OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 23 — Nov. 18, 2013
  • pp: 27565–27577

Transfer matrix analysis of backscattering and reflection effects on WDM-PON systems

Joni Welman Simatupang and San-Liang Lee  »View Author Affiliations


Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 23, pp. 27565-27577 (2013)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.027565


View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (1232 KB)





Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


   


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools

Share
Citations

Abstract

This paper proposes using power transfer matrix analysis to characterize the effects of Rayleigh backscattering and Fresnel reflection on WDM-PON systems. The modeling of a WDM-PON system can be carried out simply by matrix multiplication of the corresponding matrices for all the building blocks, where all possible guided backward lights and resonant configurations along the optical network can be accounted for. The total sum of all interferences affecting the bidirectional transmission that leads to an optical crosstalk-to-signal (C/S) ratio can be modeled as back-reflections through cascaded two-port networks for the downstream and upstream signals. This approach is simple, robust, efficient, and also accurate. Its accuracy is verified for simple system architectures and then applied to study more complicated cases. The results show its versatility to analyze a wide variety of bidirectional optical transmission systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(060.0060) Fiber optics and optical communications : Fiber optics and optical communications
(060.4250) Fiber optics and optical communications : Networks

ToC Category:
Fiber Optics and Optical Communications

History
Original Manuscript: July 17, 2013
Revised Manuscript: September 13, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: October 13, 2013
Published: November 4, 2013

Citation
Joni Welman Simatupang and San-Liang Lee, "Transfer matrix analysis of backscattering and reflection effects on WDM-PON systems," Opt. Express 21, 27565-27577 (2013)
http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-21-23-27565


Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  

References

  1. Y. Khan, C. X. Yu, X. J. Xin, A. Ali, A. Husain, and B. Liu, “Rayleigh backscattering minimization on single-fiber colorless WDM-PON using intensity remodulation technique,” Optoelectron. Lett.8(5), 380–383 (2012). [CrossRef]
  2. U. H. Hong, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Maximum reach of long-reach RSOA-based WDM-PON employing remote EDFA,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC, Los Angeles, California, 2011), Paper OMP1. [CrossRef]
  3. U. H. Hong, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of Rayleigh backscattering in long-reach RSOA-based WDM-PON,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC, San Diego, California, 2010), Paper OThG1. [CrossRef]
  4. E. T. Lopez, J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Optimization of Rayleigh-limited WDM-PONs with reflective ONU by MUX positioning and optimal ONU gain,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(2), 97–99 (2010). [CrossRef]
  5. C. Arellano, K. D. Langer, and J. Prat, “Reflections and multiple Rayleigh backscattering in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(1), 12–18 (2009). [CrossRef]
  6. H. H. Lin, C. Y. Lee, S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, and G. Keiser, “WDM-PON systems using cross-remodulation to double network capacity with reduced Rayleigh scattering effects,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC, San Diego, California, 2008), Paper OTuH6. [CrossRef]
  7. C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs,” Opt. Express19(6), 4970–4976 (2011). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. A. Lazaro, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and J. Prat, “Rayleigh scattering reduction by means of optical frequency dithering in passive optical networks with remotely seeded ONUs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(1), 64–66 (2007). [CrossRef]
  9. J. Ko, S. Kim, J. Lee, S. Won, Y. S. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Estimation of performance degradation of bidirectional WDM transmission systems due to Rayleigh backscattering and ASE noises using numerical and analytical models,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(4), 938–946 (2003). [CrossRef]
  10. S. C. Lin, J. Y. Huang, S. L. Lee, G. Keiser, S. C. Ko, and T. W. Liaw, “WDM-PON with 10 Gb/s bidirectional transmission using cross-remodulation and dual-wavelength lasers,” in Proceedings of the 14th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC, Hongkong, China, 2009), Paper TuH5. [CrossRef]
  11. T. T. Pham, H. S. Kim, Y. Y. Won, and S. K. Han, “Colorless WDM-PON based on a Fabry-Pérot laser diode and reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers for simultaneous transmission of bidirectional gigabit baseband signals and broadcasting signal,” Opt. Express17(19), 16571–16580 (2009). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, A. Borghesani, I. Lealman, D. G. Moodie, and D. W. Smith, “Extended-reach PON employing 10Gb/s integrated reflective EAM-SOA,” in Proceedings of 34h European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC, Brussels, Belgium, 2008), Paper Th.2.F.1.
  13. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, C. J. Chae, X. F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, and J. Shankar, “High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” Opt. Express15(6), 2953–2962 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. Talli, C. W. Chow, and P. D. Townsend, “Modeling of modulation formats for interferometric noise mitigation,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(17), 3190–3198 (2008). [CrossRef]
  15. G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in long-reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs,” J. Opt. Netw.6(6), 765–776 (2007). [CrossRef]
  16. S. C. Lin, S. L. Lee, H. H. Lin, G. Keiser, and R. J. Ram, “Cross-seeding schemes for WDM-based next-generation optical access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(24), 3727–3736 (2011). [CrossRef]
  17. S. Gao, H. Hu, and H. Anis, “Impact of backreflections on single-fiber bidirectional transmission in WDM-PONs,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.3(10), 797–805 (2011). [CrossRef]
  18. W. Y. Hong, N. G. Qiang, G. Pan, and G. Kun, “Theoretical analysis on coherent noise by Rayleigh backscattering,” in Proceedings of IEEE International Forum on Information Technology and Applications (IFITA, Chengdu, China, 2009).
  19. K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM-PON utilizing remodulation technique,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(10), 1286–1295 (2009). [CrossRef]
  20. J. H. Moon, K. M. Choi, S. G. Mun, and C. H. Lee, “Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19(24), 2045–2047 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(2), 740–746 (2006). [CrossRef]
  22. B. Lannoo, G. Das, M. De Groote, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, and P. Demeester, “Techno-economic feasibility study of different WDM/TDM PON architectures, “ in Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, Munich, Germany, 2010), Paper Mo.C4.3. [CrossRef]
  23. H. Song, B. W. Kim, and B. Mukherjee, “Long-reach optical access networks: a survey of research challenges, demonstrations, and bandwidth assignment mechanisms,” IEEE Comm. Surveys Tutorials.12(1), 112–123 (2010). [CrossRef]
  24. J. Kani, “Enabling technologies for future scalable and flexible WDM-PON and WDM/TDM-PON systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(5), 1290–1297 (2010). [CrossRef]
  25. L. A. Coldren, S. W. Corzine, and M. L. Masanovic, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits 2nd Ed. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012).

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.


« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited