OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 22 — Nov. 4, 2013
  • pp: 25977–25984

Tunable, multiwavelength Tm-doped fiber laser based on polarization rotation and four-wave-mixing effect

Xiong Wang, Yadong Zhu, Pu Zhou, Xiaolin Wang, Hu Xiao, and Lei Si  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 22, pp. 25977-25984 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.025977


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2403 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a tunable multiwavelength fiber laser employing polarization-maintaining Tm-doped fiber based on polarization rotation and four-wave-mixing effect. Polarization-maintaining Tm-doped fiber and polarization controllers were employed to manipulate the polarization modes in the laser, and 400 m long single-mode passive fiber was used to enhance the four-wave-mixing effect and suppress the polarization mode competition. Stable fiber laser operation of 1-6 wavelengths around 1.9 μm was achieved at room temperatures. The wavelengths can be tuned through adjusting the polarization controllers. The optical signal-to-noise ratio of the laser is more than 31 dB. The wavelength shift is less than 0.05 nm and the peak fluctuation of each wavelength is analyzed. For most of the wavelengths the peak fluctuations are less than 3 dB and the peak fluctuations of wavelengths with more stability are below 1.5 dB.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.2390) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics, infrared
(140.3070) Lasers and laser optics : Infrared and far-infrared lasers
(140.3600) Lasers and laser optics : Lasers, tunable
(060.3510) Fiber optics and optical communications : Lasers, fiber

ToC Category:
Lasers and Laser Optics

History
Original Manuscript: August 28, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 28, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 3, 2013
Published: October 23, 2013

Citation
Xiong Wang, Yadong Zhu, Pu Zhou, Xiaolin Wang, Hu Xiao, and Lei Si, "Tunable, multiwavelength Tm-doped fiber laser based on polarization rotation and four-wave-mixing effect," Opt. Express 21, 25977-25984 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-22-25977


