OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 21 — Oct. 21, 2013
  • pp: 25565–25572

Rotatable illusion media for manipulating terahertz electromagnetic waves

XiaoFei Zang, Zhou Li, Cheng Shi, Lin Chen, Bin Cai, YiMing Zhu, Li Li, and XiaoBin Wang  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 21, pp. 25565-25572 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.025565


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (3603 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

Based on composite optical transformation, we propose a rotatable illusion media with positive permittivity and permeability to manipulate terahertz waves, and a new way to realize singular parameter-independent cloaks when the incident wave with a certain width propagates from specific incident directions. The fundamental mechanism of this kind of cloak is that the illusion media can be able to avoid the incident wave interacting with the objects. Comparing with traditional transformation-coordinate-based cloaks such as cylindrical-shaped cloaks, our cloaks are independent of singular material parameters. Furthermore, this type of rotatable illusion media can be applied to design tunable miniaturized high-directivity antenna (a small antenna array covered with the rotatable illusion media appears like a large one and meanwhile, the radiation directions of the small antenna array is tunable via this rotatable illusion media). Full wave simulations are performed to confirm these points.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(230.0230) Optical devices : Optical devices
(160.3918) Materials : Metamaterials
(260.2710) Physical optics : Inhomogeneous optical media

ToC Category:
Physical Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 20, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 20, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: September 20, 2013
Published: October 18, 2013

Citation
XiaoFei Zang, Zhou Li, Cheng Shi, Lin Chen, Bin Cai, YiMing Zhu, Li Li, and XiaoBin Wang, "Rotatable illusion media for manipulating terahertz electromagnetic waves," Opt. Express 21, 25565-25572 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-21-25565


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9(5), 387–396 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Zolla, S. Guenneau, A. Nicolet, and J. B. Pendry, “Electromagnetic analysis of cylindrical invisibility cloaks and the mirage effect,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1069–1071 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008). [CrossRef]
  10. C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, B. L. Zhang, B. I. Wu, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Spherical cloaking using nonlinear transformations for improved segmentation into concentric isotropic coatings,” Opt. Express17(16), 13467–13478 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131902 (2010). [CrossRef]
  12. W. R. Zhu, I. Shadrivov, D. Powell, and Y. Kivshar, “Hiding in the corner,” Opt. Express19(21), 20827–20832 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007). [CrossRef]
  14. M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 181–183 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013). [CrossRef]
  20. W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009). [CrossRef]
  21. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008). [CrossRef]
  22. P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011). [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).
  24. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008). [CrossRef]
  25. C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express16(17), 13414–13420 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009). [CrossRef]
  27. T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(12), 124104 (2010). [CrossRef]
  28. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “A experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave fequency,” Phys. Rev. B80(20), 201104 (2009). [CrossRef]
  30. S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009). [CrossRef]
  33. J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat Commun1(3), 21 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. B. L. Zhang, T. Chan, and B. I. Wu, “Lateral shift makes a ground-plane cloak detectable,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233903 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

Figures

Fig. 1 Fig. 2 Fig. 3
 
Fig. 4
 

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited