulse due to band-filling effect, comparably to the suspension. The versatile solid composite can be the candidate for uses in applications of ultrafast optical switching and mode-locking element or optical limiter for nanosecond pulse.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(190.0190) Nonlinear optics : Nonlinear optics
(190.4710) Nonlinear optics : Optical nonlinearities in organic materials
(190.7110) Nonlinear optics : Ultrafast nonlinear optics

ToC Category:
Nonlinear Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 20, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 27, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 30, 2013
Published: October 15, 2013

Citation
Xiao-Liang Zhang, Zhi-Bo Liu, Xin Zhao, Xiao-Qing Yan, Xiao-Chun Li, and Jian-Guo Tian, "Optical limiting effect and ultrafast saturable absorption in a solid PMMA composite containing porphyrin-covalently functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes," Opt. Express 21, 25277-25284 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-21-25277


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