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. S. Yamashita and K. Hotate, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser using intracavity etalon and cooled by liquid nitrogen,” Electron. Lett.32(14), 1298–1299 (1996). [CrossRef]
  2. N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, “24-line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(11), 1459–1461 (1996). [CrossRef]
  3. A. J. Poustie, N. Finlayson, and P. Harper, “Multiwavelength fiber laser using a spatial mode beating filter,” Opt. Lett.19(10), 716–718 (1994). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, “L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express12(16), 3834–3839 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Talaverano, S. Abad, S. Jarabo, and M. López-Amo, “Multiwavelength fiber laser sources with Bragg-grating sensor multiplexing capability,” J. Lightwave Technol.19(4), 553–558 (2001). [CrossRef]
  6. B. Frison, A. R. Sarmani, L. R. Chen, X. Gu, and M. Saad, “Multi-wavelength S-band Tm: ZBLAN fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE8601, 86011s (2013). [CrossRef]
  7. N. Kurukitkoson, S. K. Turitsyn, A. S. Kurkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Multiple output wavelength composite Raman fiber converter,” Laser Phys.14(9), 1227–1230 (2004).
  8. G. Das and J. W. Y. Lit, “L-band multiwavelength fiber laser using an elliptical fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(5), 606–608 (2002). [CrossRef]
  9. D. S. Moon, B. H. Kim, A. Lin, G. Sun, W. T. Han, Y. G. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multi-wavelength SOA fiber laser based on a Sagnac loop mirror using an elliptical core side-hole fiber,” Opt. Express15(13), 8371–8376 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. Zhang, L. Liu, Z. Liu, S. Zheng, R. Zhao, and S. Jian, “Tunable multi-wavelength fiber laser based on a polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber and a polarization controller,” Opt. Commun.284(10-11), 2550–2553 (2011). [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, “Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express12(10), 2056–2061 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Liu, J. Yao, J. Yao, and T. H. Yeap, “Single-longitudinal-mode multiwavelength fiber ring laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(4), 1020–1022 (2004). [CrossRef]
  13. X. Liu, L. Zhan, S. Luo, Z. Gu, J. Liu, Y. Wang, and Q. Shen, “Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a nonlinear amplifying loop mirror assisted by un-pumped EDF,” Opt. Express20(7), 7088–7094 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Zhou, P. C. Chui, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Multiwavelength single-longitudinal-mode Ytterbium-doped fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(4), 385–388 (2013). [CrossRef]
  15. H. Ahmad, S. Shahi, and S. W. Harun, “Multi-wavelength laser generation with Bismuthbased Erbium-doped fiber,” Opt. Express17(1), 203–207 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, E. Leong, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(8), 1626–1628 (2005). [CrossRef]
  17. Y. G. Han, T. V. Tran, and S. B. Lee, “Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett.31(6), 697–699 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Wang, D. Weng, K. Li, Y. Liu, X. Yu, and X. Zhou, “Multi-wavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave-mixing effect in single mode fiber and high nonlinear fiber,” Opt. Express21(10), 12570–12578 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. G. Han and S. B. Lee, “Flexibly tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing effect in dispersion-shifted fibers,” Opt. Express13(25), 10134–10139 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, “Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 60–62 (1996). [CrossRef]
  21. X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, and C. C. Chan, “Multiwavelength Raman fiber laser with a continuously-tunable spacing,” Opt. Express14(8), 3288–3293 (2006). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. G. Sun, D. S. Moon, A. Lin, W. T. Han, and Y. Chung, “Tunable multiwavelength fiber laser using a comb filter based on erbium-ytterbium co-doped polarization maintaining fiber loop mirror,” Opt. Express16(6), 3652–3658 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, and W. C. Xu, “Tunable and switchable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser based on a modified dual-pass Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Opt. Lett.34(14), 2135–2137 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Zhang, Y. Jin, X. Feng, J. Zhou, Z. Li, and B. O. Guan, “Multiwavelength narrow linewidth erbium-doped fiber laser based on FP-LDs,” Opt. Express21(14), 16928–16933 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. H. Ahmad, M. Z. Zulkifli, N. A. Hassan, and S. W. Harun, “S-band multiwavelength ring Brillouin/Raman fiber laser with 20 GHz channel spacing,” Appl. Opt.51(11), 1811–1815 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Z. Zhang, L. Zhan, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Xia, and J. Lin, “Multiwavelength fiber laser with fine adjustment, based on nonlinear polarization rotation and birefringence fiber filter,” Opt. Lett.33(4), 324–326 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. S. Liu, S. Fu, M. Tang, P. Shum, and D. Liu, “A pump power controlled 1,060 nm multiwavelength fiber ring laser using nonlinear polarization rotation of SOA,” Appl. Phys. B110(4), 445–449 (2013). [CrossRef]
  28. W. Wang, H. Meng, X. Wu, W. Wang, H. Xue, C. Tan, and X. Huang, “Three channel-spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser with two segments of polarization-maintaining fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 470–472 (2012). [CrossRef]
  29. J. Tian, Y. Yao, Y. Sun, X. Yu, and D. Chen, “Multiwavelength Erbium-doped fiber laser employing nonlinear polarization rotation in a symmetric nonlinear optical loop mirror,” Opt. Express17(17), 15160–15166 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. C. Chan, B. O. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, “Effects of active fiber length on the tunability of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers,” Opt. Express11(26), 3622–3627 (2003). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. F. Wang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Fan, and Q. S. Lu, “High power widely tunable Tm:fiber laser with spectral linewidth of 10 pm,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(6), 450–453 (2010). [CrossRef]
  32. P. Zhou, X. Wang, Y. Ma, K. Han, and Z. Liu, “Stable all-fiber dual-wavelength thulium-doped fiber laser and its coherent beam combination,” Laser Phys.21(1), 184–187 (2011). [CrossRef]
  33. J. Geng, Q. Wang, J. Wang, S. Jiang, and K. Hsu, “All-fiber wavelength-swept laser near 2 μm,” Opt. Lett.36(19), 3771–3773 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. W. J. Peng, F. P. Yan, Q. Li, S. Liu, T. Feng, S. Y. Tan, and S. C. Feng, “1.94 μm switchable dual-wavelength Tm3+ fiber laser employing high-birefringence fiber Bragg grating,” Appl. Opt.52(19), 4601–4607 (2013). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. W. Shin, Y. L. Lee, B. A. Yu, Y. C. Noh, and T. J. Ahn, “Wavelength-tunable thulium-doped single mode fiber laser based on the digitally programmable micro-mirror array,” Opt. Fiber Technol.19(4), 304–308 (2013). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited