OSA's Digital Library

Optics Express

Optics Express

  • Editor: Andrew M. Weiner
  • Vol. 21, Iss. 23 — Nov. 18, 2013
  • pp: 28029–28039

Fully programmable two-dimensional pulse shaper for broadband line-by-line amplitude and phase control

Andrew J. Metcalf, Victor Torres-Company, V.R. Supradeepa, Daniel E. Leaird, and Andrew M. Weiner  »View Author Affiliations

Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 23, pp. 28029-28039 (2013)

View Full Text Article

Enhanced HTML    Acrobat PDF (2099 KB)

Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Browse by Journal and Year


Lookup Conference Papers

Close Browse Journals / Lookup Meetings

Article Tools



We introduce a fully programmable two-dimensional (2D) pulse shaper, able to simultaneously control the amplitude and phase of very fine spectral components over a broad bandwidth. This is achieved by aligning two types of spectral dispersers in a cross dispersion setup: a virtually imaged phased array for accessing fine resolution and a transmission grating for achieving broad bandwidth. We take advantage of the resultant 2D dispersion profile as well as introduce programmability by adding a 2D liquid crystal on silicon spatial light modulator at the masking plane. Our shaper has a resolution of ~3 GHz operating over the entire 'C' band of >5.8 THz. Experimental evidence is provided that highlights the full programmability, fine spectral control, and broad bandwidth operation (limited currently by the bandwidth of the input light). We also show line-by-line manipulation of record 836 comb lines over the C-band.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

OCIS Codes
(320.0320) Ultrafast optics : Ultrafast optics
(320.5540) Ultrafast optics : Pulse shaping

ToC Category:
Ultrafast Optics

Original Manuscript: September 19, 2013
Revised Manuscript: November 2, 2013
Manuscript Accepted: November 3, 2013
Published: November 7, 2013

Andrew J. Metcalf, Victor Torres-Company, V.R. Supradeepa, Daniel E. Leaird, and Andrew M. Weiner, "Fully programmable two-dimensional pulse shaper for broadband line-by-line amplitude and phase control," Opt. Express 21, 28029-28039 (2013)

Sort:  Author  |  Year  |  Journal  |  Reset  


  1. A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: a tutorial review,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3669–3692 (2011). [CrossRef]
  2. A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.71(5), 1929–1960 (2000). [CrossRef]
  3. J. P. Heritage and A. M. Weiner, “Advances in spectral optical code-division multiple-access communications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.13(5), 1351–1369 (2007). [CrossRef]
  4. N. Dudovich, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, “Single-pulse coherently controlled nonlinear Raman spectroscopy and microscopy,” Nature418(6897), 512–514 (2002). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, G. P. Wiederrecht, and K. A. Nelson, “Femtosecond pulse sequences used for optical manipulation of molecular motion,” Science247(4948), 1317–1319 (1990). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature414(6859), 57–60 (2001). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics4(11), 760–766 (2010). [CrossRef]
  8. J. T. Willits, A. M. Weiner, and S. T. Cundiff, “Line-by-line pulse shaping with spectral resolution below 890 MHz,” Opt. Express20(3), 3110–3117 (2012). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. R. Supradeepa, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping in two dimensions: towards higher complexity optical waveforms,” Opt. Express16(16), 11878–11887 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Shirasaki, “Large angular dispersion by a virtually imaged phased array and its application to a wavelength demultiplexer,” Opt. Lett.21(5), 366–368 (1996). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. J. Xiao and A. M. Weiner, “2-D wavelength demultiplexer with potential for >= 1000 channels in the C-band,” Opt. Express12(13), 2895–2902 (2004). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, “Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb,” Nature445(7128), 627–630 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Chan, E. Myslivets, and J. E. Ford, “2-dimensional beamsteering using dispersive deflectors and wavelength tuning,” Opt. Express16(19), 14617–14628 (2008). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. K. Chan, J. Karp, R. Jiang, N. Alic, S. Radic, C. F. Marki, and J. E. Ford, “1092 channel 2-D array demultiplexer for ultralarge data bandwidth,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(3), 719–725 (2007). [CrossRef]
  15. V. R. Supradeepa, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “A 2-D VIPA-grating pulse shaper with a liquid crystal on silicon (LCOS) spatial light modulator for broadband, high resolution, programmable amplitude and phase control,” in Proceedings of Ultrafast Phenomena XVII, 811–813 (2010).
  16. A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, V. R. Supradeepa, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Programmable broadband ultra-fine resolution 2-D pulse shpaing,” in XVIIIth International conference on Ultrafast phenomena, Vol. 41 of EPJ Web of Conferences (EJP Web of Conferences, 2013).
  17. M. S. Kirchner and S. A. Diddams, “Grism-based pulse shaper for line-by-line control of more than 600 optical frequency comb lines,” Opt. Lett.35(19), 3264–3266 (2010). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. R. Supradeepa, E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “New aspects of temporal dispersion in high-resolution Fourier pulse shaping: a quantitative description with virtually imaged phased array pulse shapers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(9), 1833–1844 (2010). [CrossRef]
  19. J. C. Vaughan, T. Hornung, T. Feurer, and K. A. Nelson, “Diffraction-based femtosecond pulse shaping with a two-dimensional spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett.30(3), 323–325 (2005). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. E. Frumker and Y. Silberberg, “Phase and amplitude pulse shaping with two-dimensional phase-only spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(12), 2940–2947 (2007). [CrossRef]
  21. A. J. Metcalf, V. Torres-Company, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “High-power broadly tunable electro-optic frequency comb generator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(6), 3500306 (2013), doi:. [CrossRef]
  22. S. J. Xiao, A. M. Weiner, and C. Lin, “A dispersion law for virtually imaged phased-array spectral dispersers based on paraxial wave theory,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(4), 420–426 (2004). [CrossRef]
  23. A. J. Metcalf, “Programmable two-dimensional ultra-complex broadband fine-resolution pulse shaping,” MSECE thesis (Purdue University, 2012). http://guides.lib.purdue.edu/dissertations .
  24. Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines,” Nat. Photonics1(8), 463–467 (2007). [CrossRef]
  25. J. Caraquitena, Z. Jiang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Tunable pulse repetition-rate multiplication using phase-only line-by-line pulse shaping,” Opt. Lett.32(6), 716–718 (2007). [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. V. Torres-Company, A. J. Metcalf, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, “Multichannel radio-frequency arbitrary waveform generation based on multiwavelength comb switching and 2-D line-by-line pulse shaping,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(11), 891–893 (2012). [CrossRef]

Cited By

Alert me when this paper is cited

OSA is able to provide readers links to articles that cite this paper by participating in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. CrossRef includes content from more than 3000 publishers and societies. In addition to listing OSA journal articles that cite this paper, citing articles from other participating publishers will also be listed.

« Previous Article  |  Next Article »

OSA is a member of CrossRef.

CrossCheck Deposited