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Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 22 — Nov. 4, 2013
  • pp: 26150–26161

Resonance enhanced Raman scatter in liquid benzene at vapor-phase absorption peaks

Adam Willitsford, C. Todd Chadwick, Hans Hallen, Stewart Kurtz, and C. Russell Philbrick  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 22, pp. 26150-26161 (2013)

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The resonance enhanced Raman spectra in the 1B2u mode of the forbidden benzene electronic transition band, ~230-270 nm, has been investigated. Resonance enhanced Raman scattering in both liquid benzene and liquid toluene exhibit the greatest enhancement when the wavelength of excitation is tuned to the vapor-phase absorption peaks; even though the sample volume is in a liquid state. Raman signals for the symmetric breathing mode of the carbon ring are found to be resonantly enhanced by several orders of magnitude (>500X) with deep UV excitation compared to non-resonant visible excitation. Since the benzene absorbs near this resonant wavelength, its effect on the sampled volume cannot be neglected in determining the resonance gain, as we discuss in detail. Large resonant gains correspond with excitation at the 247, 253, and 259 nm absorption peaks in the benzene vapor spectrum. The narrow region of resonance gain is investigated in detail around the absorption peak located at 259 nm using 0.25 nm steps in the excitation wavelength. We observe the resonance gain tracking the vapor phase absorption peaks and valleys within this narrow range. Results are interpreted in terms of the coherence forced by the use of a forbidden transition for resonance excitation.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(040.7190) Detectors : Ultraviolet
(260.2510) Physical optics : Fluorescence
(260.5740) Physical optics : Resonance
(290.5860) Scattering : Scattering, Raman
(300.0300) Spectroscopy : Spectroscopy
(300.1030) Spectroscopy : Absorption

ToC Category:

Original Manuscript: August 27, 2013
Revised Manuscript: October 6, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 9, 2013
Published: October 24, 2013

Adam Willitsford, C. Todd Chadwick, Hans Hallen, Stewart Kurtz, and C. Russell Philbrick, "Resonance enhanced Raman scatter in liquid benzene at vapor-phase absorption peaks," Opt. Express 21, 26150-26161 (2013)

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