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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 25403–25417

Numerical characterization of an ultra-high NA coherent fiber bundle part II: point spread function analysis

Stefaan Heyvaert, Heidi Ottevaere, Ireneusz Kujawa, Ryszard Buczynski, and Hugo Thienpont  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 25403-25417 (2013)

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Straightforward numerical integration of the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld diffraction integral (R-SDI) remains computationally challenging, even with today’s computational resources. As such, approximating the R-SDI to decrease the computation time while maintaining a good accuracy is still a topic of interest. In this paper, we apply an approximation for the R-SDI that is to be used to propagate the field exiting a Coherent Fiber Bundle (CFB) with ultra-high numerical aperture (0.928) of which we presented the design and modal properties in previous work. Since our CFB has single-mode cores with a diameter (550nm) smaller than the wavelength (850nm) for which the CFB was designed, we approximate the highly divergent fundamental modes of the cores with real Dirac delta functions. We find that with this approximation we can strongly reduce the computation time of the R-SDI while maintaining a good agreement with the results of the full R-SDI. Using this approximation, we first determine the Point Spread Function (PSF) for an ‘ideal’ output field exiting the CFB (identical amplitudes for cores on a perfect hexagonal lattice with the phase of each core determined by the appropriate spherical and tilted plane wave front). Next, we analyze the PSF when amplitude or phase noise is superposed onto this ‘ideal’ field. We find that even in the presence of these types of noise, the effect on the central peak of PSF is limited. From these types of noise, phase noise is found to have the biggest impact on the PSF.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2270) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber characterization
(060.2350) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics imaging
(060.2400) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber properties
(170.2150) Medical optics and biotechnology : Endoscopic imaging

ToC Category:
Medical Optics and Biotechnology

Original Manuscript: July 10, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 10, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 7, 2013
Published: October 17, 2013

Stefaan Heyvaert, Heidi Ottevaere, Ireneusz Kujawa, Ryszard Buczynski, and Hugo Thienpont, "Numerical characterization of an ultra-high NA coherent fiber bundle part II: point spread function analysis," Opt. Express 21, 25403-25417 (2013)

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